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|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1620s 1630s 1640s – 1650s – 1660s 1670s 1680s|
|Years:||1655 1656 1657 – 1658 – 1659 1660 1661|
|1658 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2411|
|English Regnal year||9 Cha. 2 – 10 Cha. 2
|Chinese calendar||丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
4354 or 4294
— to —
戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
4355 or 4295
|- Vikram Samvat||1714–1715|
|- Shaka Samvat||1580–1581|
|- Kali Yuga||4759–4760|
|Japanese calendar||Meireki 4 / Manji 1
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||254 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2200–2201|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1658.|
1658 (MDCLVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (dominical letter F) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday (dominical letter C) of the Julian calendar, the 1658th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 658th year of the 2nd millennium, the 58th year of the 17th century, and the 9th year of the 1650s decade. As of the start of 1658, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1918.
- January 13 – Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in the Tower of London.
- February 6 – Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt in Denmark over frozen sea.
- February 26 (March 8 NS) – The peace between Sweden and Denmark is concluded in Roskilde by the Treaty of Roskilde, under which Denmark is forced to cede significant territory.
- March 22 – The ship Waeckende Boey is wrecked on the coast of Java; the four survivors walk overland to Jepara.
- May 1 – Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus are published by Thomas Browne.
- June 6 – Pope Alexander VII appoints François de Laval vicar apostolic in New France.
- June 14 – Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60) and Franco-Spanish War (1635–59): Battle of the Dunes: A Spanish force attempting to lift a siege of Dunkirk is defeated by the French and English. England is then given Dunkirk for its assistance in the victory.
- June 25–27 – Anglo-Spanish War: Battle of Rio Nuevo: A Spanish invasion force fails to recapture Jamaica from the English.
- July – Šarhūda's Manchu fleet annihilates Onufriy Stepanov's Russian flotilla on the Amur.
- July 31 – After Shah Jahan completes the Taj Mahal, his son Aurangzeb deposes him as ruler of the Mughal Empire.
- September 3 – Oliver Cromwell dies and his son Richard assumes his father's former position as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland.
- Portuguese traders are expelled from Ceylon by Dutch invaders.
- The Dutch in the Cape Colony start to import slaves from India and South-East Asia (later from Madagascar).
- January 9 – Nicolas Coustou, French artist (d. 1733)
- January 17 – Samson Wertheimer, European rabbi (d. 1724)
- January 17 – Francis Seymour, 5th Duke of Somerset (d. 1678)
- February 18 – Charles-Irénée Castel de Saint-Pierre, French writer (d. 1743)
- March 5 – Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac, French explorer (d. 1730)
- March 8 – Thomas Trevor, 1st Baron Trevor, British Baron (d. 1730)
- March 23 – Jean-Baptiste Santerre, French painter (d. 1717)
- March 30 – Muro Kyūsō (d. 1734)
- April 11 – James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish peer (d. 1712)
- April 19 – Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine, German noble (d. 1716)
- April 22 – Giuseppe Torelli, Italian violist, violinist, pedagogue and composer (d. 1709)
- May 30 – Sir Henry Furnese, 1st Baronet, English merchant and politician (d. 1712)
- June 10 – John March (d. 1712)
- June 11 – Victor Honoré Janssens, Flemish painter (d. 1736)
- June 22 – Louis VII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (d. 1678)
- July 10 – Luigi Ferdinando Marsili, Italian soldier and naturalist (d. 1730)
- July 14 – Camillo Rusconi, Italian artist (d. 1728)
- July 17 – Diogo de Mendonça Corte-Real, Portuguese politician (d. 1736)
- July 21 – Alexis Littré, French physician and anatomist (d. 1726)
- July 25 – Archibald Campbell, 1st Duke of Argyll, Scottish privy councillor (d. 1703)
- July 28 – Roelof Diodati, Dutch Governors of Mauritius (d. 1723)
- August 1 – Pierre Joseph Garidel, French botanist (d. 1737)
- August 5 – Claude Audran III, French painter (d. 1734)
- August 10 – Susanne Maria von Sandrart, German engraver (d. 1716)
- August 11 – Sir Justinian Isham, 4th Baronet, English baronet and Member of Parliament (d. 1730)
- August 16 – Jan Frans van Son, Flemish Baroque (d. 1704)
- August 16 – Ralph Thoresby, British historian (d. 1725)
- August 18 – Jan František Beckovský, Czech historian (d. 1722)
- August 22 – John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (d. 1729)
- August 28 – Honoré Tournély, French theologian (d. 1729)
- September 1 – Jacques Bernard (d. 1718)
- September 16 – John Dennis, English dramatist and critic (d. 1734)
- September 24 – Sir Robert Anstruther, 1st Baronet, Scottish politician (d. 1737)
- September 30 – Elisabeth Eleonore of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Duchess consort of Saxe-Meiningen (d. 1729)
- October 2 – Nicholas Roosevelt (1658–1742), Dutch-American politician (d. 1742)
- October 5 – Mary of Modena, queen of James II of England (d. 1718)
- October 11 – Christian Heinrich Postel, German jurist (d. 1705)
- October 18 – Alexander of Courland, German prince (d. 1686)
- October 19 – Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1704)
- October 21 – Henri de Boulainvilliers, French nobleman (d. 1722)
- October 24 – Marko Gerbec, Physician, scientist (d. 1718)
- November 2 – Baptist Noel (MP), English politician (d. 1690)
- November 4 – Sulkhan-Saba Orbeliani, Prince, writer, monk and author (d. 1725)
- November 21 – Johann Gottfried Roesner, Prussian burgomaster (d. 1724)
- November 27 – Tsarevna Catherine Alekseyevna of Russia, daughter of Tsar Alexis of Russia (d. 1718)
- November 27 – Tsarevna Yevdokia Alekseyevna of Russia, Russian Tsarevna (d. 1718)
- November 27 – Hercule-Louis Turinetti, marquis of Prié (d. 1726)
- December 2 – Sir Thomas Roberts, 4th Baronet, English politician (d. 1706)
- December 10 – Lancelot Blackburne, Archbishop of York (d. 1743)
- date unknown – Elizabeth Barry, English actress (d. 1713)
- January 7 – Theophilus Eaton, English-born Connecticut colonist (b. 1590)
- January 13 – Edward Sexby, English Puritan soldier (b. 1616)
- April 7 – Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, Spanish mystic (b. 1595)
- April 19 – Kirsten Munk, second wife of Christian IV of Denmark (b. 1598)
- April 29 – John Cleveland, English poet (b. 1613)
- September 3 – Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1599)
- September 22 – Georg Philipp Harsdörffer, German poet (b. 1607)
- October 23 – Thomas Pride, parliamentarian general in the English Civil War
- November 4 – Antoine Le Maistre, French Jansenist (b. 1608)
- November 6 – Pierre du Ryer, French dramatist (b. 1606)
- November 8 – Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer (b. 1599)
- December 6 – Baltasar Gracián y Morales, Spanish writer (b. 1601)
- December 20 – Jean Jannon, Dutch typefounder (b. 1580)
- Brems, Hans (June 1970). "Sweden: From Great Power to Welfare State". Journal of Economic Issues. Association for Evolutionary Economics. 4 (2, 3): 1–16. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
A swift and brilliantly conceived march from Holstein across the frozen Danish waters on Copenhagen by Karl X Gustav in 1658 finally wrested Bohuslin, Sk'ane, and Blekinge from Denmark. Denmark no longer controlled both sides of Oresund, and Swedish power was at its peak.