1677 in England
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Events from the year 1677 in the Kingdom of England.
- Monarch – Charles II
- 16 February – politicians the Earl of Shaftesbury, Duke of Buckingham, Lord Wharton and the Earl of Salisbury are arrested and sent to the Tower of London.
- February – Nathaniel Lee's blank verse tragedy The Rival Queens, or the Death of Alexander the Great, is performed at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, with Mrs Charlotte Melmoth as Roxana.
- 16 April – Parliament passes the Statute of Frauds.
- 4 November – William of Orange marries Princess Mary of York at St James's Palace.
- 30 December – William Sancroft nominated by the King as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- The Baptist Confession of Faith is first published in London.
- The Monument to the Great Fire of London, designed by Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke is completed.
- Chapel of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, designed by Wren.
- Elias Ashmole gifts the collection that begins the Ashmolean Museum to the University of Oxford.
- Charles II of England makes Henry Purcell court musician.
- The John Roan School is established in Greenwich, London.
- Robert Plot publishes The Natural History of Oxford-shire, being an essay toward the natural history of England, in which he describes the fossilised femur of a human giant, now known to be from the dinosaur Megalosaurus.
- Fabian Stedman publishes Tintinnalogia, or, the Art of Ringing.
- 17 September – Stephen Hales, physiologist, chemist and inventor (died 1761)
- 17 November – Sir Francis Boynton, Member of Parliament (died 1739)
- Whitmore Acton, Member of Parliament (died 1732)
- Elizabeth Wardlaw, writer (died 1727)
- 4 May – Isaac Barrow, mathematician (born 1630)
- 20 May – George Digby, 2nd Earl of Bristol, statesman (born 1612)
- August – Matthew Locke, composer (born 1621)
- 27 August – Richard Sackville, 5th Earl of Dorset, Earl (born 1622)
- 11 September – James Harrington, political philosopher (born 1611)
- 14 October – Francis Glisson, physician, anatomist and writer (born 1597)
- 2 November – Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester, Earl (born 1595)
- Ralph Bankes, Member of Parliament (born 1631)
- Thomas Manton, theologian (born 1620)
- Gilbert Sheldon, Archbishop of Canterbury (born 1598)
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 278. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Birley, Robert (1962). Sunk without Trace: some forgotten masterpieces reconsidered. London: Rupert Hart-Davis.
- Beddard, R. A. P. J. (2004). "Sancroft, William (1617–1693)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/24610. Retrieved 2012-06-01. (subscription or UK public library membership required)