|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1610s 1620s 1630s – 1640s – 1650s 1660s 1670s|
|Years:||1646 1647 1648 – 1649 – 1650 1651 1652|
|1649 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2402|
|English Regnal year||24 Cha. 1 – 1 Cha. 2
|Chinese calendar||戊子年 (Earth Rat)
4345 or 4285
— to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
4346 or 4286
|- Vikram Samvat||1705–1706|
|- Shaka Samvat||1571–1572|
|- Kali Yuga||4750–4751|
|Japanese calendar||Keian 2
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||263 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2191–2192|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1649.|
1649 (MDCXLIX) was a common year starting on Friday (dominical letter C) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Julian calendar, the 1649th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 649th year of the 2nd millennium, the 49th year of the 17th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1640s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1649 is 10 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- January 20 – Charles I of England goes on trial for treason and other "high crimes".
- January 27 – King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is found guilty of high treason in a public session. He is beheaded three days later, outside the Banqueting Hall in the Palace of Whitehall, London.
- January 30
- Following the execution of King Charles I, the Commonwealth of England, a republican form of government, replaces the monarchy as the form of government of England and later of Scotland and Ireland. Members of the Long Parliament serve as government.
- Charles, Prince of Wales declares himself King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland. At the time, none of the three kingdoms recognize him as ruler.
- February 5 – In Edinburgh, Scotland claimant King Charles II of England is declared King in his absence. Scotland is the first of the three Kingdoms to recognize his claim to the throne.
- March 11 – The rebel Frondeurs and the French government sign the Peace of Rueil.
- March 19 – The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring that it is "useless and dangerous to the people of England".
- March – Robert Blake is promoted to become a "General at Sea" of the English fleet.
- May 17 – The Banbury mutiny in England ends – leaders of the Leveller mutineers in the New Model Army are hanged.
- May 19 – An act declaring England to be a Commonwealth is passed by the Rump Parliament.
- May 22–October – Robert Blake blockades Prince Rupert's fleet in Kinsale, Ireland.
- August – The Diggers abandon their last major colony at St. George's Hill, Weybridge, England.
- August 8 – Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh completes Book VIII of Leabhar na nGenealach, in Galway, within days of an outbreak of the plague.
- August 15 – Oliver Cromwell lands in Dublin to begin the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland.
- September 2 – The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
- September 3–11 – Siege of Drogheda in Ireland: New Model Army massacre the Irish Catholic Confederation garrison.
- October 2–11 – Sack of Wexford in Ireland: New Model Army massacre the Irish Catholic Confederation garrison.
- January 12 – Jacques Carrey, French painter (d. 1726)
- January 18 – John Waddon, English politician (d. 1695)
- January 18 – William Maurice, Prince of Nassau-Siegen (d. 1691)
- January 30 – Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Earl of Dysart, British politician and nobleman (d. 1727)
- February 6 – Augusta Marie of Holstein-Gottorp, Consort of Frederick VII, Margrave of Baden-Durlach (d. 1728)
- February 8 – Gabriel Daniel, French Jesuit historian (d. 1728)
- February 11 – William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
- February 16 – Antonio Lupis, prolific Italian writer (d. 1701)
- February 22 – Bon Boullogne, French painter (d. 1717)
- February 25 – Johann Philipp Krieger, German Baroque composer (d. 1725)
- March 3 – John Floyer (physician), English physician and author (d. 1734)
- March 12 – Govert Bidloo, Dutch physician, anatomist, poet and playwright (d. 1713)
- March 13 – Simon Henry, Count of Lippe (d. 1697)
- April 5 – Elihu Yale, American benefactor of Yale University (d. 1721)
- April 8 – Charles Berkeley, 2nd Earl of Berkeley, English diplomat (d. 1710)
- April 9 – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, claimant to the thrones of England, Scotland, and Ireland (d. 1685)
- April 11 – Princess Frederica Amalia of Denmark, daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark (d. 1704)
- April 16 – Jan Luyken, Dutch engraver (d. 1712)
- April 17 – Charles Henri, Prince of Commercy (d. 1723)
- April 23 – Andreas Kneller, German organist and composer (d. 1724)
- May 2 – Engel de Ruyter, Dutch admiral (d. 1683)
- May 3 – Johann Valentin Meder, German composer (d. 1719)
- May 4 – Chhatrasal, Maharaja of Madhya Pradesh (d. 1731)
- May 4 – Augustinus Terwesten, painter from the Northern Netherlands (d. 1711)
- May 15 – Vincent Bigot, Superior general of the Jesuit mission in Canada (d. 1720)
- June 13 – Adrien Baillet, French scholar and critic (d. 1706)
- July 1 – Johann Wilhelm Petersen, German theologian (d. 1727)
- July 4 – Sophie Amalie Lindenov, Danish noblewoman and landowner (d. 1688)
- July 4 – William Lodge, English engraver and printmaker (d. 1689)
- July 19 – Charles, Landgrave of Hesse-Wanfried (d. 1711)
- July 23 – Pope Clement XI (d. 1721)
- August 3 – Diego de Salinas, Governor of Gibraltar (d. 1720)
- August 7 – Archduke Charles Joseph of Austria (d. 1664)
- August 16 – Barent van Kalraet, Dutch painter (d. 1737)
- September 6 – Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth, mistress of Charles II of England (d. 1734)
- September 7 – Charles Lambart, 3rd Earl of Cavan, Irish peer (d. 1702)
- September 10 – Bernhard I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (d. 1706)
- September 12 – Sir Thomas Blount, 1st Baronet, English politician (d. 1687)
- September 12 – Giuseppe Maria Tomasi, Sicilian saint (d. 1713)
- September 15 – Titus Oates, English clergyman and plotter (d. 1705)
- September 20 – Carr Scrope, English poet (d. 1680)
- September 25 – Edward Montagu (1649–1690), British politician (d. 1690)
- September 26 – Katharyne Lescailje, Dutch writer (d. 1711)
- September 27 – Jonas Danilssønn Ramus, Norwegian historian (d. 1718)
- October 3 – Franz Mozart, mason, great-grandfather of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (d. 1693)
- October 6 – Juana Rangel de Cuéllar, Founder of Colombian city (d. 1736)
- October 12 – Sir Thomas Felton, 4th Baronet, English politician (d. 1709)
- October 19 – Samuel Rodigast, Poet and hymnwriter (d. 1708)
- October 25 – Sir Edward Blackett, 2nd Baronet, English politician (d. 1718)
- November 2 – Johann Adolf I, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels, German duke (d. 1697)
- November 2 – Esmé Stewart, 2nd Duke of Richmond, son of James Stewart (d. 1660)
- November 4 – Samuel Carpenter, Samuel Carpenter, immigrant (d. 1714)
- November 24 – John Holwell, mathematician and astrologer (d. 1680)
- December 9 – Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 1st Baronet, of Ridley (d. 1701)
- January 30 – King Charles I of England, Scotland, and Ireland (executed) (b. 1600)
- March 9 – James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, Scottish statesman (b. 1606)
- March 9 – Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland, English soldier (executed) (b. 1590)
- March 16 – Jean de Brébeuf, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1593)
- March 19 – Gerhard Johann Vossius, German classical scholar and theologian (b. 1577)
- March 22 – Agostinho Barbosa, Portuguese bishop in Italy and writer on canon law (d. 1589).
- March 26 – John Winthrop First Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. c. 1587)
- May 14 – Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (b. 1600)
- June 3 – Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (b. 1590)
- September 6 – Robert Dudley, styled Earl of Warwick, English explorer and geographer (b. 1574)
- September 15 – John Floyd, English Jesuit preacher (b. 1572)
- October 3 – Giovanni Diodati, Swiss Protestant clergyman (b. 1576)
- October 16 – Isaac van Ostade, Dutch painter (b. 1621)
- November 19 – Caspar Schoppe, German scholar (b. 1576)
- December 4 – William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (b. 1585)
- December 7 – Charles Garnier, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1606)
- December 8 – Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1613)
- "March 1649 - An Act for the Abolishing the House of Peers.". Retrieved 2012-02-16.
- Baumber, Michael (2004). "Blake, Robert (bap. 1598, d. 1657)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/2582. Retrieved 2010-08-24. (subscription or UK public library membership required)