16th New Zealand Parliament

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The 16th New Zealand Parliament was a term of the New Zealand Parliament. It was elected at the 1905 general election in December of that year.

Changes to the electoral law[edit]

The 1903 City Single Electorates Act declared that at the dissolution of the 15th Parliament, the four multi-member electorates would be abolished and replaced each with three single-member electorates.[1] It was also the year absentee voting was introduced for all electors unable to be in their own electorate on election day. The first Chief Electoral Officer was appointed.

Accordingly, the multi-member urban electorates of City of Auckland, City of Christchurch, City of Dunedin and City of Wellington were abolished and replaced with the following single-member seats:

Nine of these twelve electorates had existed before. Wellington Central, Wellington North, and Dunedin North were established for the first time.[2]

1905 general election[edit]

The 1905 general election was held on Wednesday, 6 December in the general electorates and on Wednesday, 20 December in the Māori electorates, respectively.[3] A total of 80 MPs were elected; 38 represented North Island electorates, 38 represented South Island electorates, and the remaining four represented Māori electorates.[4] 476,473 voters were enrolled and the official turnout at the election was 83.3%.[3]


The 16th Parliament sat for four sessions (there were two sessions in 1906), and was prorogued on 29 October 1908.[5]

Session Opened Adjouned
first 27 June 1906 29 June 1906
second 21 August 1906 29 October 1906
third 27 June 1907 25 November 1907
fourth 29 June 1908 10 October 1908


The Liberal Government of New Zealand had taken office on 24 January 1891.[6] The Seddon Ministry under Richard Seddon had taken office in 1893 during the term of the 11th Parliament.[7] The Seddon Ministry remained in power for the whole term of this Parliament and held power until Seddon's death on 10 June 1906.[8] Seddon was travelling overseas at the time of his death, and William Hall-Jones was a reluctant acting Premier at the time. Joseph Ward would normally have been acting Premier, but he was also overseas.[9] So upon Seddon's death, Hall-Jones was sworn in as Prime Minister (the first time this new title was used) and formed the Hall-Jones Ministry on 21 June 1906.[9][10] Upon Ward's return from overseas, the leadership was offered to him, which he accepted. Hall-Jones resigned as Prime Minister, succeeded by Ward who formed the Ward Ministry on 6 August 1906.[9] The Ward Ministry remained in power for the remainder of the parliamentary term and subsequently until Ward's resignation as Prime Minister in 1912.[11][12]

Initial composition of the 16th Parliament[edit]

The following are the results of the 1905 general election:


 Liberal    Conservative    New Liberal    Liberal-Labour    Independent Liberal    Independent  

[v · t · e] Electorate results for the New Zealand general election, 1905[13][14]
Electorate Incumbent Winner Majority Runner up
General electorates
Ashburton John McLachlan 244 John Studholme
Auckland Central New electorate Alfred Kidd L J Bagnall
Auckland East New electorate Frederick Baume Harry Bamford
Auckland West New electorate Charles Poole James Parr
Avon William Tanner John Russell Brunt
Awarua Joseph Ward Henry Woodnorth
Bay of Islands Robert Houston John Charles Johnson
Bay of Plenty William Herries J Foster
Bruce James Allen W D Mason
Buller James Colvin Frank Isitt
Caversham Thomas Sidey 1,760 William Earnshaw
Chalmers Edmund Allen W Pryor
Christchurch East New electorate Thomas Davey Henry Featherston Toogood
Christchurch North New electorate Charles Gray 1,084 Tommy Taylor
Christchurch South New electorate Harry Ell C H Winny
Clutha James Thomson Alexander Malcolm D Stewart
Courtenay Charles Lewis T J McBride
Dunedin Central New electorate John A. Millar Alexander Samuel Adam
Dunedin North New electorate Alfred Richard Barclay Harry Bedford
Dunedin South New electorate James Frederick Arnold William Downie Stewart
Eden John Bollard R French
Egmont William Thomas Jennings Charles Leech
Ellesmere Heaton Rhodes George Rennie
Franklin William Massey 935 William Wilson McCardle
Geraldine Frederick Flatman William Jeffries
Grey Arthur Guinness J Petrie
Grey Lynn George Fowlds J Farrell
Hawera Charles E. Major 449 Felix McGuire
Hawke's Bay William Russell Alfred Dillon William Russell
Hurunui Andrew Rutherford Obed Frederick Clothier
Hutt Thomas Wilford George Yerex
Invercargill Josiah Hanan I W Raymond
Kaiapoi David Buddo Richard Moore
Kaipara Alfred Harding John Stallworthy Alfred Harding
Lyttelton George Laurenson 1,108 William Radcliffe
Manawatu Job Vile John Stevens Job Vile
Manukau Matthew Kirkbride R D Stewart
Marsden Francis Mander Robert Thompson
Masterton Alexander Hogg J C Cooper
Mataura Robert McNab Thomas MacGibbon
Motueka Roderick McKenzie Frank Isitt
Mount Ida Alexander Herdman John MacPherson Alexander Herdman
Napier Alfred Fraser 1,469 Montague W. P. Lascelles[15][16]
Nelson John Graham Harry Atmore
Newtown William Henry Peter Barber Thomas William Hislop
Oamaru Thomas Young Duncan J Mitchell
Ohinemuri Edward Moss Hugh Poland Edward Moss
Oroua Frank Lethbridge O C Pleasants
Otaki William Hughes Field B P Brown
Pahiatua William Henry Hawkins Robert Beatson Ross William Henry Hawkins
Palmerston William Wood Frederick Pirani
Parnell Frank Lawry M McLean
Patea Walter Symes John Hine
Rangitikei Arthur Remington J R Sommerville
Riccarton George Witty Thomas Henson Caverhill
Selwyn Charles Hardy Joseph Ivess
Taieri Donald Reid A Marshall
Taranaki Edward Metcalf Smith Henry Okey
Thames James McGowan M Fleming
Timaru William Hall-Jones Frank Rolleston
Tuapeka James Bennet R Gilkison
Waiapu James Carroll Lissant Clayton
Waikato Frederic Lang Henry Greenslade Frederic Lang
Waikouaiti Thomas Mackenzie Edward Henry Clark
Waipawa Charles Hall 1,254 George Hunter
Wairarapa Walter Clarke Buchanan J. T. Marryat Hornsby Walter Clarke Buchanan
Wairau Charles H. Mills John Duncan
Waitaki William Steward 1,643 G Dash
Waitemata Ewen Alison 971 Cecil Clinkard
Wakatipu William Fraser Michael Gilfedder
Wallace John Charles Thomson Dugald Macpherson
Wanganui Archibald Willis James Thomas Hogan 924 Archibald Willis
Wellington Central New electorate Francis Fisher 445 Patrick O'Regan
Wellington East New electorate John Aitken 19 William McLean
Wellington North New electorate Charles Hayward Izard 660 John Duthie
Westland Richard Seddon Harry Cowin
Māori electorates
Eastern Maori Wi Pere Āpirana Ngata Wi Pere
Northern Maori Hone Heke Ru Reweti
Southern Maori Tame Parata Hopere Uru
Western Maori Henare Kaihau 1,688 Tureiti Te Heuheu Tukino V

By-elections during 16th Parliament[edit]

There were a number of changes during the term of the 16th Parliament.

Electorate and by-election Date Incumbent Cause Winner
Westland 1906 13 July Richard Seddon Death Tom Seddon
Manukau 1906 6 December Matthew Kirkbride[17] Death Frederic Lang[18]
Taranaki 1907 4 May Edward Metcalf Smith[19] Death Henry Okey[20]
Tuapeka 1908 5 June James Bennet Death William Chapple


  1. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 67.
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, pp. 262, 276.
  3. ^ a b "General elections 1853–2005 - dates & turnout". Elections New Zealand. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  4. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 90.
  5. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 69.
  6. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 40.
  7. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 40–41.
  8. ^ Hamer, David. "Seddon, Richard John - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c Hall-Jones, John. "Hall-Jones, William 1851-1936". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  10. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 42.
  11. ^ Bassett, Michael. "Ward, Joseph George 1856–1930". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  12. ^ Scholefield 1950, pp. 42–43.
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. pp. 1–6. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "The Nominations". XXXVIII (284). Marlborough Express. 29 November 1905. p. 3. Retrieved 8 September 2016. 
  15. ^ "Personal Matters". The Evening Post. LXX (61). 9 September 1905. p. 5. Retrieved 10 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "Deaths". The Evening Post. CXXVIII (72). 22 September 1939. p. 1. Retrieved 10 October 2015. 
  17. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 118.
  18. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 119.
  19. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 139.
  20. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 130.


  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.