16th Lok Sabha

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Members of the 16th Lok Sabha were elected during the 2014 Indian general election. The elections were conducted in 9 phases from 7 April 2014 to 12 May 2014 by the Election Commission of India.[1] The results of the election were declared on 16 May 2014. The Bharatiya Janata Party (of the NDA) achieved an absolute majority with 282 seats out of 543. Its PM candidate Narendra Modi took office on 26 May 2014 as the 15th prime minister of independent India. The first session was scheduled to be convened from June 4 to June 11, 2014.[2] There is no leader of the opposition in the 16th Lok Sabha as the Indian Parliament rules state that a party in the Lok Sabha must have at least 10% of total seats (545) in order to be considered the opposition party. The Indian National Congress (of the UPA) could only manage 44 seats while the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam party from Tamil Nadu came a close third with 37 seats. Mallikarjun Kharge has been declared the leader of the Indian National Congress in the Lok Sabha.[3]

Members[edit]

Seat distribution in the 16th Lok Sabha

Party-wise Distribution of Seats[edit]

Following 36 political parties are represented in 16th Lok Sabha:

Party Abr. Seats Leader in Lok Sabha
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP 281 Narendra Modi
Indian National Congress INC 45(changed after by-election)[7] Mallikarjun Kharge[8]
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam AIADMK 37 P. Venugopal/M. Thambidurai[9]
All India Trinamool Congress AITC 34 Sudip Bandyopadhyay[10]
Biju Janata Dal BJD 20 Bhartruhari Mahtab
Shiv Sena SHS 18 Anant Geete[11]
Telugu Desam Party TDP 18 (2 Mps Joined from YSRCP) Thota Narasimham[12]
Telangana Rashtra Samithi TRS 12 (One Joined from YSRCP) A. P. Jithender Reddy[13]
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) 9 P. Karunakaran
YSR Congress Party YSRCP 6 (3 Mps Joined in TDP & TRS Parties) Mekapati Rajamohan Reddy[14]
Lok Jan Shakti Party LJSP 6 Ram Vilas Paswan[15]
Nationalist Congress Party NCP 6 Tariq Anwar
Samajwadi Party SP 5 Mulayam Singh Yadav
Aam Aadmi Party AAP 4 Bhagwant Mann[16]
Shiromani Akali Dal SAD 4 Ranjit Singh Brahmpura
Independent IND 4 -
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD 3 Tasleem Uddin
All India United Democratic Front AIUDF 3 Badruddin Ajmal
Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic Party JKPDP 3 Mehbooba Mufti
Rashtriya Lok Samata Party RLSP 3 Upendra Kushwaha
Apna Dal AD 2 Anupriya Patel
Indian National Lok Dal INLD 2 Charanjeet Singh Rori
Indian Union Muslim League IUML 2 E. Ahmed
Janata Dal (Secular) JD(S) 2 H. D. Deve Gowda
Janata Dal (United) JD(U) 2 Kaushalendra Kumar
Jharkhand Mukti Morcha JMM 2 Shibu Soren
All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen AIMIM 1 Asaduddin Owaisi
All India N.R. Congress AINRC 1 R. Radhakrishnan
Communist Party of India CPI 1 C. N. Jayadevan
Kerala Congress (Mani) KC(M) 1 Jose K. Mani
Naga People's Front NPF 1 Neiphiu Rio
National Peoples Party NPP 1 P. A. Sangma
Pattali Makkal Katchi PMK 1 Anbumani Ramadoss
Revolutionary Socialist Party RSP 1 N. K. Premachandran
Sikkim Democratic Front SDF 1 Prem Das Rai
Swabhimani Paksha SWP 1 Raju Shetti
Vacant -

Criminal background[edit]







Circle frame.svg

Case-wise distribution of the 542 members of the 16th Lok Sabha.[17]

  With serious criminal cases (20.66%)
  With non-serious criminal cases (13.47%)
  Without any criminal cases (65.87%)

About one-third of all winners had at least one pending criminal case against them, with some having serious criminal cases.[18]

Political party Total no. of members No. of members with criminal cases[17] Percentage of members with criminal cases No. of members with serious criminal cases*[17] Percentage of members with serious criminal cases*
Bharatiya Janata Party 282 20 7% 61 21.6%
Indian National Congress 44 8 18% 3 7%
AIADMK 37 6 16% 3 8%
Shiv Sena 18 15 83% 8 44%
All India Trinamool Congress 34 7 21% 4 12%
Others 128 52 41% 33 26%
Total 543 185 34% 112 21%

* Criteria for "serious" criminal cases:[17]

  1. Offence for which maximum punishment is of 5 years or more.
  2. If an offence is non-bailable.
  3. If it is an electoral offence (e.g. IPC 171E or bribery).
  4. Offence related to loss to exchequer.
  5. Offences that are assault, murder, kidnap, rape related.
  6. Offences that are mentioned in Representation of the People Act (Section 8).
  7. Offences under Prevention of Corruption Act.
  8. Crimes against women.

Compared to the 15th Lok Sabha, there is an increase of members with criminal cases. In 2009, 158 (30%) of the 521 members analysed had criminal cases, of which 77 (15%) had serious criminal cases.[17][19]

Financial background[edit]






Circle frame.svg

Asset-wise distribution of the 542 members in the 16th Lok Sabha.[17]

  Assets > 10 crore (US$1.5 million) (24.35%)
  Assets between 5 crore (US$740,000) and 10 crore (US$1.5 million) (12.92%)
  Assets between 1 crore (US$150,000) and 5 crore (US$740,000) (44.46%)
  Assets < 1 crore (US$150,000) (18.27%)

Out of the 542 members analysed, 443 (82%) are having assets of 1 crore (US$150,000) or more. In the 15th Lok Sabha, out of 521 members analysed, 300 (58%) members had assets of 1 crore (US$150,000) or more.[17]

The average assets per member are 14.7 crore (US$2.2 million) (in 2009, this figure was 5.35 crore (US$800,000)).

Political party No. of members Average assets per member[17]
Bharatiya Janata Party 282 11.5 crore (US$1.7 million)
Indian National Congress 44 16.7 crore (US$2.5 million)
AIADMK 37 6.4 crore (US$950,000)
All India Trinamool Congress 34 2.5 crore (US$370,000)
Others 146 25.0 crore (US$3.7 million)
Total 543 14.7 crore (US$2.2 million)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Elections – 2014 : Schedule of Elections" (PDF). 5 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "First Session of 16th Lok Sabha scheduled from June 4 to 11". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Kharge to lead Congress in Lok Sabha | Business Line
  4. ^ "New responsibility a challenge: Mahajan". The Hindu. 6 June 2014. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  5. ^ "No Leader of the Opposition in the 16th Lok Sabha". NDTV. June 9, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Congress wrests back Ratlam in Madhya Pradesh from BJP in by-election, its tally goes up to 45 in Lok Sabha". CNN-IBN. 24 November 2015. 
  7. ^ "Congress wrests back Ratlam in Madhya Pradesh from BJP in by-election, its tally goes up to 45 in Lok Sabha". CNN-IBN. 24 November 2015. 
  8. ^ Rahul ducks, Kharge to lead Congress in Lok Sabha - Hindustan Times
  9. ^ L. Renganathan (18 August 2014). "Venugopal to become AIADMK leader in LS". The Hindu. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  10. ^ "Sudip Bandopadhyay to be TMC party leader in Lok Sabha". Kolkata: Zee News. 18 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  11. ^ "Sena MP's 'saffron flag atop Red Fort' remark invites Opposition ire". Indian Express. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  12. ^ "Satyanarayana Chowdary named TDP Parliamentary Party leader". The Economic Times. 4 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "Jitender Reddy to lead TRS MPs in LS". Hyderabad: The Hindu. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  14. ^ వైఎస్ఆర్ సిపి పార్లమెంటరీ పార్టీ నేతగా మేకపాటి
  15. ^ "Ram Vilas Paswan elected LJSP parliamentary party leader". The Economic Times. 19 May 2014. Retrieved 17 June 2014. 
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h Association for Democratic Reforms
  18. ^ A third of MPs have criminal cases, Shiv Sena tops list: report | NDTV.com
  19. ^ Every third newly-elected MP has criminal background - The Times of India

External links[edit]