1718 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1718.
- November 1 – Lady Mary Wortley Montagu writes the last of her Turkish Letters, addressed to Alexander Pope.
- November 18 – Voltaire's first play, Oedipus, premières at the Comédie-Française in Paris. This is his first use of the pseudonym. He has been released from the Bastille this year, while Marguerite De Launay, Baronne Staal, begins a two-year sentence.
- The Freethinker (newspaper) is founded by Ambrose Philips and Hugh Boulter.
- Laurence Eusden becomes Poet Laureate of Great Britain.
- Ludvig Holberg becomes a professor at the University of Copenhagen.
- Nicholas Amhurst – Protestant Popery; or, The Convocation (part of the Bangorian Controversy)
- Daniel Defoe (attr.) – A Vindication of the Press
- Charles Gildon – The Complete Art of Poetry
- Mary Hearne – The Lover's Week
- Simon Ockley – The History of the Saracens, volume 2
- Ambrose Philips – The Free-Thinker (periodical)
- Allan Ramsay -Christ's Kirk on the Green (revised version)
- John Ray – Philosophical Letters
- John Strype – The Life and Acts of John Witgift
- John Toland – Nazarenus, or Jewish, Gentile and Mahometan Christianity
- John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester – Remains of the Earl of Rochester
- José de Léón y Mansilla – Soledad tercera
- Charles Beckingham – Scipio Africanus
- John Durant Breval – The Play is the Plot
- Susanna Centlivre – A Bold Stroke for a Wife
- Colley Cibber – The Non-Juror
- Charles Molloy – The Coquet, or the English Chevalier
- Richard Savage – Love in a Veil
- Elkanah Settle and Lewis Theobald – The Lady's Triumph
- Lewis Theobald
- Orestes (opera)
- Pan and Syrinx (opera)
- Voltaire – Œdipe
- Joseph Addison
- Poems on Several Occasions
- The Resurrection
- Richardson Pack – Miscellanies in Verse and Prose
- Alexander Pope – The Iliad of Homer iv
- February 18
- April 7 – Hugh Blair, Scottish rhetorician (died 1800)
- May 16 – Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian philosopher (died 1799
- July 18 – Saverio Bettinelli, Italian Jesuit writer (died 1808)
- April 27 – Jacques Bernard, French theologian (born 1658)
- May 16 – Jonas Danilssønn Ramus, Norwegian historian (born 1649)
- May 22 – Gaspard Abeille, French lyric and tragic poet (born 1648)
- July 28 – Étienne Baluze, French scholar (born 1630)
- October 9 – Richard Cumberland, English philosopher and bishop (born 1631)
- December 6 – Nicholas Rowe, English dramatist (born 1674)
- December 9 – Vincenzo Coronelli Italian encyclopedist (born 1674)
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