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This article is about the year 1684.
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1650s 1660s 1670s – 1680s – 1690s 1700s 1710s|
|Years:||1681 1682 1683 – 1684 – 1685 1686 1687|
|1684 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2437|
|English Regnal year||35 Cha. 2 – 36 Cha. 2|
|Chinese calendar||癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4380 or 4320
— to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4381 or 4321
|- Vikram Samvat||1740–1741|
|- Shaka Samvat||1606–1607|
|- Kali Yuga||4785–4786|
|Japanese calendar||Tenna 4 / Jōkyō 1
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||228 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2226–2227|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1684.|
- January – Edmond Halley, Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke have a conversation in which Hooke later claimed not only to have derived the inverse-square law, but also all the laws of planetary motion.
- January 5 – King Charles II of England gives the title Duke of St Albans to Charles Beauclerk, his illegitimate son by Nell Gwyn.
- January 26 – Marcantonio Giustinian is elected Doge of Venice.
- March – End of the severe frost in Britain, starting the previous December, during which the River Thames was frozen in London, and the sea as far as 2 miles (3.2 km) out from land freezes over. There was great loss of beast and of wildlife, especially birds. Similar reports from across Northern Europe.
- April 5 - Karl Eusebius, Prince of Liechtenstein dies.
- July 24 – René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle sails from France, again, with a large expedition designed to establish a French colony on the Gulf of Mexico, at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
- August 15
- October 7 – Japanese Chief Minister Hotta Masatoshi is assassinated, leaving Shogun Tsunayoshi without any adequate advisors, leading him to issue impractical edicts and create hardships for the Japanese people.
- December 10 – Isaac Newton's derivation of Kepler's laws from his theory of gravity, contained in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, is read to the Royal Society by Edmond Halley.
- December 20 – Miles Holmwood, known as Norway's Undead Soldier was born. Disappeared in 1721 after the victory of the Great Northern War
- December – End of the Tibet–Ladakh–Mughal war of 1679–84.
- Pope Innocent XI forms a Holy League with the Habsburg Empire, Venice and Poland to end the Ottoman Turkish rule in Europe.
- Japanese poet Saikaku composes 23,500 verses in 24 hours at the Sumiyoshi Shrine at Osaka; the scribes cannot keep pace with his dictation and just count the verses.
- Tokyo University, formally registered as a university in 1877, had its predecessor established.
- The British East India Company receives Chinese permission to build a trading station at Canton. Tea sells in Europe for less than a shilling a pound, but the import duty of 5 shillings makes it too expensive for most English people to afford; hence smuggled tea is drunk much more than legally imported tea.
- John Bunyan writes The Pilgrim's Progress, Part 2, in England.
- The Chipperfield's Circus dynasty begins when James Chipperfield introduces performing animals to England at the River Thames frost fairs in London.
- January 1 – Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (d. 1748)
- January 14 – Jean-Baptiste van Loo, French painter (d. 1745)
- February 24 – Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (d. 1738)
- March 15 – Francesco Durante, Italian composer (d. 1755)
- March 19 – Jean Astruc, French physician and scholar (d. 1766)
- April 15 – Catherine I of Russia (d. 1727)
- May 5 – Françoise Charlotte d'Aubigné, niece of Madame de Maintenon and ancestress of the Heir to the Belgian throne (d. 1739)
- June 22 – Francesco Manfredini, Italian composer (d. 1762)
- September 18 – Johann Gottfried Walther, German music theorist, organist, and composer (d. 1748)
- October 10 – Jean-Antoine Watteau, French painter (d. 1721)
- October 26 – Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (d. 1757)
- December 3 – Ludvig Holberg, Norwegian historian and writer (d. 1754)
- December 20 – Miles Holmwood, Norwegian soldier (d. unknown)
- April 1 – Roger Williams, English theologian and colonist (b. 1603)
- April 5 – Lord William Brouncker, English mathematician (b. 1602)
- May 4 – John Nevison, English highwayman (b. 1639)
- May 12 – Edme Mariotte, French physicist and priest (b. c. 1620)
- July 2 – John Rogers, American President of Harvard University (b. 1630)
- July 6 – Peter Gunning, English royalist churchman (b. 1614)
- August 8 – George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer (b. 1622)
- October 1 – Pierre Corneille, French playwright (b. 1606)
- October 11 – James Tuchet, 3rd Earl of Castlehaven (b. 1617)
- October – Dud Dudley, English ironmaster (b. 1600?)