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Millennium: 2nd millennium
July 14: At the Battle of Landskrona, King Charles XI of Sweden leads defense of kingdom from invasion force from Denmark's King Christian V.
1677 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1677
Ab urbe condita2430
Armenian calendar1126
Assyrian calendar6427
Balinese saka calendar1598–1599
Bengali calendar1084
Berber calendar2627
English Regnal year28 Cha. 2 – 29 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar2221
Burmese calendar1039
Byzantine calendar7185–7186
Chinese calendar丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4374 or 4167
    — to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4375 or 4168
Coptic calendar1393–1394
Discordian calendar2843
Ethiopian calendar1669–1670
Hebrew calendar5437–5438
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1733–1734
 - Shaka Samvat1598–1599
 - Kali Yuga4777–4778
Holocene calendar11677
Igbo calendar677–678
Iranian calendar1055–1056
Islamic calendar1087–1088
Japanese calendarEnpō 5
Javanese calendar1599–1600
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4010
Minguo calendar235 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar209
Thai solar calendar2219–2220
Tibetan calendar阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
1803 or 1422 or 650
    — to —
(female Fire-Snake)
1804 or 1423 or 651

1677 (MDCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1677th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 677th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 17th century, and the 8th year of the 1670s decade. As of the start of 1677, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.






  • October 29Michel le Tellier becomes Chancellor of France.
  • November 4 – The future Mary II of England marries William of Orange in London.
  • November 16French troops occupy Freiburg.
  • December 7 – Father Louis Hennepin of Belgium, exploring North America, becomes the earliest known European person to discover Niagara Falls, and the first to report its existence. In his book A New Discovery of a Vast Country in America, published in 1698, Hennepin writes "Betwixt the lakes Ontario and Eire there is a vast prodigious Cadence of water which falls down after a surprising and astonishing manner, inasmuch that the Universe does not afford its parallel."[4]
  • December 9 – The French Navy, led by Charles de Courbon de Blénac with a land force of 950 men, lands at the Caribbean island of Tobago, lays siege to the Dutch fort defending the territory during the Franco-Dutch War, and destroys the structure when it fires a cannon overlooking the fort, striking the gunpowder arsenal. The explosion kills 250 of the defenders, including Dutch Admiral Jacob Binckes and 16 officers. Combined with the sinking of four ships of the Netherlands Navy, the victory at Tobago ends Dutch military power in the Antilles.
  • December 15 – The Siege of Stettin (the modern-day Polish city of Szczecin but, at this time, a possession of Sweden) ends after almost five months with Sweden's surrender of the city to Prussia's Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg. The siege, part of the Scanian War, had begun on June 25.

Date unknown[edit]


Françoise Marie de Bourbon
King Stanisław Leszczyński


Baruch Spinoza
Barbara Strozzi


  1. ^ "The Women of the Bastille", anonymous excerpt from Memoires Historiques et Authentiques sur la Bastille (1789), in New Monthly Magazine (April 1864) p. 435
  2. ^ Olaf van Nimwegen, The Dutch Army and the Military Revolutions, 1588-1688 (Boydell Press, 2010) p. 504
  3. ^ Ian Grey, The Romanovs (New Word City, 1970)
  4. ^ "Hennepin at Niagara", by Eleanor Clapp Waltz, in Beeson's Marine Directory of the Northwestern Lakes (H. C. Beeson, 1910) pp. 169-170
  5. ^ Kreyszig, Erwin (June 1991). Differential Geometry. Courier Corporation. ISBN 978-0-486-66721-8.
  6. ^ Grun, Bernard (1991). The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon and Schuster. pp. 308–309. OL 1756160M. Ice cream becomes popular as dessert in Paris.
  7. ^ Wiep van Bunge; Henri Krop; Piet Steenbakkers (July 31, 2014). The Bloomsbury Companion to Spinoza. A&C Black. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-4725-2760-8.
  8. ^ Oechslin, Werner (1972). "BUONAMICI, Francesco". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (in Italian). Vol. 15. Archived from the original on January 23, 2020.