1730 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1730.
- January 8 – The Grub Street Journal is launched in London; it will last for 418 issues.
- April – Pietro Metastasio settles in Vienna.
- September/October – Colley Cibber becomes Poet Laureate of the Kingdom of Great Britain.
- December 11 – Voltaire's Brutus is finally staged.
- Joseph Addison – The Evidences of the Christian Religion (posthumous)
- John Banks – The Weaver's Miscellany
- Thomas Cooke as "Scriblerus Tertius" – The Candidates for the Bays
- Philip Doddridge – Free Thoughts on the Most Probable Means of Reviving the Dissenting Interest
- Johann Christoph Gottsched – Versuch einer kritischen Dichtkunst für die Deutschen
- John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey – Observations on the Writings of the Craftsman
- George Lyttelton, 1st Baron Lyttelton – An Epistle to Mr. Pope
- Isaac Rand – Index plantarum officinalium, quas ad materiae medicae scientiam promovendam, in horto Chelseiano (catalogue of plants in Chelsea Physic Garden)
- Jonathan Swift – A Libel on D--- D------, and a Certain Great Lord
- Matthew Tindal – Christianity as Old as Creation
- William Whiston – Life of Samuel Clarke
- William Wotton (posthumous) – A Discourse Concerning the Confusion of Languages at Babel
- Edward Young – Two Epistles to Mr. Pope
- Theophilus Cibber – Patie and Peggy (opera)
- Henry Fielding
- George Lillo – Silvia
- Pierre de Marivaux – Le Jeu de l'Amour et du Hasard
- James Miller – The Humours of Oxford
- John Mottley – The Widow Bewitch'd
- Gabriel Odingsells – Bay's Opera
- James Ralph – The Fashionable Lady
- James Thomson – The Tragedy of Sophonisba
- Stephen Duck – Poems on Several Subjects
- Matthew Pilkington – Poems on Several Occasions
- Elizabeth Thomas – The Metamorphosis of the Town
- James Thomson – The Seasons
- See also 1730 in poetry
- March 27 – Thomas Tyrwhitt, English critic (died 1786)
- April 1 – Salomon Gessner, Swiss painter and poet (died 1788)
- August 20 – Paul Henri Mallet, Swiss historian (died 1807)
- November 10 – Oliver Goldsmith, Anglo-Irish poet and dramatist (died 1774)
- December 6 – Sophie von La Roche (Maria Sophie Gutermann von Gutershofen), German novelist (died 1807)
- Joakim Stulić, Croatian lexicographer (died 1817)
- Tarikonda Venkamamba, Telugu poet (died 1817)
- Unknown date – Thomas Marryat, English medical writer and physician (died 1792)
- Probable year of birth – Charlotte Lennox, Gibraltar-born Scottish novelist and poet (died 1804)
- January 7 – Árni Magnússon, Icelandic scholar (born 1663)
- February 9 – Johann Georg von Eckhart, German historian (born 1664)
- March 20 – Adrienne Lecouvreur, French actress (born 1692)
- July 16 – Elijah Fenton, English poet (born 1683)
- August 16 – Laurence Echard, English historian (born c. 1670)
- September 27 – Laurence Eusden, English Poet Laureate (born 1688)
- October 23 – Anne Oldfield, English actress (born 1683)
- Unknown date – Nedîm, Ottoman poet (born c. 1680)
- Batt, Jennifer. "From the Field to the Coffeehouse: Changing Representations of Stephen Duck." Criticism, Landry, D. and W. Christmas, eds. (47):4, 451–70.
- Blain, Virginia, et al., eds. "Thomas, Elizabeth." The Feminist Companion to Literature in English. New Haven and London: Yale UP, 1990. 1075-1076.
- Andrews, Walter G. "Nedim" in Ottoman Lyric Poetry: An Anthology. pp. 253–255. ISBN 0-292-70472-0.