1721 Tabriz earthquake

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1721 Tabriz earthquake
1721 Tabriz earthquake is located in Iran
1721 Tabriz earthquake
Date April 26, 1721 (1721-04-26)
Magnitude 7.7 Ms [1]
Epicenter 38°00′N 46°18′E / 38.0°N 46.3°E / 38.0; 46.3Coordinates: 38°00′N 46°18′E / 38.0°N 46.3°E / 38.0; 46.3[1]
Areas affected Iran, Tabriz
Max. intensity VIII–X[2]
Casualties 8,000–250,000

The 1721 Tabriz earthquake occurred on April 26, with an epicenter near the city of Tabriz, Iran. It leveled some three-quarters of the city,[3] including many prominent mosques and schools in the city, and resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of people. The total number of casualties caused by the earthquake is between 8,000 and 250,000;[1][3] it was most likely approximately 80,000.[1][4] At the time that it occurred, the earthquake was popularly interpreted as an omen of misfortune, or a demonstration of godly wrath.[5] The destruction that the earthquake caused was a significant factor in the successful Ottoman takeover of Tabriz in 1722, as well as contributing to Tabriz's economic difficulties during that period.[6][7] It also caused the destruction of some of the city's significant historical monuments.[6] Accounts of the earthquake are often confused with descriptions of the 1727 Tabriz earthquake.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d NGDC. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake". Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Hoseinpur, Maral; Zare, Dr Mehdi (2009). "Seismic Hazard Assessment of Tabriz, a City in the Northwest of Iran" (PDF). Journal of the Earth. Islamic Azad University, Northern Tehran branch. 4 (2): 26. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Matthee 2012, p. 223.
  4. ^ a b Gates, Alexander E.; Ritchie, David (2009). Encyclopedia of Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Infobase Publishing. p. 293. ISBN 0816072701. Retrieved October 7, 2012. 
  5. ^ Conder, Josiah (1830). Persia and China, Volume 12. J. Duncan. p. 193. Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Werner, Christoph (2000). An Iranian Town in Transition: A Social and Economic History of the Elites of Tabriz, 1747-1848. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. pp. 78–79. ISBN 3447043091. Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Baker, Patricia L.; Smith, Hilary (2009). Iran. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 143. ISBN 1841622893. Retrieved October 9, 2012. 


  • Matthee, Rudi (2012). Persia in Crisis: Safavid Decline and the Fall of Isfahan. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1845117450.