1736 in Great Britain
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- Monarch – George II
- Regent – Caroline, Queen Consort (starting 24 May)
- Prime Minister – Robert Walpole (Whig)
- Parliament – 8th
- 14 April – Porteous Riots in Edinburgh. Captain John Porteous orders his men to fire into the mob, causing six deaths.
- 8 May – marriage of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha.
- 18 May – repeal of laws against witchcraft.
- 26 May – Battle of Ackia: British and Chickasaw Native Americans defeat French troops.
- 5 July – Captain Porteous found guilty of murder by the High Court of Justiciary.
- 27 July – riots in east London protesting at Irish immigrants providing cheap labour.
- 7 September – Edinburgh crowd drags Captain Porteous out of his cell in Tolbooth prison and lynches him. The mob beats and hangs him to death.
- c. October – Winchester County Hospital, established by Prebendary Alured Clarke, the first voluntary general hospital in the English provinces, begins to function in Hampshire.
- George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney becomes the first Field Marshal of Great Britain.
- Gin Act 1736 attempts to curtail consumption of gin.
- 53 houses in the Northamptonshire town of Stony Stratford are consumed by fire.
- Sir Matthew Hale's legal treatise Historia Placitorum Coronæ; or The History of the Pleas of the Crown (posthumous).
- Isaac Newton's book Method of Fluxions.
- 19 January – James Watt, inventor (died 1819)
- 29 February – Ann Lee, founder of the Shakers (died 1784)
- 10 May – George Steevens, literary critic (died 1800)
- 25 June – John Horne Tooke, politician and philologist (died 1812)
- 27 October – James Macpherson, poet (died 1796)
- date unknown – Alexander Runciman, painter (died 1785)
- 7 February – Stephen Gray, dyer, astronomer and scientist (born 1666)
- 25 March – Nicholas Hawksmoor, architect (born c. 1661)
- 7 September – Captain John Porteous, soldier (born c. 1695)
- undated – Bay Bolton, racehorse (born 1705)
- Pryde, E. B., ed. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology. Cambridge University Press. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-521-56350-5.
- Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 215–216. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Hostettler, John (2002). The Red Gown: the Life and Works of Sir Matthew Hale. Chichester: Barry Rose Law Publishers. p. 151. ISBN 1-902681-28-2.