1748 in music
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- April 12 – Possible premiere of Johann Sebastian Bach's last St Mark Passion pastiche (BC D 5) at St. Thomas Church, Leipzig. In addition to two movements by Bach, he incorporates seven arias from George Frideric Handel's Brockes Passion HWV 48 into the work.
- August 1748–October 1749 – Repeat (possible concert hall) performance by Bach of Handel's Brockes Passion HWV 48 in a version by Bach.
- 1748–1749 – Johann Sebastian Bach composes his Mass in B minor BWV 232 (BC E 1).
- Holywell Music Room, Oxford, England, the first purpose-built concert hall in Europe, is opened.
- Nicola Porpora becomes Kapellmeister at Dresden.
- Gregor Werner — Neuer und sehr curios- Musicalischer Instrumental-Calendar
- Jean-Philippe Rameau
- February – Hedvig Wigert, opera singer (died 1780)
- February 5 – Christian Gottlob Neefe, conductor, teacher (Ludwig van Beethoven was a student), and composer (died 1798)
- March 5 — William Shield, violinist and composer (died 1829)
- April 20 – Georg Michael Telemann, composer (died 1831)
- August 11 – Joseph Schuster, composer (died 1812)
- August 31 – Jean-Étienne Despréaux, singer, dancer and composer (died 1820)
- November 30 – Joachim Albertini, composer (died 1812)
- January 26 – Pierre Rameau, dancing-master (born 1674)
- February 26 – Jean-Baptiste Landé, ballet dancer
- March 7 - William Corbett, violinist and composer (born 1680)
- March 17 - Charles King, choir-master and composer (born 1687)
- March 23 — Johann Gottfried Walther, composer and theoretician (born 1684)
- November 25 — Isaac Watts, hymn writer (born 1674)
- date unknown