|1679 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|State leaders – Colonial governors – Religious leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2432|
|English Regnal year||30 Cha. 2 – 31 Cha. 2|
|Chinese calendar||戊午年 (Earth Horse)
4375 or 4315
— to —
己未年 (Earth Goat)
4376 or 4316
|- Vikram Samvat||1735–1736|
|- Shaka Samvat||1600–1601|
|- Kali Yuga||4779–4780|
|Japanese calendar||Enpō 7
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||233 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2221–2222|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1679.|
1679 (MDCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Wednesday (dominical letter E) of the Julian calendar, the 1679th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 679th year of the 2nd millennium, the 79th year of the 17th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1670s decade. As of the start of 1679, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- January 24 – King Charles II of England dissolves the "Cavalier Parliament" after nearly 18 years.
- March 6–May 27 – In England, the "Habeas Corpus Parliament" (or "First Exclusion Parliament") meets. It is dissolved on July 12 while in recess by Royal prerogative to prevent it passing a Bill excluding the king's brother, the Catholic James, Duke of York, from the succession to the English throne as part of the Exclusion Crisis.
- May 27 – The Parliament of England passes the Habeas Corpus Act "for the better securing the liberty of the subject".
- June 1 – Battle of Drumclog: Scottish Covenanters defeat a small government force.
- June 4 – Armenia earthquake: A tremor with an estimated surface wave magnitude of 6.4 takes place in the Yerevan region of the Persian Empire.
- June 22 – Battle of Bothwell Bridge in Scotland: Royal forces led by James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth and John Graham of Claverhouse subdue the Scottish Covenanters.
- August 7 – The brigantine Le Griffon, commissioned by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes.
- November 27 – A fire in Boston, Massachusetts, burns all of the warehouses, 80 houses, and all of the ships in the dockyards.
- The Tibet–Ladakh–Mughal War (1679–84) starts with the Tibetan invasion of Ladakh.
- European explorers discover Niagara Falls.
- The city of Duluth, is founded. (citation needed)
- The Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb reimposes jizya.
- Malpas Tunnel on the Canal du Midi in Hérault, France, Europe's first navigable canal tunnel, is excavated by Pierre-Paul Riquet (165 m, concrete lined).
- January 24 – Christian Wolff, German philosopher (d. 1754)
- March 18 – Matthew Decker, English merchant and writer (d. 1749)
- March 29 – Benedict Calvert, 4th Baron Baltimore, Colonial governor of Maryland (d. 1715)
- May 29 – Antonio Farnese, Duke of Parma (d. 1731)
- August 22 – Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal (d. 1758)
- October 13 – Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst, Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (d. 1740)
- October 16 – Jan Dismas Zelenka, Bohemian composer (d. 1745)
- October 18 – Ann Putnam, Jr., American accuser in the Salem witch trials (d. 1716)
- November 11 – Firmin Abauzit, French scientist (d. 1767)
- date unknown
- January 1 – Jan Steen, Dutch painter
- February 18 – Lady Anne Finch Conway, English philosopher (b. 1631)
- March 16 – John Leverett, Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1616)
- March 26 – Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (b. 1621)
- April – Thomas Notley, Colonial governor of Maryland
- May 3 – James Sharp, Scottish archbishop (assassinated) (b. 1613)
- May 26 – Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1636)
- June 15 – Guillaume Courtois, French painter (b. 1628)
- July 11 – William Chamberlayne, English poet (b. 1619)
- August 6 – John Snell, English royalist (b. 1629)
- August 24 – Jean François Paul de Gondi, cardinal de Retz, French churchman and agitator (b. 1614)
- September 11 – Nicolaes Visscher I (buried), Dutch engraver, cartographer and publisher (b. 1618)
- September 17 – John of Austria the Younger, Spanish general (b. 1629)
- October 12 – William Gurnall, English writer (b. 1617)
- October 26 – Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (b. 1621)
- November 11 – Rosina Schnorr, German businessperson (b. 1618)
- November 19 – Roger Conant Massachusetts governor, founder of Salem, Massachusetts (b. 1592)
- December 4 – Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (b. 1588)
- December 31 – Giovanni Alfonso Borelli, Italian physiologist and physicist (b. 1608)