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This article is about the year 1694.
|Centuries:||16th century – 17th century – 18th century|
|Decades:||1660s 1670s 1680s – 1690s – 1700s 1710s 1720s|
|Years:||1691 1692 1693 – 1694 – 1695 1696 1697|
|1694 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors - State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2447|
|English Regnal year||6 Will. & Mar. – 7 Will. & Mar.|
|Chinese calendar||癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
4390 or 4330
— to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4391 or 4331
|- Vikram Samvat||1750–1751|
|- Shaka Samvat||1616–1617|
|- Kali Yuga||4795–4796|
|Japanese calendar||Genroku 7
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||218 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2236–2237|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1694.|
- February 5 – The ship Ridderschap van Holland is lost at sea after it departs the Cape of Good Hope, but does not arrive at Batavia.
- February 6 – The colony of Quilombo dos Palmares, Brazil, is destroyed.
- March 1 – The HMS Sussex treasure fleet of thirteen ships is wrecked in the Mediterranean off Gibraltar with the loss of approximately 1,200 lives.
- July 27 – The Bank of England is founded through Royal charter by the Whig-dominated Parliament of England following a proposal by the Scottish merchant William Paterson to raise capital by offering safe and steady returns of interest guaranteed by future taxes. A total of £1.2 million is raised for the war effort against Louis XIV of France by the end of the year to establish the first-ever government debt.
- September 5 – The Great Fire of Warwick in England.
- October 25 – Queen Mary II of England founds the Royal Hospital for Seamen at Greenwich.
- December – Thomas Tenison is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.
- December 3 – The Parliament of England passes the Triennial Act requiring general elections every three years.
- December 28 – Queen Mary II of England dies of smallpox aged 32, leaving her husband King William III to rule alone but without an heir. Since he is also without a royal hostess, Mary's sister Princess Anne is summoned back to court (having been banished after an unseemly row with the queen) as his official heiress.
- The Lao empire of Lan Xang unofficially ends.
- Notorious voyage of the English slave ship Hannibal in the Atlantic slave trade out of Benin, ending with the death of nearly half of the 692 slaves aboard.
- Rascians establish the settlement which will become Novi Sad on the Danube.
- The Académie française publishes the first complete edition of its Dictionnaire in Paris.
- April 25 – Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (d. 1753)
- June 4 – François Quesnay, French economist (d. 1774)
- June 26 – Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and mineralogist (d. 1768)
- July 4 – Louis-Claude Daquin, French composer (d. 1772)
- August 5 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (d. 1744)
- August 8 – Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (d. 1746)
- August 26 – Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (d. 1755)
- September 22 – Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, English statesman and man of letters (d. 1773)
- September 25 – Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1754)
- October 26 – Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (d. 1758)
- November 21 – Voltaire, French philosopher (d. 1778)
- November 28 – Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (d. 1728)
- December 22 – Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (d. 1768)
- January 2 – Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (b. 1651)
- January 7 – Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield (b. c.1618)
- February 4 – Natalya Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia (b. 1651)
- April 27 – John George IV, Elector of Saxony (b. 1668)
- June 17 – Philip Howard, English Roman Catholic Cardinal (b. 1629)
- August 8 – Antoine Arnauld, French philosopher and mathematician (b. 1612)
- October 15 – Samuel von Pufendorf, German jurist (b. 1632)
- November 22 – John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1630)
- November 25 – Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer (b. 1605)
- November 28 – Matsuo Bashō, Japanese poet (b. 1644)
- November 29 – Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician (b. 1628)
- December 2 – Pierre Puget, French artist (b. 1622)
- December 28 – Queen Mary II of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1662)
- date unknown – Hafız Post, Turkish musician