1765 in Great Britain
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Events from the year 1765 in Great Britain.
- Monarch - George III
- Prime Minister - George Grenville (Whig) (until 13 July), Marquess of Rockingham (Whig) (starting 13 July)
- 8 February - Nevil Maskelyne becomes Astronomer Royal.
- 22 March - Parliament passes the Stamp Act which is the first direct tax levied on the American colonies.
- 24 March - Parliament passes the Quartering Act that requires the 13 American colonies to house British troops.
- 7 May - HMS Victory is launched at Chatham Dockyard; it will enter the 21st century as the oldest naval ship still in commission.
- May - James Watt makes a breakthrough in the development of the steam engine by constructing a model with a separate condenser.
- 21 June - The Isle of Man is brought under British control, the Isle of Man Purchase Act (coming into force 10 May) confirming HM Treasury's purchase of the feudal rights of the Dukes of Atholl as Lord of Mann over the island and revesting them into the British Crown.
- 12 July - George Grenville is dismissed as Prime Minister by King George III.
- 13 July - Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham succeeds Grenville as Prime Minister.
- 7 August - Armed mutiny at Maidstone County Gaol.
- 12 August - Robert Clive secures the rights for the East India Company to collect taxes in Bengal from Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II.
- 2 November - Decision of the King's Bench in Entick v Carrington, a landmark case establishing the civil liberties of individuals and limiting the scope of executive power.
- Lord Mansfield decides the landmark case of Pillans v Van Mierop in English contract law in relation to the doctrine of consideration.
- Taylors & Lloyds Bank established in Birmingham.
- Kedleston Hall in Derbyshire completed.
- William Tryon appointed Governor of North Carolina.
- William Blackstone's influential work Commentaries on the Laws of England begins publication.
- Thomas Percy's ballad collection Reliques of Ancient English Poetry.
- The History of Little Goody Two-Shoes, an anonymous children's story published by John Newbery.
- Mother Goose's Melody, or, Sonnets for the Cradle, a collection of nursery rhymes published by John Newbery (approximate date).
- 13 January - Richard Westall, painter (died 1836)
- 1 February - Charles Hatchett, chemist (died 1847)
- 26 April - Emma, Lady Hamilton, mistress of Horatio Nelson (died 1815)
- 15 June - Henry Thomas Colebrooke, orientalist (died 1831)
- 21 August - King William IV (died 1837)
- 24 October - James Mackintosh, publicist (died 1832)
- 20 November - Sir Thomas Fremantle, captain and politician (died 1819)
- Unknown date in 1765 - James Smithson, whose inheritance after his death in Italy in 1829 will lead to the creation of the Smithsonian Institution in the USA.
- 3 March - William Stukeley, archaeologist (born 1687)
- 5 April - Edward Young, poet (born 1683)
- 10 October - Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (born 1688)
- 31 October - Prince William, Duke of Cumberland, military leader (born 1721)
- 30 November - George Glas, merchant and adventurer (born 1725)
- 3 December - Lord John Philip Sackville, cricketer (born 1713)
- Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1765". The People'plu 7123456890 s Chronology. Thomson Gale.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "The Quartering Act of 1765". ushistory.org. Archived from the original on 6 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-10.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 323. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Hartley Booth, V. E.; Sells, Peter (1980). British extradition law and procedure: including extradition between the United Kingdom and foreign states, the Commonwealth and dependent countries and the Republic of Ireland. Alphen aan den Rijn: Sijthoff & Noordhoff. p. 5. ISBN 978-90-286-0079-9. OCLC 6890466.
- "PMs in history: George Grenville". 10 Downing Street website. Archived from the original on 9 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-10.
- "PMs in history: Marquess of Rockingham". 10 Downing Street website. Archived from the original on 7 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-10.
- Hastings, Paul; Coulson, Ian. "Life in Kent Gaols before 1877". Here's History Kent. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
- 19 Howell's State Trials 1030.
- Baren, Maurice (1996). How It All Began Up the High Street. London: Michael O'Mara Books. p. 94. ISBN 1-85479-667-4.
- "Icons, a portrait of England 1750-1800". Archived from the original on 17 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-25.
- A. H. Bullen's 1904 facsimile of Newbery's 1791 edition of Mother Goose's Melody (on-line)