1696 in science
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History of science
- Daniel Le Clerc publishes Histoire de la médecine in Geneva, the first comprehensive work on the subject.
- Guillaume de l'Hôpital publishes Analyse des Infiniment Petits pour l'Intelligence des Lignes Courbes, the first textbook on differential calculus, including a statement of his rule for the computation of certain limits.
- Jakob Bernoulli and Johann Bernoulli solve the brachistochrone curve problem, the first result in the calculus of variations.
- April 30 – Robert Plot, English naturalist and chemist (born 1640)
- Jean Richer, French astronomer (born 1630)
- "History of Medicine: Bibliography". 1902 Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2011-10-10.
- O'Connor, J. J.; Robertson, E. F. (December 2008). "Guillaume François Antoine Marquis de L'Hôpital". The MacTutor History of Mathematics archive. School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St Andrews. Retrieved 2011-06-03.