|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1640s 1650s 1660s – 1670s – 1680s 1690s 1700s|
|Years:||1674 1675 1676 – 1677 – 1678 1679 1680|
|1677 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2430|
|English Regnal year||28 Cha. 2 – 29 Cha. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)
4373 or 4313
— to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
4374 or 4314
|- Vikram Samvat||1733–1734|
|- Shaka Samvat||1599–1600|
|- Kali Yuga||4778–4779|
|Japanese calendar||Enpō 5
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||235 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2219–2220|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1677.|
1677 (MDCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (dominical letter C) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Julian calendar, the 1677th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 677th year of the 2nd millennium, the 77th year of the 17th century, and the 8th year of the 1670s decade. As of the start of 1677, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1918.
- January 1 – Jean Racine's tragedy Phèdre is first performed.
- January 21 – First medical publication in America (Pamphlet on smallpox), Boston.
- April 11 – Battle of Cassel: Philippe I, Duke of Orléans defeats William of Orange.
- April 16 – The Statute of Frauds is passed into English law.
- April 6 – Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor visits the University of Innsbruck.
- May 29 – The Treaty of Middle Plantation establishes peace between the Virginia colonists and the local Indians.
- May 31 – Battle of Møn: During the Scanian War, Danish ships clash with Swedish ships under Niels Juel between Fehmarn and Warnemünde; the Danish defeat the Swedish and capture a number of ships.
- June 25–June 26 – Siege of Malmö.
- July 14 – Sweden defeats the Danes in the Battle of Landskrona.
- October 29 – Michel le Tellier becomes chancellor of France.
- November 4 – The future Mary II of England marries William of Orange.
- November 16 – French troops occupy Freiburg.
- The Second London Baptist Confession of Faith is written (published in 1689).
- Spinoza's Ethics (Ethica, ordine geometrico demonstrata) is published as part of his Opera Posthuma in Amsterdam.
- Elias Ashmole gifts the collection that begins the Ashmolean Museum to the University of Oxford in England.
- Charles II of England makes Henry Purcell court musician.
- Jules Hardouin Mansart begins la place Vendôme in Paris (completed in 1698).
- Francis Aungier, 3rd Baron Aungier of Longford, is created 1st Earl of Longford in the Peerage of Ireland.
- The John Roan School is established in Greenwich, London.
- Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz gives a complete solution to the tangent problem.
- Antonie van Leeuwenhoek observes spermatozoa under the microscope.
- End of the use of male impotence as a factor in French divorce proceedings.
- Ice cream becomes popular in Paris.
- The population of Paris first exceeds 500,000.
- February 3 – Jan Santini Aichel, Czech architect (d. 1723)
- February 4 – Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (d. 1731)
- February 8 – Jacques Cassini, French astronomer (d. 1756)
- May 4 – Françoise-Marie de Bourbon, youngest daughter of Louis XIV and Madame de Montespan, wife of Philippe d'Orléans, le Régent (d.1749)
- August 27 – Otto Ferdinand von Abensperg und Traun, Austrian field marshal (d. 1748)
- September 17 – Stephen Hales, English physiologist, chemist, and inventor (d. 1761)
- October 20 – Stanisław Leszczyński (d. 1766)
- date unknown
- February 21 – Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher (b. 1632)
- March 28 – Václav Hollar, Czech-born actor (b. 1607)
- May 4 – Isaac Barrow, English mathematician (b. 1630)
- May 20 – George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, English statesman (b. 1612)
- July 30 – Fabian von Fersen, Swedish soldier (b. 1626)
- July 11 – Timothy Turner, Judge and actor (b. 1585)
- August – Matthew Locke (composer), English composer (b. 1621)
- August – Joseph Pardo, English hazzan (b. c. 1624)
- September 11 – James Harrington, English political philosopher (b. 1611)
- November 9 – Aernout van der Neer, Dutch painter (b. 1603)
- date unknown – Gilbert Sheldon, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1598)
- Kreyszig, Erwin. Differential Geometry. ISBN 978-0-486-66721-8.
- Grun, Bernard (1991). The Timetables of History: A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New York: Simon and Schuster. pp. 308–309.
Ice cream becomes popular as dessert in Paris