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1766 ( was a MDCCLXVI) common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1766th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 766th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 66th year of the 18th century, and the 7th year of the 1760s decade. As of the start of 1766, the Gregorian calendar was 11 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
January–June [ edit ]
January 1 – Charles Edward Stuart ("Bonnie Prince Charlie") becomes the new Stuart claimant to the throne of Great Britain, as King Charles III, and figurehead for Jacobitism. 
January 14 – Christian VII becomes King of Denmark.
February 5 – An observer in Wilmington, North Carolina reports to the Edinburgh newspaper Caledonian Mercury that three ships have been seized by British men-of-war, on the charge of carrying official documents without stamps. The strict enforcement causes seven other ships to leave Wilmington for other ports.
February 13 – John Mills is elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, with Benjamin Franklin as one of his sponsors.
February 18 – : Captive Meermin Slave Mutiny Malagasy people seize a Dutch East India Company slave ship in the Indian Ocean.
February 20 – The reports that a British sloop outside of Wilmington, North Carolina has seized a sloop sailing from Pennsylvania Gazette Philadelphia, and another sailing from Saint Christopher, on the charge of carrying official documents without stamps. In response, local residents threaten to burn a Royal Man-of-War attempting to deliver stamps to Wilmington, forcing the ship to return to the mouth of the Cape Fear River.
February 23 – Lorraine becomes French again, on the death of Stanisław Leszczyński, King of Poland and last Duke of Lorraine.
February – Ferocious wolf attacks occur in France, such as the Beast of Gévaudan or Wolves of Périgord.
March 5 – Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans.
March 18 – American Revolution: The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act, which has been very unpopular in the British colonies; the persuasion of Benjamin Franklin is considered partly responsible. The Declaratory Act asserts the right of Britain to bind the colonies in all other respects.
May 30 – The , opens in England. Also this year in England, the surviving Theatre Royal, Bristol opens as a playhouse. Georgian Theatre (Stockton-on-Tees)
July–December [ edit ]
July 1 – François-Jean de la Barre, a young French nobleman, is tortured and beheaded, before his body is burnt on a pyre, along with a copy of Voltaire's nailed to his torso, for the crime of not saluting a Dictionnaire philosophique Roman Catholic religious procession in Abbeville, and for other sacrileges, including desecrating a crucifix.
November 10 – The last Colonial governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, signs the charter of Queen's College (later renamed Rutgers University).
November 27 – An observer in New York City, in the Province of New York, reports to the Pennsylvania Gazette that a British sloop-of-war is searching all vessels passing near Cape Lookout, North Carolina, and that some vessels have been seized.
November 29 – Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart returns to Salzburg, after the Mozart family grand tour of Europe.
December 2 – The Law on the Freedom of Printing abolishes censorship in Sweden and guarantees freedom of the press, making Sweden the first country of the world to introduce constitutional protection of press freedom, and to pass wide-ranging freedom of information legislation.
December 5 – James Christie holds the first sale at Christie's auction house in London.
Date unknown [ edit ]
January 1 – Magdalena Rudenschöld, Swedish conspirator (d. 1823)
January 3 – Nguyễn Du, Vietnamese poet (d. 1820)
January 6 – José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia, Supreme Leader of Paraguay (d. 1840)
February 11 – Henry Fourdrinier, British engineer, inventor (d. 1854)
February 14 – Thomas Malthus, English demographer, economist (d. 1834)
April 6 – Charles Louis de Fourcroy, Chevalier de la Légion D'honneur, French mathematician, scholar (d. 1824)
April 22 – Anne Louise Germaine de Staël, French author (d. 1817)
May 30 – Robert Darwin, medical doctor and father of Charles Darwin (d. 1848)
June 13 – Jean-Frédéric Waldeck, French cartographer (d. 1875)
July 8 – Dominique Jean Larrey, French surgeon, innovator in battlefield medicine (d. 1842)
July 9 – Jacob Perkins, American physicist, inventor and engineer (d. 1849)
July 21 – Thomas Charles Hope, Scottish chemist, discoverer of strontium (d. 1844)
August 6 – William Hyde Wollaston, English chemist (d. 1828)
September 6 – John Dalton, English chemist, physicist (d. 1844)
September 25 – Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis, Duc de Richelieu, Prime Minister of France (d. 1822)
October 23 – Emmanuel de Grouchy, Marquis de Grouchy, French marshal (d. 1847)
November 2 – Joseph Radetzky von Radetz, Austrian field marshal (d. 1858)
December 3 – Barbara Fritchie, U.S. patriot in the Civil War (d. 1862)
December 23 – Wilhelm Hisinger, Swedish physicist and chemist (d. 1852)
date unknown – Lolotte Forssberg, Swedish courtier (d. 1840)
January 1 – James Francis Edward Stuart, The Old Pretender to the British throne (b. 1688)
January 9 – Thomas Birch, English historian (b. 1705)
January 13 – King Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1723)
January 19 – Giovanni Niccolò Servandoni, French architect and painter (b. 1695)
January 21 – James Quin, English actor (b. 1693)
February 5 – Count Leopold Joseph von Daun, Austrian field marshal (b. 1705)
February 23 – Stanisław Leszczyński, King of Poland (b. 1677)
March 10 – Jane Colden, American botanist (b. 1724)
April 4 – John Taylor, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
April 7 – Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch philologist, critic (b. 1685)
May 5 – Jean Astruc, French physician, scholar (b. 1684)
May 8 – Samuel Chandler, English non-conformist minister (b. 1693)
May 20 – Malhar Rao Holkar, Indian nobleman (b. 1693)
May 22 – Hedvig Strömfelt, Swedish psalm writer (d. 1723)
June 24 – Adrien Maurice de Noailles, 3rd Duke of Noailles, French soldier (b. 1678)
July 9 – Jonathan Mayhew, American minister, patriot (b. 1720)
July 11 – Elisabeth Farnese, queen of Philip V of Spain (b. 1692)
July 14 – František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect (b. 1674)
July 17 – Giuseppe Castiglione, Italian missionary to China (b. 1688)
August 13 – Margaret Fownes-Luttrell, English heiress, painter (b. 1726)
September 3 – Archibald Bower, Scottish historian (b. 1686)
September 13 – Benjamin Heath, English classical scholar (b. 1704)
November 7 – Jean-Marc Nattier, French painter (b. 1685)
November 9 – Unico Wilhelm van Wassenaer, Dutch composer (b. 1692)
December 12 – Johann Christoph Gottsched, German writer (b. 1700)
References [ edit ]
Further reading [ edit ]