|This article does not cite any sources. (January 2016)|
|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1755 1756 1757 – 1758 – 1759 1760 1761|
|1758 by topic:|
|Arts and Sciences|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature (Poetry) – Music – Science|
|Canada –Denmark – France – Great Britain – Ireland – Norway – Scotland –Sweden –|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2511|
|British Regnal year||31 Geo. 2 – 32 Geo. 2|
|Chinese calendar||丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
4454 or 4394
— to —
戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
4455 or 4395
|- Vikram Samvat||1814–1815|
|- Shaka Samvat||1680–1681|
|- Kali Yuga||4859–4860|
|Japanese calendar||Hōreki 8
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 11 days|
|Minguo calendar||154 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2300–2301|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1758.|
1758 (MDCCLVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (dominical letter A) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday (dominical letter D) of the Julian calendar, the 1758th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 758th year of the 2nd millennium, the 58th year of the 18th century, and the 9th year of the 1750s decade. Note that the Julian day for 1758 is 11 calendar days difference, which continued to be used from 1582 until the complete conversion of the Gregorian calendar was entirely done in 1929.
- March – James Abercrombie replaces the Earl of Loudoun as supreme commander in the American colonies. He is replaced himself after failing to take the fort at Ticonderoga.
- April 29 – Battle of Cuddalore: A British fleet under Sir George Pocock engages the French fleet of Anne Antoine, Comte d'Aché indecisively near Madras.
- May 21 – Seven Years' War – French and Indian War: Mary Campbell is abducted from her home in Pennsylvania by Lenape.
- June 12 – Seven Years' War – French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg: James Wolfe's attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences.
- June 23 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Krefeld: Anglo-Hanoverian forces under Ferdinand of Brunswick defeat the French.
- June 30 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Domstadtl: Austrian forces under Ernst Gideon von Laudon and Joseph von Siskovits rout an enormous convoy with supplies for the Prussian army, guarded by strong troops of Hans Joachim von Zieten.
- July 6
- July 8 – Seven Years' War: French and Indian War: French forces hold Fort Carillon against the British at Ticonderoga, New York.
- July 25 – Seven Years' War – French and Indian War: The island battery at Fortress Louisbourg is silenced and all French warships are destroyed or taken.
- August 3 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Negapatam: Off the coast of India, Admiral Pocock again engages d'Aché's French fleet, this time with more success.
- August 25 – Seven Years' War – Battle of Zorndorf: Frederick defeats the Russian army of Count Wilhelm Fermor near the Oder.
- September 3 – Távora affair: attempted assassination of Joseph I of Portugal.
- September 14 – Seven Years' War – French and Indian War: Battle of Fort Duquesne: A British attack on Fort Duquesne (present day Pittsburgh) is defeated.
- October 14 – Seven Years' War: Battle of Hochkirch: Frederick loses a hard-fought battle against the Austrians under Marshal Leopold von Daun, who besieges Dresden.
- November 25 – Seven Years' War: French and Indian War: French forces abandon Fort Duquesne to the British, who then name the area Pittsburgh.
- December 13 – The ship Duke William sinks in the North Atlantic with the loss of over 360 lives while deporting Acadians from Prince Edward Island to France.
- December 25 – Halley's Comet appears for the first time after Halley's identification of it.
- First European settlement in what is now Erie County by the French at the mouth of Buffalo Creek.
- Rudjer Boscovich publishes his atomic theory in Theoria philosophiae naturalis redacta ad unicam legem virium in nalura existentium.
- Fire destroys part of Oslo, then called Christiania.
- Carl Linnaeus publishes the first volume (Animalia) of the tenth edition of his Systema Naturae, the starting point of modern zoological nomenclature.
- The first Isakov family member (Trifun Isakov) is mentioned in Melenci.
- Marquis Gabriel de Lernay, a French officer captured during the Seven Years' War, establishes a military lodge in Berlin with the help of Baron de Printzen, master of The Three Globes Lodge at Berlin, and Philipp Samuel Rosa, a disgraced former pastor.
- January 6 – Charles Ganilh, French economist and politician (d. 1836)
- January 9 – George Leveson-Gower, 1st Duke of Sutherland (d. 1833)
- January 11 – François Louis Bourdon, French Revolutionary politician (d. 1797)
- January 24 – Frederick Ponsonby, 3rd Earl of Bessborough (d. 1844)
- February – John Pinkerton, British antiquarian (d. 1826)
- February 1
- February 2 – George Thicknesse, 19th Baron Audley (d. 1818)
- February 3
- February 25 – Joseph McDowell, U.S. Representative for North Carolina (d. 1799)
- February 28 – Nicolas François, Count Mollien, French financier (d. 1850)
- March 6 – William Russell, U.S. soldier (d. 1825)
- March 9 – Franz Joseph Gall, German pioneering neuroanatomist (d. 1828)
- March 12 – Leopold Karel, Count of Limburg Stirum (d. 1840)
- March 25 – Richard Dobbs Spaight, Governor of North Carolina (d. 1802)
- April 1 – Benjamin Mooers, U.S. soldier (d. 1838)
- April 4
- April 16 – Christian Karl August Ludwig von Massenbach, Prussian soldier (d. 1827)
- April 19 – Fisher Ames, U.S. Congressman for Massachusetts (d. 1808)
- April 22 – Francisco Javier Castaños, 1st Duke of Bailén, Spanish general (d. 1852)
- April 23
- April 27 – Charles Dumont de Sainte-Croix, French zoologist (d. 1830)
- April 28 – James Monroe, 5th President of the United States (d. 1831)
- April 29 – Georg Carl von Döbeln, Swedish officer, general and war hero (d. 1820)
- April 30
- May 6
- May 8 – John Heath, U.S. Representative for Virginia (d. 1810)
- May 15 – Thomas Taylor, English neoplatonist translator (d. 1835)
- May 17
- June 19 – Raffaello Sanzio Morghen, Italian engraver (d. 1833)
- June 22 – Joseph McMinn, governor of Tennessee (d. 1824)
- June 30 – James Stephen, British lawyer (d. 1832)
- July 4 – Charles d'Abancour, French statesman (d. 1792)
- July 25 – Elizabeth Hamilton, English writer (d. 1816)
- July 31 – Jeremiah Colegrove, U.S. farmer, manufacturer and soldier (d. 1836)
- August 2 – William Campbell, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Upper Canada and a resident of Toronto (d. 1834)
- August 5 – Emperor Go-Momozono (d. 1779)
- August 10 – Armand Gensonné, French politician (d. 1793)
- August 14 – Carle Vernet, French painter (d. 1835)
- August 24
- August 25 – Israel Pellew, English naval officer (d. 1832)
- September 1 – George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer, English Whig politician (d. 1834)
- September 9 – Alexander Nasmyth, Scottish portrait and landscape painter (d. 1840)
- September 10 – Hannah Webster Foster, U.S. novelist (d. 1840)
- September 18 – Louis Friant, French Napoleonic soldier (d. 1829)
- September 20 – Jean-Jacques Dessalines, leader of the Haitian Revolution (d. 1806)
- September 21
- September 25 – Maria Anna Thekla Mozart called Marianne, known as Bäsle ("little cousin"), is the cousin of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (d. 1841)
- September 26 – Cosme Argerich, Argentine Surgeon General (d. 1820)
- September 29
- October 6 – Watkin Tench, British Marine officer (d. 1833)
- October 7 – Joshua Coit, U.S. lawyer and politician (d. 1798)
- October 11 – Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers, German astronomer (d. 1840)
- October 12
- October 15 – Johann Heinrich von Dannecker, German sculptor (d. 1841)
- October 16
- October 22/6 – Vincenzo Dandolo, Italian chemist and agriculturist (d. 1819)
- October 28 – John Sibthorp, English botanist (d. 1796)
- October 28 – Joseph-François-Louis-Charles de Damas, French general (d. 1829)
- October 31 – Thomas Gisborne, Anglican priest and abolitionist (d. 1846)
- November 5 – Louis-Marie Aubert du Petit-Thouars, French botanist (d. 1831)
- November 11
- November 12 – Jean Joseph Mounier, French politician (d. 1806)
- November 16 – Peter Andreas Heiberg, Danish author and philologist (d. 1841)
- November 20 – Abraham B. Venable, U.S. Representative for Virginia (d. 1811)
- November 25 – John Armstrong, Jr., U.S. soldier and statesman (d. 1843)
- December 5 – George Beauclerk, 4th Duke of St Albans (d. 1787)
- December 9 – Richard Colt Hoare, English antiquarian and archaeologist (d. 1838)
- December 21 – Jean Baptiste Eblé, French general (d. 1812)
- December 23 – John M. Vining, U.S. Representative for Delaware (d. 1802)
- Georges Antoine Chabot, French jurist and statesman (d. 1819)
- Nicholas Fish, U.S. Revolutionary soldier (d. 1833)
- Anthimos Gazis, Greek scholar and philosopher (d. 1828)
- Samuel Hardy, U.S. lawyer and statesman from Virginia (d. 1785)
- Jamphel Gyatso, 8th Dalai Lama of Tibet (d. 1804)
- Charles Lee, U.S. Attorney General (d. 1815)
- Samuel Sterett, American politician, U.S. Representative for Maryland (d. 1833)
- Marie-Claire Heureuse Félicité, Empress of Haiti (d. 1858)
- January 7 – Allan Ramsay, Scottish poet (b. 1686)
- January 17 – James Hamilton, 6th Duke of Hamilton, Scottish peer (b. 1724)
- January 18 – François Nicole, French mathematician (b. 1683)
- February 10 – Thomas Ripley, English architect (b. 1683)
- March 2 – Pierre Guérin de Tencin, French cardinal (b. 1679)
- March 6 – Henry Vane, 1st Earl of Darlington, English politician (b. c. 1705)
- March 18 – Matthew Hutton, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1693)
- March 22
- April 7 – Joseph Blanchard, American soldier (b. 1704)
- April 22 – Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (b. 1686)
- April 30 – François d'Agincourt, French composer (b. 1684)
- May 3 – Pope Benedict XIV (b. 1675)
- May 28 – Ernst August II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar and Eisenach (b. 1737)
- June 3 – Charles Butler, 1st Earl of Arran (b. 1671)
- June 9 – Antonio de los Reyes Correa, Puerto Rican soldier
- June 12 – Prince Augustus William of Prussia (b. 1722)
- July 6 – George Howe, 3rd Viscount Howe, British general (in battle) (b. c. 1725)
- July 7 – Marthanda Varma, Rani of Attingal (b. 1706)
- July 15 – Ambrosius Stub, Danish poet (b. 1705)
- July 18 – Duncan Campbell, Scottish soldier
- August 2 – George Booth, 2nd Earl of Warrington (b. 1675)
- August 15 – Pierre Bouguer, French mathematician (b. 1698)
- August 17 – Stepan Fyodorovich Apraksin, Russian soldier (b. 1702)
- August 27 – Barbara of Portugal, Princess of Portugal and Queen of Spain (b. 1711)
- September 5 – Dmitry Ivanovich Vinogradov, Russian chemist (b. c. 1720)
- September 23 – John FitzPatrick, 1st Earl of Upper Ossory (b. 1719)
- October 2 (bur.) – Philip Southcote, English landscape gardener (b. 1698)
- October 12 – Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
- October 14
- Wilhelmine of Prussia, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, daughter of Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia (b. 1709)
- James Francis Edward Keith, Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal (b. 1696)
- October 20 – Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough, British politician (b. 1706)
- October 25/8 – Theophilus Cibber, English actor (b. 1703)
- November 5 – Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (b. 1686)
- November 12 – John Cockburn, Scottish politician
- November 20 – Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (b. 1694)
- November 22 – Richard Edgcumbe, 1st Baron Edgcumbe, English politician (b. 1680)
- December 5 – Johann Friedrich Fasch, German composer (b. 1688)
- December 12 – Françoise de Graffigny, French lettrist (b. 1695)
- December 15 – John Dyer, Welsh poet (b. 1699)
- December 16 – Andrzej Stanisław Załuski, Polish-Lithuanian bishop (b. 1695)
- December 25 – James Hervey, English clergyman and writer (b. 1714)
- December 26 – François Joseph Lagrange-Chancel, French dramatist and satirist (b. 1677)
- François Mackandal, Haitian revolutionary leader, burned at the stake
- Nathaniel Meserve, American shipwright (b. 1704)