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Millennium: 2nd millennium
November 13: Battle of Sheriffmuir: Jacobite rebels, seeking to restore the House of Stuart to the Scottish throne, are stopped by the ruling House of Hanover.
1715 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1715
Ab urbe condita2468
Armenian calendar1164
Assyrian calendar6465
Balinese saka calendar1636–1637
Bengali calendar1122
Berber calendar2665
British Regnal yearGeo. 1 – 2 Geo. 1
Buddhist calendar2259
Burmese calendar1077
Byzantine calendar7223–7224
Chinese calendar甲午年 (Wood Horse)
4412 or 4205
    — to —
乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4413 or 4206
Coptic calendar1431–1432
Discordian calendar2881
Ethiopian calendar1707–1708
Hebrew calendar5475–5476
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1771–1772
 - Shaka Samvat1636–1637
 - Kali Yuga4815–4816
Holocene calendar11715
Igbo calendar715–716
Iranian calendar1093–1094
Islamic calendar1126–1128
Japanese calendarShōtoku 5
Javanese calendar1638–1639
Julian calendarGregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar4048
Minguo calendar197 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar247
Thai solar calendar2257–2258
Tibetan calendar阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
1841 or 1460 or 688
    — to —
(female Wood-Goat)
1842 or 1461 or 689

1715 (MDCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1715th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 715th year of the 2nd millennium, the 15th year of the 18th century, and the 6th year of the 1710s decade. As of the start of 1715, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.


Breech-loading firearm that belonged to Philip V of Spain, made by A. Tienza, Madrid circa 1715.

For dates within Great Britain and the British Empire, as well as in the Russian Empire, the "old style" Julian calendar was used in 1715, and can be converted to the "new style" Gregorian calendar (adopted in the British Empire in 1752 and in Russia in 1923) by adding 11 days.



  • April 1 – The Battle of Gurdas Nangal begins during the Mughal-Sikh Wars in India, as the Mughal Army begins an eight-month siege of a fortress near Gurdaspur (in what is now the Punjab state), where Sikh General Banda Singh Bahadur and 1,250 of his men have fled. The siege ends on December 7 when the 750 survivors, including Banda Singh, are captured. By June 1716, most of the Sikh prisoners have been tortured, killed and executed, with Banda Singh dying on June 9.
  • April 15 – In the British colonial Province of South Carolina, the Yamasee Confederation launches an attack on English settlements in disputed territory on Good Friday, launching the two-year long Yamasee War. The day before, agents Thomas Nairne, William Bray and Samuel Warner had participated in peace negotiations with the Yamasee at Pocotaligo. [3] Bray and Warner are killed that day, while Nairne is tortured to death and dies on April 17.
  • April 24 – The Battle of Fehmarn takes place in the Baltic Sea as part of the Great Northern War. Ten warships of Denmark, under the command of Christian Gabel, overwhelm a force of Swedish Navy ships led by Carl Wachtmeister. By the time the battle ends the next day, five Swedish ships and 1,626 crewmen have been captured, and another 353 killed. The Danish navy suffers 65 deaths. [4]
  • May 3 – A total solar eclipse is seen across southern England, Sweden and Finland (the last total eclipse visible in London for almost 900 years). English astronomer Edmond Halley (who is using the old style Julian calendar date of April 22) records the first observation noted of the phenomenon of "Baily's beads", in which higher elevations on the moon can be observed obscuring portions of the light moments before and after totality.
  • May 28Rioting begins in England on the birthday of King George I as supporters of the Old Pretender, James of the House of Stuart, begin mass protesting against the rule of the House of Hanover, near London in the towns of Smithfield and Highgate, and the Cheapside financial district in London.
  • June 9King Philip, ruler of the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of Aragon unifies the two governments into a single state, centralizing rule of a unified Kingdom of Spain.
  • June 22 – Tsar Peter I of Russia witnesses the attempt of 45 Dutch and English ships to enter the small harbor at Saint Petersburg and decides that additional harbors are necessary for Russia to be able import Western goods.
  • June 29 – Britain's Treason Act 1714 takes effect, providing for forfeiture to the British Crown of property owned by any person convicted of treason in the Kingdom. The Act remains in effect until June 24, 1718.



Date unknown[edit]


Charles-Nicolas Cochin
Claude Adrien Helvétius
Queen Elisabeth Christine


François Fénelon
Louis XIV of France


  1. ^ "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p48-49
  2. ^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 294–295. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ "Yamassee War", by Michael P. Morris, online South Carolina Encyclopedia (University of South Carolina, 2016)
  4. ^ Lars Ericson Wolke, Sjöslag och rysshärjningar (Naval Battles and Russian Ravages) (Norstedts, 2011) p. 142.
  5. ^ "Trading Places: Old Dock History". Liverpool Museums. Archived from the original on March 24, 2008. Retrieved March 24, 2008.
  6. ^ "Liverpool: The docks". A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 4. British History Online. 1911. pp. 41–43. Archived from the original on May 25, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2008.
  7. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Battle of Sheriffmuir (BTL17)". Retrieved June 20, 2020.
  8. ^ Cates, William L. R. (1863). The Pocket Date Book. London: Chapman and Hall.
  9. ^ According to Coffee: A Dark History.
  10. ^ Hogan, Robert (January 12, 2016). Macmillan Dictionary of Irish Literature. Macmillan International Higher Education. p. 659. ISBN 978-1-349-07795-3.
  11. ^ "BBC - History - Historic Figures: Louis XIV (1638-1715)". www.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved June 9, 2022.