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This article is about the year 1732.
|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1700s 1710s 1720s – 1730s – 1740s 1750s 1760s|
|Years:||1729 1730 1731 – 1732 – 1733 1734 1735|
|1732 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada – Great Britain –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2485|
|British Regnal year||5 Geo. 2 – 6 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
4428 or 4368
— to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
4429 or 4369
|- Vikram Samvat||1788–1789|
|- Shaka Samvat||1654–1655|
|- Kali Yuga||4833–4834|
|Japanese calendar||Kyōhō 17
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||180 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2274–2275|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1732.|
- January 21st - Russia & Persia sign Treaty of Riascha at Resht.  Based on the terms of the agreement, Russia would no longer establish claims over Persian territories.
- August – Mikhail Gvozdev in the Sviatoi Gavriil makes the first known crossing of the Bering Strait, from Cape Dezhnev to Cape Prince of Wales in Alaska.
- September 16 – The magnitude 5.8 Montreal earthquake occurs in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
- December 7 – The original Theatre Royal, Covent Garden, London (the modern-day Royal Opera House) is opened.
- December – 139 members of the Parlement of Paris exiled by order of King Louis XV secure their recall.
- The Republic of Genoa regains Corsica.
- The world's first lightship is moored at the Nore in the Thames Estuary of England.
- The United Secession Church is formed in Scotland.
- January 17 – Stanislaw August Poniatowski, Polish King, Grand Duke of Lithuania (d. 1798)
- January 24 – Pierre de Beaumarchais, French writer (d. 1799)
- February – Charles Churchill, English poet (d. 1764)
- February 22 – George Washington, first President of the United States (d. 1799)
- March 31 – Joseph Haydn, Austrian composer (d. 1809)
- April 5 – Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French painter (d. 1806)
- April 8 – David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, mathematician, surveyor, scientific instrument craftsman, and public official. (d. 1796)
- April 13 – Frederick North, Lord North, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1792)
- June 21 – Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, German composer (d. 1795)
- September 30 – Jacques Necker, French politician (d. 1804)
- October 6 – Nevil Maskelyne, English Astronomer Royal (d. 1811)
- November 13 – John Dickinson, Governor of Delaware and Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
- December 6 – Warren Hastings, British administrator (d. 1818)
- December 23 – Richard Arkwright, English inventor (d. 1792)
- date unknown
- January 12 – John Horsley, British archaeologist (b. c.1685)
- February 13 – Charles-René d'Hozier, French historian (b. 1640)
- February 17 – Louis Marchand, French organist and harpsichordist (b. 1669)
- February 22 – Francis Atterbury, English bishop and man of letters (b. 1663)
- March 20 – Johann Ernst Hanxleden, German philologist (b. 1681)
- May 20 – Thomas Boston, Scottish church leader (b. 1676)
- July 15 – Woodes Rogers, English privateer and first Royal Governor of the Bahamas (b. c. 1679)
- September 24 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (b. 1654)
- October 31 – Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia (b. 1666)
- December 4 – John Gay, English poet and dramatist (b. 1685)
- date unknown – Jiang Tingxi, Chinese painter, calligrapher, encyclopedist, foreign diplomat to Japan (b. 1669)