1710 in science
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- The Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala is founded in Uppsala, Sweden, as the Collegium curiosorum ("College of the Curious").
- Edmond Halley, comparing his observations with Ptolemy's catalog, discovers the proper motion of some "fixed" stars.
Physiology and medicine
- Alexis Littré, in his treatise Diverses observations anatomiques, is the first physician to suggest the possibility of performing a lumbar colostomy for an obstruction of the colon.
- Stephen Hales makes the first experimental measurement of the capacity of a mammalian heart.
- Jakob Christof Le Blon invents a three-color printing process with red, blue, and yellow ink. Years later he adds black introducing the earliest four-color printing process.
- John Arbuthnot publishes "An argument for Divine Providence, taken from the constant regularity observed in the births of both sexes" in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London.
- April 15 – William Cullen, Scottish physician and chemist (died 1790)
- April 25 – James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer (died 1776)
- May 18 – Johann II Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (died 1790)
- June 10 – James Short, Scottish mathematician and optician (died 1768)
- July 21 – Paul Möhring, German physician and zoologist (died 1792)
- August 20 – Thomas Simpson, English mathematician (died 1761)
- September 3 – Abraham Trembley, Swiss naturalist (died 1784)
- date unknown – William Heberden, English physician (died 1801), who gave the first description of angina pectoris
- February 25 – Daniel Greysolon, Sieur du Lhut, French explorer (born c. 1639)
- July 25 – Gottfried Kirch, German astronomer (born 1639)
- September 19 – Ole Rømer, Danish astronomer (born 1644)
- Jean de Fontaney, French Jesuit mathematician and astronomer (born 1643)