1775 in Great Britain
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Events from the year 1775 in Great Britain.
- 17 January – first performance of Richard Brinsley Sheridan's play The Rivals at the Covent Garden Theatre in London.
- 9 February – American Revolution: British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion.
- 22 March – American Revolution: Edmund Burke's speech before the British Parliament on conciliation with the American colonies.
- 3 April – Muzio Clementi makes his London debut as a harpsichordist.
- 19 April – the American Revolutionary War begins with the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
- 10 May – American Revolution: Capture of Fort Ticonderoga by Patriot forces.
- 12 May – American Revolution: Battle of Crown Point.
- 12 June – American Revolution: British forces offer a pardon to all colonists who would lay down their arms.
- 16 June – American Revolution: Battle of Bunker Hill.
- 5 July – American Revolution: the Continental Congress sends the Olive Branch Petition to King George III, hoping for a reconciliation.
- 30 July – second voyage of James Cook: HMS Resolution (1771) anchors at Spithead, Captain Cook having completed the first eastabout global circumnavigation.
- 12 August – 3 November: American Revolution – Battle of Fort St. Jean.
- 23 August – American Revolution: refusing to even look at the Olive Branch Petition, King George issues a Proclamation of Rebellion against the American colonies.
- 24 September – American Revolution: Battle of Longue-Pointe.
- 9 December – American Revolution: Battle of Great Bridge – victory by the American Continental Army and militia leads to withdrawal of the British from the Colony of Virginia.
- 30 December – 31 December: American Revolution – Battle of Quebec: British forces repulse an attack by the American Continental Army.
- Industrial Revolution: John Wilkinson (industrialist) invents and patents a new kind of boring machine.
- Industrial Revolution: The 1769 Watt steam engine patent is extended to June 1800 by Act of Parliament and the first engines are built under it.
- Josiah Wedgwood introduces jasperware pottery.
- Actress Sarah Siddons makes her debut at the Drury Lane Theatre as Portia in The Merchant of Venice but is not well received.
- 30 January – Walter Savage Landor, writer (died 1864)
- 10 February
- 12 March – Joseph Chitty, lawyer and legal writer (died 1841)
- 25 November – Charles Kemble, actor (died 1854)
- 14 December – Thomas Cochrane, 10th Earl of Dundonald, admiral (died 1860)
- 16 December – Jane Austen, novelist (died 1817)
- Joseph Mallord William Turner, painter (died 1851)
- 8 January – John Baskerville, printer (born 1706)
- 6 February – William Dowdeswell, politician (born 1721)
- 17 June – Major John Pitcairn, marine (killed in battle) (born 1722)
- 16 September – Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl Bathurst, privy councillor (born 1684)
- 21 November – John Hill, botanist and writer (born c. 1716)
- 7 December – Charles Saunders, admiral (born c. 1715)
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 329. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Scherer, F. M. (1965). "Invention and Innovation in the Watt-Boulton Steam-Engine Venture". Technology and Culture. 6: 165–87. JSTOR 3101072.
- "The Invention of the Steam Engine: The Life of James Watt. Part 4: The Steam Engine Gains Popularity". About.com Inventors. Retrieved 2011-02-25.