|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Centuries:||2nd century BC – 1st century BC – 1st century|
|Decades:||40s BC 30s BC 20s BC – 10s BC – 0s BC 0s 10s|
|Years:||19 BC 18 BC 17 BC – 16 BC – 15 BC 14 BC 13 BC|
|16 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||16 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||738|
|Ancient Greek era||191st Olympiad (victor)¹|
|Chinese calendar||甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
2681 or 2621
— to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
2682 or 2622
|Coptic calendar||−299 – −298|
|Ethiopian calendar||−23 – −22|
|- Vikram Samvat||41–42|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3086–3087|
|Iranian calendar||637 BP – 636 BP|
|Islamic calendar||657 BH – 656 BH|
|Julian calendar||16 BC|
|Minguo calendar||1927 before ROC
|Seleucid era||296/297 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||527–528|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 16 BC.|
Year 16 BC was either a common year starting on Monday, Tuesday or Wednesday or a leap year starting on Monday or Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar (the sources differ, see leap year error for further information) and a common year starting on Sunday of the Proleptic Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Ahenobarbus and Scipio (or, less frequently, year 738 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 16 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus and Publius Cornelius Scipio are Roman consuls.
- Noricans having joined with the Pannonians in invading Histria, are defeated by Publius Silius Nerva, proconsul of Illyricum.
- Noricum is incorporated into the Roman Empire.
- Caesar Augustus reorganizes German provinces, makes Trier their capital.
- Roman legate Marcus Lollius is defeated by a Germanic horde.
- Approximate date of construction of the Roman temple of Maison Carrée at Nîmes (Colonia Nemausus) in Gallia Narbonensis.
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- Cornelia Scipio, daughter of Publius Cornelius Scipio Salvito and Scribonia (b. c. 46 BC)
- Empress Wang