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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1710s 1720s 1730s – 1740s – 1750s 1760s 1770s|
|Years:||1738 1739 1740 – 1741 – 1742 1743 1744|
|1741 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Austria – Canada –Denmark – France – Great Britain – Ireland – Norway – Russia – Scotland –Sweden –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2494|
|British Regnal year||14 Geo. 2 – 15 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
4437 or 4377
— to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
4438 or 4378
|- Vikram Samvat||1797–1798|
|- Shaka Samvat||1663–1664|
|- Kali Yuga||4842–4843|
|Japanese calendar||Genbun 6 / Kanpō 1
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||171 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2283–2284|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1741.|
1741 (MDCCXLI) was a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Julian calendar, the 1741st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 741st year of the 2nd millennium, the 41st year of the 18th century, and the 2nd year of the 1740s decade. As of the start of 1741, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1918.
- April – The New York Slave Insurrection, a plot to set fire to New York City, is discovered.
- April 10 – An Austrian army is defeated by Prussian troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz.
- May – Vitus Bering sets out from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky to map the coasts of Siberia and Alaska.
- May – Spanish victory in Battle of Cartagena de Indias over Great Britain.
- June 25 – Maria Theresa of Austria is crowned Queen Regnant of Hungary in Bratislava.
- July 8 – Jonathan Edwards gives "Sinners in the hands of an Angry God" sermon
- July 15 – Alexei Chirikov sights land in Southeast Alaska and sends some men aboard his ship ashore in a longboat, making them the first Europeans to visit Alaska.
- August 10 – Battle of Colachel: The Raja of Travancore defeats a Dutch East India Company naval expedition.
- November 25-26 – Franco-Bavarian troops commanded by Maurice of Saxony storm Prague.
- December 6 – Elizabeth of Russia becomes czarina after a palace coup.
- December 19 – Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia.
- December 25 – Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale, Centigrade the predecessor of the Celsius scale.
- Stemmatographia by Hristofor Zhefarovich, regarded as the first Serbian and Bulgarian secular printed book, is printed in Vienna.
- The population of China reaches c. 143 million.
- Royal Order of Scotland is founded.
- January 14 – Benedict Arnold, American Revolutionary War general and traitor (d. 1801)
- January 27 – Hester Thrale, Welsh diarist (d. 1821)
- February 7 – Henry Fuseli, Swiss painter and writer (d. 1825)
- March 13 – Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1790)
- March 17 – William Withering, British physician (d. 1799)
- March 20 – Jean Antoine Houdon, French sculptor (d. 1828)
- April 14 – Emperor Momozono of Japan (d. 1762)
- May 23 – Andrea Luchesi, Italian composer (d. 1801)
- September 22 – Peter Simon Pallas, German zoologist (d. 1811)
- October 4 – Edmond Malone, Irish scholar (d. 1812)
- October 18 – Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (d. 1803)
- October 24 – Johann August von Starck, German pastor (d. 1816)
- November 15 – Johann Kaspar Lavater, Swiss physiognomist (d. 1801)
- Date unknown – Nikolaos Koutouzis, Greek painter, poet and priest (d. 1813)
- January 15 – Ramon Despuig, 67th Grandmaster of the Knights Hospitaller (b. 1670)
- February 13 – Johann Joseph Fux, Austrian composer (b. 1660)
- February 21 – Jethro Tull, British agriculturist (b. 1674)
- March 17 – Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French poet (b. 1671)
- March 31 – Pieter Burmann the Elder, Dutch classical scholar (b. 1668)
- May 25 – Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German theologian (b. 1660)
- July 28 – Antonio Vivaldi, Italian composer (born 1678)
- August 4 – Andrew Hamilton, American lawyer (b. 1676)
- August 31 – Johann Gottlieb Heineccius, German jurist (b. 1681)
- September 7 – Blas de Lezo, Spanish admiral (b. 1689)
- November 24 – Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (b.1688)
- December 14 – Charles Rollin, French historian (b. 1661)
- December 19 – Vitus Bering, Danish-born explorer (b. 1681)