1678 in England
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Events from the year 1678 in the Kingdom of England.
- Monarch – Charles II
- 31 May – the Godiva Procession, a commemoration held in honour of Lady Godiva's legendary 11th century naked horseback ride through the streets of Coventry in protest against her husband's treatment of the citizens, begins.
- 6 September – Titus Oates first presents sworn allegations of the "Popish Plot", a supposed Catholic conspiracy to assassinate King Charles II. On 28 September before the Privy Council he makes allegations against numerous Jesuits and Catholic nobles. Oates applies the term Tory to those who disbelieve his allegations.
- 17 October – magistrate Sir Edmund Berry Godfrey is found murdered in Primrose Hill, London. Titus Oates claims it as a proof of his allegations.
- 25 October – five Catholic peers accused of involvement in the "Popish Plot" are arrested at the instance of the House of Commons and committed to the Tower of London.
- 3 December – the Test Act provides that members of both the House of Lords and House of Commons must swear an anti-Catholic oath before taking office.
- Second Burying in Woollen Act, more rigidly enforced.
- July – Thomas Hearne, antiquarian (died 1735)
- 16 September – Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, statesman and philosopher (died 1751)
- 8 December – Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole of Wolterton, diplomat (died 1757)
- 14 December – Daniel Neal, historian (died 1743)
- 30 December – William Croft, composer (died 1727)
- 16 August – Andrew Marvell, writer (born 1621)
- 28 August – John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, soldier (born 1602)
- 12 October – Edmund Berry Godfrey, magistrate (born 1621)
- 1 November – William Coddington, first Governor of Rhode Island (born 1601)
- Palmer, Alan & Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 193–194. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "Charles II, 1677 & 1678: An Act for burying in Woollen". British History Online. Retrieved 2011-08-18.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.