16th Air Army
|16th Red Banner Air Army
– XXXX –
Memorial badge 16th Air Army
|Country|| Soviet Union
|Branch|| Soviet Air Force
Russian Air Force
|Part of||Group of Soviet Forces in Germany|
|Engagements||World War II|
The 16th Red Banner Air Army (Russian: 16-я воздушная Краснознамённая армия) was the most important formation of the Special Purpose Command. Initially formed during the Second World War as a part of the Soviet Air Force, it was from c.2002–2009 the tactical air force component of the Moscow Military District, headquartered at Kubinka. The 16th Air Army took part in the Battle of Berlin with 28 Aviation divisions and 7 Separate aviation regiments, and was located in East Germany until 1994.
Formation and WW II
The army was formed on August 10, 1942 during the Battle of Stalingrad on the basis of military units and organizations of the 8th Air Army (220th Fighter division and 228 Attack aircraft division), and included the 228th and 291st Assault aviation divisions and two separate aviation regiments. The end of August / beginning of September came the 283rd Fighter division and the 291st Mixed aviation division from the reserve of the Stavka added. The starting inventory stood on 4 September to 152 aircraft types Yak-1, LaGG-3, IL-2 and Pe-2. Until the beginning of the first jobs whose number has been increased to 300. It took part in Operation Uranus as part of the Don Front in November–December 1942, being commanded by Sergei Rudenko.
It was involved in the Battle of Kursk, and was part of the First Belorussian Front for the liberation of Belarus, the Lublin-Brest Offensive, and the assault on Berlin. For a long period after the war, the army was stationed with the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany (GSFG), headquartered at Zossen-Wünsdorf. In 1949, it was renamed to 24th Air Army, but was reformed as the 16th Air Army in 1968.
On 29 April 1945, Stavka directive No. 11095 was issued (effective from 10.6.45), by which order the 1st Belorussian Front became the Group of Soviet Occupation Forces in Germany (GSOFG). The order also promulgated the new structure of 16th Air Army.
In the 1990s (GSFG, WGF)
The 16th Air Army ceremonially said farewell to Germany at the Sperenburg Open Day on 27 May 1994. On that day the Air Army Headquarters was moved to Kubinka in the Moscow Military District. However the last aircraft from the 226th Separate Mixed Aviation Regiment did not leave Sperenberg Airfield until 6 September 1994. A visiting Il-76MD was the last aircraft movement three days later.
In 1989 it consisted of subordinate units and formations as follows:
- Headquarters, Zossen-Wünsdorf
- 6th Guards Fighter Aviation Division (Merseburg)
- 16th Guards Fighter Aviation Division (Damgarten)
- 126th Fighter Aviation Division (Zerbst)
- 35th Fighter Aviation Regiment (Zerbst)
- 833rd Fighter Aviation Regiment (Altes Lager (Menzlin))
- 125th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Division (Rechlin)
- 19th Guards Fighter-Bomber Aviation Regiment (Lerz)
- 20th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Regiment (Groß Dölln)
- 105th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Division (Großenhain)
- 296th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Regiment (Großenhain)
- 559th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Regiment (Finsterwalde)
- 911th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Regiment (Brand)
- Separate units, directly subordinated to the 16th Air Army
- 11th Separate Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment (Welzow, later withdrawn to North Caucasus and joined 4th Air Army)
- 226th Separate Mixed Aviation Regiment (Sperenberg, later relocated to Kubinka, see below)
- 357th Separate Assault Aviation Regiment (Brandis, Germany)
- 368th Separate Assault Aviation Regiment (Tutow, later withdrawn to North Caucasus and joined 4th Air Army)
- See also
Airfields on German territory
|site||call sign||coms center
|Ahlstedt||«vodoyom (Russian: водоём)»||«tonus (тонус)»||tbd|
|Altenburg airfield||«proran (проран)»||«stolbik (столбик)»|
|Altes Lager airfield||«lektsya (лекция)»||«kniga (книга)»|
|Brand airfiel||«zveroboy (зверобой)»||«prosyolok (просёлок)»|
|Brandis airfield||«zapayka (запайка)»||«optika (oптика)»|
|Damgarten airfield||«sobol (cоболь)»||«urozhay (урожай)»|
|Dresden||«aryol (aрёол)»||«mebel, lira (мебель, лира)»||tbd|
|Falkenberg airfield||«baikal (байкал)»||«samokatsik (самокатчик)»|
|Finow airfield||«narzan (нарзан)»||«napayka, meshalka (напайка мешалка)»|
|Finsterwalde airfield||«gorodok (городок)»||«probar (проба)»|
|Grossenhain airfield||«ararat (aрарат)»||«tsekan bagatzrskiy (чекан, богатырский)»|
|Köthen airfield||«zemelnyi (земельный)»||«zenitnyi (зенитный)»|
|Mahlwinkel||«osenniy (осенний)»||«mukha, uksus (муха, уксус)»|
|Merseburg airfield||«muskat (мускат)»||«tsaevod, radost (чаевод, радость)»|
|Neuruppin||«khuydor (хуторок)»||«powodok, plavshchik (поводок, плавщик)»|
|Nohra||«voevoda (воевода)»||«nagrad (нагар)»|
|Oranienburg airfield||«zadar (задар)»||«rtunyi (ртутный)»|
|Parchim aifield||«pushistyi (пушистый)»||«klits (клич)»|
|Rechlin–Lärz Airfield||«gusar (гусар)»||«metallist (металлист)»|
|Stendal-Borstel aifield||«kukan (кукан)»||«kumysny (кумысный)»|
|Sperenberg airfield||«souvenir (сувенир)»||«izvoztsik (извозчик)»|
|Tenplin aifield (Groß Dölln)||«leopard (леопард)»||«nozh, povelitel (нож, повелитель)»|
|Tutow aifield (Demmin)||«baas (баас)»||«serdolik (сердолик)»|
|Welzow aifield||«baas (баас)»||«serdolik (сердолик)»|
|Werneuchen aifield||«galerny (лагерный)»||«postament (постамент)»|
|Wittstock aifield||«gazovy (газовый)»||«postament (подкос, водонос)»|
|Zerbst||«karetny (каретный)»||«kinzhal, tsaynik (кинжал, чайник)»|
In the Russian Federation
On 1 June 1998, the 16th Air Army was disbanded and its units incorporated into the Moscow District of VVS and PVO, in accordance with the amalgamation of the Air Forces and the Russian Air Defence Forces. This was quickly reversed and on 25 November 1998, the 16th Composite air corps was re-raised. The 16th Composite air corps was reformed as the 16th Air Army on 1 February 2002.
Savasleyka is another airbase within the Moscow Military District's boundaries, but its exact operational status is currently unclear, as the formerly resident unit, the 54th Guards fighter aviation regiment, was not listed as operational in the most widely available recent survey of Russian air power, which was done by Air Forces Monthly in August and September 2007. The 54th Guards fighter aviation regiment had previously been withdrawn from Vainode Air Base in Latvia. Russian internet sources now say it has been reorganised as the 3958th Air Base.
The 16th Air Army will soon receive two regiments of the advanced Su-34 Fullback fighter-bombers in the near future. General Belevitch said the 16th Air Army would also receive MiG-29SM Fulcrum fighters to replace outdated MiG-29s and modernized Su-25 Frogfoot close support aircraft, which showed outstanding performance during operations in Afghanistan, Chechnya and other "hot spots."
In 2009 the Russian Air Force was extensively reorganised. Details as to the correct structure might be critical. However, in line to the Combat Aircraft magazine's June 2010 issue the following information was published:
- 237th Guards air technology demonstration centre – Kubinka ( MiG-29, Su-27, Su-27M, L-39C)
- 226th Separate mixed aviation regiment – Kubinka
- 83th Separate communications regiment – Kubinka
- 105th Mixed aviation division, Voronezh
- 47th Reconnaissance aviation regiment – Shatalovo (MiG-25 and Su-24MR in service)
- 14th Fighter aviation regiment – Kursk Vostochny Airport (MiG-29)
- 28th Guards fighter aviation regiment – Andreapol (air base) (MiG-29)
- 45th Separate helicopter regiment – Kaluga (attack helicopter, Mi-9 (airborne command post and relay))
- 440th Separate helicopter regiment – Vyazma (attack helicopter, Mil Mi-9)
- 490th Separate helicopter regiment – Tula (attack helicopter, Mil Mi-9)
Commanding generals of the 16th Air Army were as follows:
- Pavel Stepanov, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1942)
- Sergey Rudenko, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1942-1947)
- Filipp Agaltsov, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1947-1949)
- Vyatseslv Zabaluev, Major general of the aviation (1949-1950)
- Konstantin Vershinin, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1950-1951)
- Ivan Podgorny, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1951-1954)
- Evgeny Loginov, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1954-1956)
- Geory Zimin, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1956-1960)
- Ivan Pstygo, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1960-1967)
- Aleksey Katrits, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1967-1973)
- Aleksandr Babaev, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1973-1978)
- Vladimir Korotskin, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1978-1983)
- Aleksey Goryaniov, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1983-1987)
- Yevgeny Shaposhnikov, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1987-1988)
- Anatoly Trasenko, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1988-1993)
- Boris Kazatsky, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1993-1998)
- Valery Retunsky, Lieutenant general of the aviation (1998-2007)
- Aleksandr Belevits, Major general of the aviation (2007-2009)
- Uranus Order of Battle
- Holm, Michael. "16th Red Banner Air Army". ww2.dk. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- Chris Lofting & Kieron Pilbeam, 'Sperenburg,' Air Forces Monthly, February 1995, p. 41.
- Pyotr Butowski, Air Power Analysis: Russian Federation, Part 2, International Air Power Review, AIRTime Publishing, No.13, Summer 2004, ISBN 1-880588-84-6, p.87
- Советские войска в Германии, 1945-1994 : памятный альбом / Sowjetische Truppen in Deutschland : 1945-1994 : Gedenkalbum [Soviet Troops in Germany, 1945–1994: Memorial Album] (in Russian and German). Moscow: Molodaya Gvardiya. 1994. p. 22. ISBN 5-235-02221-1.
- See also Michael Holm, 105th Fighter-Bomber Aviation Division, accessed November 2011
- Separate units list is translated from http://www.genstab.ru/gsvg_16.htm, translation of base names from Orbat.com, Archive – Warsaw Pact in 1989
- 'Twin Base Training,' Air Forces Monthly, December 2002
- Russia to equip two air regiments with Su-34 strike planes soon
- Structure drawn from Air Forces Monthly, July 2007 issue, p.82.
- Woezik, Rene van, and Lok, Joris Janssen, "Working up to leaving: despite withdrawal, the Soviet Air Force in Germany is being modernised", Jane's Defence Weekly, Vol. 16, No. 10, Sept 7, 1991 p415(2) (ISSN 0265-3818) Jane's Information Group.
- Soviet ORBAT from last years in Germany (Russian)
- http://www8.brinkster.com/vad777/russia/air/va/16va_mvo.htm (Russian)
- http://oko-planet.su/politik/politikarm/13853-v-rossijskoj-armii-sozdano-komandovanie-vozdushno.html – new Operational-Strategic Command for Air and Space Defence reported. The command will be established by the end of 2010 and located at Balashikha near Moscow, where the previous 1st Air Defence Corps was located.