|1694 by topic:|
|Arts and Science|
|Architecture - Art - Literature - Music - Science|
|Lists of leaders|
|State leaders – Colonial & territorial governors – Religious leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births - Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments - Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2447|
|English Regnal year||6 Will. & Mar. – 7 Will. & Mar.|
|Chinese calendar||癸酉年 (Water Rooster)
4390 or 4330
— to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
4391 or 4331
|- Vikram Samvat||1750–1751|
|- Shaka Samvat||1615–1616|
|- Kali Yuga||4794–4795|
|Japanese calendar||Genroku 7
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 10 days|
|Minguo calendar||218 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2236–2237|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1694.|
1694 (MDCXCIV) was a common year starting on Friday (dominical letter C) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday (dominical letter G) of the Julian calendar, the 1694th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 694th year of the 2nd millennium, the 94th year of the 17th century, and the 5th year of the 1690s decade. As of the start of 1694, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
- February 5 – The ship Ridderschap van Holland is lost at sea after it departs the Cape of Good Hope, but does not arrive at Batavia.
- February 6 – The colony of Quilombo dos Palmares, Brazil, is destroyed.
- March 1 – The HMS Sussex treasure fleet of thirteen ships is wrecked in the Mediterranean off Gibraltar with the loss of approximately 1,200 lives.
- July 27 – The Bank of England is founded through Royal charter by the Whig-dominated Parliament of England following a proposal by the Scottish merchant William Paterson to raise capital by offering safe and steady returns of interest guaranteed by future taxes. A total of £1.2 billion is raised for the war effort against Louis XIV of France by the end of the year to establish the first-ever government debt.
- September 5 – The Great Fire of Warwick in England.
- Autumn – A major windstorm spreads the Culbin Sands over a large area of farmland in Scotland.
- October 25 – Queen Mary II of England founds the Royal Hospital for Seamen at Greenwich.
- December – Thomas Tenison is appointed Archbishop of Canterbury.
- December 3 – The Parliament of England passes the Triennial Act requiring general elections every three years.
- December 28 – Queen Mary II of England dies of smallpox aged 32, leaving her husband King William III to rule alone but without an heir. Since he is also without a royal hostess, Mary's sister Princess Anne is summoned back to court (having been banished after an unseemly row with the queen) as his official heiress.
- The Lao empire of Lan Xang unofficially ends.
- Notorious voyage of the English slave ship Hannibal in the Atlantic slave trade out of Benin, ending with the death of nearly half of the 692 slaves aboard.
- Rascians establish the settlement which will become Novi Sad on the Danube.
- The Académie française publishes the first complete edition of its Dictionnaire in Paris.
- April 25 – Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (d. 1753)
- June 4 – François Quesnay, French economist (d. 1774)
- June 26 – Georg Brandt, Swedish chemist and mineralogist (d. 1768)
- June 27 – John Michael Rysbrack, Flemish sculptor (d. 1770)
- July 4 – Louis-Claude Daquin, French composer (d. 1772)
- August 5 – Leonardo Leo, Italian composer (d. 1744)
- August 8 – Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (d. 1746)
- August 26 – Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (d. 1755)
- September 22 – Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield, English statesman and man of letters (d. 1773)
- September 25 – Henry Pelham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1754)
- October 26 – Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (d. 1758)
- November 21 – Voltaire, French philosopher (d. 1778)
- November 28 – Leopold, Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (d. 1728)
- December 22 – Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (d. 1768)
- January 2 – Henry Booth, 1st Earl of Warrington, English politician (b. 1651)
- January 7 – Charles Gerard, 1st Earl of Macclesfield (b. c.1618)
- February 4 – Natalya Naryshkina, Tsaritsa of Russia (b. 1651)
- April 27 – John George IV, Elector of Saxony (b. 1668)
- June 17 – Philip Howard, English Roman Catholic Cardinal (b. 1629)
- August 8 – Antoine Arnauld, French philosopher and mathematician (b. 1612)
- August 22 – Maria Sofia De la Gardie, Swedish countess and industrialist (b. 1627)
- October 15 – Samuel von Pufendorf, German jurist (b. 1632)
- November 22 – John Tillotson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1630)
- November 25 – Ismaël Bullialdus, French astronomer (b. 1605)
- November 28 – Matsuo Bashō, Japanese poet (b. 1644)
- November 29 – Marcello Malpighi, Italian physician (b. 1628)
- December 2 – Pierre Puget, French artist (b. 1622)
- December 28 – Queen Mary II of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1662)
- date unknown – Hafız Post, Turkish musician