16th Street NW

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16th Street Northwest
16th Street in the Dupont Circle neighborhood
16th Street in the Dupont Circle neighborhood
Maintained byDDOT
Length6.4 mi[1] (10.3 km)
LocationNorthwest, Washington, D.C.
South endH Street at Lafayette Park
US 29 (K Street) in Downtown
Massachusetts Avenue at Scott Circle
North end MD 390 in Silver Spring
East15th Street
West17th Street
Sixteenth Street Historic District
1500 block of 16th Street, N.W..JPG
Intersection of 16th and P Streets
16th Street NW is located in the District of Columbia
16th Street NW
16th Street NW is located in the United States
16th Street NW
Location16th St. between Scott Cir. and Florida Ave. NW
NRHP reference No.78003060
Added to NRHPAugust 25, 1978

16th Street Northwest is a prominent north-south thoroughfare in the northwest quadrant of Washington, D.C. Part of the street is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Sixteenth Street Historic District.[2]

Part of Pierre L'Enfant's design for the city, 16th Street begins just north of the White House across Lafayette Park at H Street and continues due north in a straight line passing K Street, Scott Circle, Meridian Hill Park, Rock Creek Park, and the Walter Reed Army Medical Center before crossing Eastern Avenue into Silver Spring, Maryland, where it ends at Georgia Avenue. From K Street to the District line, 16th Street is part of the National Highway System. The Maryland portion of the street is designated Maryland State Highway 390. The entire street is 6.4 miles (10.3 km) long.[1]

The Washington meridian, a prime meridian once in use in the United States, follows the street.


Early in the city's history, many foreign countries opened their embassies on 16th Street because of its proximity to the White House. Many religious denominations followed with churches, earning the street the nickname "Church Row." These include Foundry Methodist (attended by Presidents Hayes and Clinton), First Baptist (attended by Presidents Truman and Carter), the Nineteenth Street Baptist Church which was originally named the First Colored Baptist Church of Washington, D.C. (visited twice by President Barack Obama), St. John's ("Church of the Presidents"), All Souls Unitarian, Universalist National Memorial Church, St. John the Baptist Russian Orthodox Cathedral, founded in 1949 and built in 1958, and Third Church of Christ, Scientist, which was designed by an associate of I.M. Pei in 1972.[3] Shrine of the Sacred Heart is located just off of 16th Street. After most of the embassies moved to Embassy Row and other parts of the city, the churches became more prominent in 16th Street's identity.

House of the Temple on 16th Street NW
Golden Warrior statue, Khazak Embassy on 16th Street NW

Other notable buildings include the Scottish Rite Masons' House of the Temple, Carnegie Institution for Science, Robert Simpson Woodward House, the Warder Mansion, Carter Barron Amphitheater, the Washington, D.C. Jewish Community Center, and the Toutorsky Mansion.

AFL-CIO headquarters at 16th and I Street NW.

The AFL-CIO, American Trucking Association, National Education Association, American Chemical Society, National Geographic Society, and Benjamin Franklin University have prominent buildings on 16th Street. The National Rifle Association was until the late 1990s headquartered on the street.

The northern and central portions of 16th Street — and the Crestwood neighborhood, in particular — have for a half century been the chosen neighborhood of accomplished African Americans in Washington. Known colloquially as "The Gold Coast", these sections of 16th Street are lined with early 20th-century Tudor mansions.[4] As 16th Street continues north through the Shepherd Park neighborhood, the street passes Tudor-style house at 7700 16th Street NW, the scene of a notorious crime, and several houses of worship including the Ohev Sholom synagogue.

The street's proximity to Rock Creek Park and importance as a thoroughfare has made it a natural dividing boundary for Washington neighborhoods. Outside of the downtown area, no neighborhood in the city falls on both sides of 16th Street; the neighborhoods that surround it have 16th as either their eastern or their western boundary. For many years, the wide street was the de facto "boundary" between Caucasian and African-American neighborhoods of the city, especially in the tense years after the 1968 race riots.

A pair of similarly named streets, 16th Street Northeast and 16th Street Southeast, are three miles (5 km) away in the northeast and southeast quadrants of Washington. They are contiguous with each other and parallel to 16th Street NW. There is no 16th Street Southwest, as this space is occupied by → [the National Mall, and the Washington Channel.]←

→ [NOTE:Lafayette Square and the White House sit immediately north of the Mall. The Mall runs to the west from the Capitol building. It is the NW quadrant and is the dividing line between northwest (NW) and southwest(SW). From the east side of the Capitol Building, the northeast (NE) and southeast (SE) quadrant dividing lines are East Capitol Street and South Capitol street. North from the Capitol building, separations are the Mall on the west, and North Capitol Street north of the Capitol] DC city map ←

16th Street World War I Memorial Trees[edit]

In 1920, more than 500 trees were planted along 16th Street between Alaska Avenue and Varnum Street to honor fallen soldiers from World War I. Today, the 16th Street World War I Memorial Trees and their corresponding markers have largely been lost to history.

Ronald Reagan Boulevard[edit]

In July 2005, just before Congress's summer recess, Texas Republican congressman Henry Bonilla quietly introduced resolution H.R. 3525 to rename 16th Street NW "Ronald Reagan Boulevard" in honor of the former president of the United States. Mayor Anthony A. Williams objected on the grounds that the proposal changes Pierre L'Enfant's 1791 design for the city and would have cost an estimated $1 million for new signs and maps. The plan was ultimately quashed by Rep. Tom Davis, chairman of the House Government Reform Committee and a fellow Republican representing Washington's Virginia suburbs.[5]


  1. ^ a b Google (March 3, 2019). "16th Street NW" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  2. ^ Anne H. Helwig and Suzanne Ganschiuietz (January 30, 1978). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Sixteenth Street Historic District". and accompanying 17 photos
  3. ^ Conroy, Sarah Booth (March 18, 1979). "16th Street—The Avenue of Aspirations; A Street Of Dreams". Washington Post. pp. C01.
  4. ^ Lewis, Neil A. (May 19, 1985). "The Shifting 'Gold Coast'". The New York Times. Retrieved April 18, 2010.
  5. ^ Hsu, Spencer (August 5, 2005). "A Roadblock for Reagan". The Washington Post.