1646 in England
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|See also:||Other events of 1646|
Events from the year 1646 in the Kingdom of England.
Monarch – Charles I
- 9 January – Battle of Bovey Heath: Parliament secures a significant victory over the Royalists in Devon.
- 12 January – Royalists abandon the siege of Plymouth.
- 16 February – the Battle of Torrington at Great Torrington in Devon, the last major battle of the First English Civil War, gives a decisive Parliamentary victory over the Royalists.
- March – Matthew Hopkins begins witch-hunting in the eastern counties.
- 2 March – the Prince of Wales escapes from Cornwall into exile.
- 13 March – Parliament captures Cornwall after Royalists surrender at Truro.
- 21 March – last Royalist army in the field surrenders at Stow-on-the-Wold, although individual fortresses still hold out.
- 13 April – Exeter surrenders to Parliamentary forces.
- 19 April – Barnstaple surrenders to Parliamentary forces.
- 27 April – King Charles I flees from Oxford in disguise.
- 5 May – King Charles I surrenders his forces to a Scottish army at Southwell, Nottinghamshire.
- 20 June: Third Siege of Oxford concludes with signing of the surrender of the Royalist garrison at Oxford to General Thomas Fairfax's Parliamentary New Model Army; on 24 June the main force marches out, ending the First English Civil War.
- 7 July – Levellers William Walwyn and Richard Overton publish Remonstrance of Many Thousand Citizens calling for the abolition of the monarchy.
- 22 July – the Siege of Worcester ends with the city's capture by the Parliamentary forces led by Thomas Rainsborough.
- 27 July – Wallingford Castle surrenders to Sir Thomas Fairfax after a 65-day siege.
- 30 July – in Newcastle upon Tyne Parliamentary commissioners and Scottish Covenanters demand that the King gives up control of the army and place restrictions on Catholics.
- 17 August – the garrison at Pendennis Castle in Cornwall, the last mainland English Royalist stronghold, surrenders after a 155-day siege.
- 19 August – Henry Somerset, 1st Marquess of Worcester, surrenders Raglan Castle in Wales to General Fairfax after a 2-month siege.
- October – Anglican episcopacy formally abolished.
- 23 December – the Covenanters hand over the King to the Parliamentarians.
- 25 December – scuffles in Bury St Edmunds over the celebration of Christmas.
- Thomas Browne's work Pseudodoxia Epidemica, which introduces the word 'electricity' to the language.
- James Shirley's Poems including the masque The Triumph of Beauty.
- John Suckling's play The Goblins.
- The Westminster Confession of Faith.
- 19 August – John Flamsteed, astronomer (died 1719)
- 9 November – John Egerton, 3rd Earl of Bridgewater, politician (died 1701)
- 27 November – Edward Howard, 2nd Earl of Carlisle, politician (died 1692)
- 24 March – Sir Thomas Aston, 1st Baronet, Member of Parliament (born 1600)
- 20 July – William Twisse, church leader (born 1578)
- 1 September – Francis Windebank, statesman (born 1582)
- 14 September – Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, English Civil War general (born 1591)
- 4 October – Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel, statesman (born 1586)
- 28 October (bur.) – William Dobson, portrait painter (born 1611)
- 18 December – Henry Somerset, 1st Marquess of Worcester (born 1577)
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 181–182. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 261. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "Civil War: Surrender of Oxford". Oxfordshire Blue Plaques Scheme. Oxfordshire Blue Plaques Board. 2013. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
- "1646, British Civil Wars". Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-14.
- Durston, Chris (December 1985). "Lords of misrule: The Puritan war on Christmas 1642–60". History Today. 35 (12): 7–14. Retrieved 2011-12-23.
- Chalmers, Gordon (1937). "The Lodestone and the Understanding of Matter in Seventeenth Century England". Philosophy of Science. 4 (1): 75–95. doi:10.1086/286445.