1699 in England
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Events from the year 1699 which occurred in the Kingdom of England.
- Monarch – William III
- January 19 – Parliament limits the size of the country's standing army to 7,000 'native born' men. The King's Dutch Blue Guards hence cannot serve in the line. By Act of February 1, it also requires disbandment of foreign troops in Ireland.
- June 11 – England, France and the Dutch Republic agree on the terms of the Second Partition Treaty for Spain.
- June 14 – Thomas Savery demonstrates his first steam pump to the Royal Society of London.
- Castle Howard in Yorkshire, designed by Sir John Vanbrugh and Nicholas Hawksmoor, is begun.
- John Blow is appointed to the newly created post of Composer to the Chapel Royal.
- Billingsgate Fish Market in London is sanctioned as a permanent institution by Act of Parliament.
- Edward Lhuyd produces the first published scientific treatment of what would now be recognized as a dinosaur, describing and naming a sauropod tooth, "Rutellum implicatum" found at Caswell, near Witney, Oxfordshire.
- May 4 – the beginning of Gulliver's Travels (1726).
- January? – Frank Nicholls, English physician (died 1778)
- July 14 – Vere Beauclerk, 1st Baron Vere, English peer, politician and admiral (died 1781)
- August 13 (bapt.) – John Dyer, Welsh poet (died 1757)
- September 12 – John Martyn, English botanist (died 1768)
- September 29 – Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, English noble and Proprietary Governor of the Province of Maryland (died 1751)
- November 2 – Thomas Holmes, 1st Baron Holmes, English Member of Parliament (died 1764)
- November 5 – Sir Merrik Burrell, 1st Baronet, English politician (died 1787)
- December 19 – William Bowyer, English printer (died 1777)
- Matthew Brettingham, English architect (died 1769)
- Colonel Joshua Fry, English-born surveyor, adventurer, mapmaker, member of the House of Burgesses, and colonel in the American colonies (died 1754)
- January 21 – Obadiah Walker, academic and Master of University College, Oxford from 1676 to 1688 (born 1616)
- January 27 – Sir William Temple, 1st Baronet, statesman and essayist (born 1628)
- February 1 – Sir Thomas Chicheley, politician (born c. 1618)
- February 27 – Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton, politician (born c. 1625)
- March 27 – Edward Stillingfleet, theologian (born 1635)
- June 22 – Sir Josiah Child, merchant, economist, politician and governor of the East India Company (born 1630)
- October 8 (buried) – Mary Beale, portrait painter (born 1633)
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 200–201. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Moody, T. W.; et al., eds. (1989). A New History of Ireland. 8: A Chronology of Irish History. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-821744-2.
- Macy, L. (ed.). "Blow, John". Grove Music Online. Retrieved 2006-12-13.
- 'William III, 1698: An Act for making Billingsgate a Free Market for Sale of Fish. [Chapter XIII. Rot. Parl. 10 Gul. III. p.3. n.4.]', Statutes of the Realm: volume 7: 1695–1701 (1820), pp. 513–14 accessed: 2013-01-24.
- Lhuyd, E. (1699). Lithophylacii Britannici Ichnographia, sive lapidium aliorumque fossilium Britannicorum singulari figura insignium. London: Gleditsch and Weidmann.
- Delair, J.B.; Sarjeant, W.A.S. (2002). "The earliest discoveries of dinosaurs: the records re-examined". Proceedings of the Geologists' Association. 113: 185–197. doi:10.1016/S0016-7878(02)80022-0.
- Gunther, R.T. (1945). Early Science in Oxford: Life and Letters of Edward Lhuyd, volume 14. Oxford.
- Information on Joshua Fry's birth and death.