1686 in England
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Events from the year 1686 in the Kingdom of England.
- Monarch - James II
- 21 June - Judgement in the case of Godden v. Hales affirms the king's power to exercise his dispensing powers granting exemptions from anti-Catholic legislation. Heneage Finch is dismissed as Solicitor General for his refusal to defend the king's case.
- 10 July - Court of Ecclesiastical Commission created.
- 17 July - King James appoints four Catholics to the Privy Council of England.
- 5 November - Bar Convent in York established, making it the oldest surviving active Catholic convent in England.
- A group of conspirators meet at Charborough House in Dorset to plan the overthrow of James II by Parliamentarians and the Dutch Stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau (James's son-in-law).
- Robert Plot - The Natural History of Staffordshire.
- April 9 - James Craggs the Younger, English politician (died 1721)
- April 29 - Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (died 1742)
- June 5 - Edward Howard, 9th Duke of Norfolk, English aristocrat (died 1777). Possibly born in 1685.
- August 12 - John Balguy, English philosopher (died 1748)
- August 19 - Eustace Budgell, English writer (died 1737)
- November 30 - Richard Lumley, 2nd Earl of Scarbrough, English Whig politician (died 1740)
- George Clinton, English politician (died 1761)
- Thomas Carte, English historian (died 1754)
- Giles Jacob, English legal writer and literary critic (died 1744)
- William Law, English divine (died 1761)
- Christopher Packe, English medical doctor and geologist (died 1749)
- January 14 - Sir Thomas Abdy, 1st Baronet, English lawyer and landowner (born 1612)
- January 19 - Simon Digby, 4th Baron Digby, English politician (born 1657)
- February 10 - Sir William Dugdale, English antiquary (born 1605)
- April 15 - Sir Joseph Ashe, 1st Baronet, English Whig politician and merchant (born 1618)
- June 23 - Sir William Coventry, English statesman (born c. 1628)
- July 10 - John Fell, English churchman (born 1625)
- July 16 - John Pearson, English theologian and scholar (born 1612)
- October 26 - John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English nobleman (born 1623)
- John Dolben, English churchman (born 1625)
- John (Jack) Ketch, executioner employed by King Charles II (birth unknown)
- John Playford, English bookseller and publisher (born 1623)
- Thomas Watson, English, non-conformist, Puritan preacher and author (born c. 1620)
- "Judgment in the Case Godden v. Hales, 1686". The Jacobite Heritage. 2003-10-25. Retrieved 2016-03-20.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 196–197. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- "The Bar Convent". Retrieved 2016-04-11.
- Information on James Craggs the Younger and Elder