1701 in England
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Events from the year 1701 in the Kingdom of England.
- Monarch – William III
- January – Robert Walpole enters Parliament and soon makes his name as a spokesman for Whig policy.
- 23 May – After being convicted of murder and piracy, Captain William Kidd is hanged in London.
- 24 June – The Act of Settlement 1701, by the Parliament of England, becomes law. The crown of Great Britain passes to Sophia, Electress of Hanover and her descendants on the death of Princess Anne, the heiress presumptive to the throne after her brother in law, King William III.
- 7 September – The Treaty of Grand Alliance signed between England, Austria and the Dutch Republic.
- 16 September – Following the death of the deposed James II, his son Prince James Francis Edward Stuart becomes the new claimant to the thrones of Scotland as King James VIII and England as King James III. Louis XIV of France (where James is exiled) recognises him as the rightful heir, as do the Papal States and Spain.
- Jethro Tull invents a drill for planting seeds in rows.
- Foundation of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts in London.
- Opening of the Bevis Marks Synagogue, the oldest synagogue in the United Kingdom in continuous use.
- 14 May – William Emerson, mathematician (died 1782)
- 19 December – Francis Ayscough, clerk of the Closet (died 1763)
- 4 April – Joseph Haines, entertainer and author (year of birth unknown)
- 20 August – Charles Sedley, playwright (born 1639)
- 22 August – John Granville, 1st Earl of Bath, royalist statesman (born 1628)
- 16 September – King James II of England/James VII of Scotland (born 1633)
- 3 October – Joseph Williamson, politician (born 1633)
- 5 November – Charles Gerard, 2nd Earl of Macclesfield, French-born English politician (born c. 1659)
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- "BBC History British History Timeline". Archived from the original on 9 September 2007. Retrieved 3 September 2007.
- "Q&A: Jews in Britain", BBC News, 13 June 2006, accessed 23 November 2010.