1790 English cricket season
|Cricket formats||major, including single wicket|
A total of 12 first-class matches were played in the 1790 English cricket season. Samuel Britcher's scorecards, published as A list of all the principal Matches of Cricket that have been played (1790 to 1805) began and have been used by CricketArchive as source information.
|10–12 May (M-W)||Lefthanded v Righthanded||Lord's (Dorset Square)||SB101||Left-handed won by 39 runs|
Left-handed v Right-handed was decidedly a major fixture though of novelty value.
|20–21 May (Th-F)||MCC v Essex #||Lord’s (Dorset Square)||brit||MCC won by 8 wkts|
|3 June (Th)||Duke of Dorset v Earl of Earl of Winchilsea||Lord’s (Dorset Square)||SB101||Earl of Winchilsea's XI won by 3 wkts|
This game is considered minor as eight players in the Dorset side are unknown and John Hammond was making his known debut. The Earl of Winchilsea side was mostly known amateurs plus John Boorman. Many of Dorset’s team were in the Sussex side that played in the minor match at Hambledon on 20 Sept 1791 (SB125).
|10–12 June (Th-S)||Kent v Hampshire||Lord's (Dorset Square)||SB103||Hampshire won by 8 wkts|
|24 June (Th)||Middlesex v Surrey||Lord's (Dorset Square)||FL18||unknown|
This game might not have been played. There was an announcement in The World on the previous day which gave the teamsheets, but there is no report of the game having taken place. Middlesex: Hon. T J Twistleton, Mr G Louch, Mr Turner, W Fennex, T Shackle, ? White, Butler, Knowles, Cantrell, Mr Mansfield, T Lord senior. Surrey: T Sueter, John Wells, James Wells, John Walker, E Stevens, Butcher, Mr Vincent, T Ingram, Graham, Flint, Mr Harrington.
In terms of recorded matches, Lumpy Stevens last played in 1789, but it appears that he did (intend to) play occasionally in 1790.
|5–6 July (M-Tu)||Essex v MCC #||Langton Park, Hornchurch||brit||MCC won by 67 runs|
# These two games only came to light in recent years as Britcher is the only source for them.
|12–16 July (M-F)||All-England v Hampshire||Sevenoaks Vine||SB104||Hampshire won by 44 runs|
|19–21 July (M-W)||Earl of Winchilsea v A Smith||Burley-on-the-Hill, Rutland||SB104||Smith's XI won by 7 wkts|
Burley-on-the-Hill in Rutland was the Earl of Earl of Winchilsea’s country retreat, which he used as his base for foxhunting parties. It is not far from the Great North Road so communication with London was relatively easy at the time. Burley-on-the-Hill has been confused with Burghley Park near Stamford but it is quite different. Samuel Britcher refers to this game as All-England v Hampshire.
|27–29 July (Tu-Th)||Sir H Mann v A Smith||Perriam Down||SB105||Smith's XI won by 6 wkts|
|4-7 Aug (W-S)||Earl of Darnley v Earl of Winchilsea||Windmill Down||SB106||Darnley's XI won by 185 runs|
There was one debutant in this match: French
|16-17 Aug (M-Tu)||MCC v Middlesex||Lord's (Dorset Square)||SB106||MCC won by 2 wkts|
|19-20 Aug (Th-F)||Middlesex v MCC||New Ground, Uxbridge Moor||SB107||MCC won by 56 runs|
|27-28 Aug (F-S)||Brighton v W&L ^||PoW Ground, Brighton||FL18||W&L won by 3 wkts|
|30-31 Aug (M-Tu)||All-England v Hampshire||Lord's (Dorset Square)||SB108||Hampshire won by 10 wkts|
Hampshire's team included four MCC men (venue was Lord's); ACS Guide calls the fixture MCC & Hampshire v All-England
|3-4 Sept (F-S)||W&L v Brighton ^||Woodburn||FL18||Brighton won by 5 wkts|
^ W&L = Wadhurst & Lambehurst.
|8-9 Sept (W-Th)||Middlesex v Berkshire||Uxbridge||WDC||Middlesex won by 2 wickets|
A pity the full score of this one has escaped. Berkshire had David Harris as a given man and the match was described as "a severe contest". The Middlesex team was called "the City of London and county of Middlesex" but we can safely assume it was a Middlesex XI. The venue was described as "the new cricket ground at Uxbridge".
|16 Sept (Th)||Middlesex v Berkshire||venue unknown||WDC||Middlesex won by 3 wickets|
WDC records this as London & Middlesex against "the parish of Warfield" which also had David Harris as a given man. Middlesex won by 3 wickets but the scores were not reported. There is an earlier game (in 1786) involving "the parish of Warfield" but for that match we have the teamsheet and it is the Berkshire XI. It is assumed here that this Warfield team was the same, especially with Harris involved, and that therefore this is a major match.
|7-11 Sept (Tu-S)||Sir H Mann v S Amherst||Bishopsbourne Paddock||SB108||Amherst's XI won by 130 runs|
|13 Sept (M)||J Hammond v Earl of Winchilsea||Dandelion Paddock||SB109||Hammond's XI won by 5 runs|
The Hammond v Earl of Winchilsea game on 13 Sept from source S&B is minor as it lacked recognised players.
|13 Sept (M)||Brighton v Tunbridge Wells ^||PoW Ground, Brighton||FL18||TW forfeited|
|17 Sept (F)||Tunbridge Wells v Brighton ^||Tunbridge Wells||FL18||Brighton won by 8 wkts|
^ The four Brighton games listed in the ACS Guide from source FL18 are considered minor matches due to lack of recognised players.
- John Hammond
- Hon. E Capel (MCC; amateur) – played 3 matches from 1790 to 1790
- Robert Brudenell, 6th Earl of Cardigan aka Hon. Robert Brudenell (MCC; amateur) – played 8 matches from 1790 to 1793
- W Oxley (Essex cricketer) (Essex) – played 10 matches from 1790 to 1793
- Thomas Nicoll (Middlesex; amateur) – played 14 matches from 1790 to 1794
- W Beeston (Middlesex cricketer) (Middlesex) – played 11 matches from 1790 to 1799
- Richard Fielder (Kent) – played 20 matches from 1790 to 1801
- George Leycester (MCC; amateur) – played 50 matches from 1790 to 1808
- Simmonds (Essex cricketer) – played three matches to 1791
Note that many scorecards in the 18th century are unknown or have missing details and so it is impossible to provide a complete analysis of batting performances: e.g., the missing not outs prevent computation of batting averages. The "runs scored" are in fact the runs known.
William Beldham with 317 scored the most runs in 1790
Other leading runscorers were: James Aylward 257; Jack Small 245; George Louch 239; George Finch, 9th Earl of Winchilsea 209; Joey Ring 206; Robert Clifford 193; Tom Walker 174; Colonel Charles Lennox 173; William Brazier 160
Note that the wickets credited to an 18th-century bowler were only those where he bowled the batsman out. The bowler was not credited with the wickets of batsmen who were caught out, even if it was "caught and bowled". In addition, the runs conceded by each bowler were not recorded so no analyses or averages can be computed.
Robert Clifford with 33 took the most wickets in the season
Note that many scorecards in the 18th century are unknown or have missing details and so the totals are of the known catches and stumpings only. Stumpings were not always recorded as such and sometimes the name of the wicket-keeper was not given. Generally, a catch was given the same status as "bowled" with credit being awarded to the fielder only and not the bowler. There is never a record of "caught and bowled": the bowler would be credited with the catch, not with the wicket.
Tom Taylor with 15 took the most catches in 1790
- Ashley-Cooper, F. S. (1924). Hambledon Cricket Chronicle 1772–1796. Jenkins.
- Buckley, G. B. (1935). Fresh Light on 18th Century Cricket. Cotterell.
- Haygarth, Arthur (1862). Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744–1826). Lillywhite.
- Mote, Ashley (1997). The Glory Days of Cricket. Robson.
- Nyren, John (1998). Ashley Mote, ed. The Cricketers of my Time. Robson.
- Waghorn, H. T. (1906). The Dawn of Cricket. Electric Press.
- Wilson, Martin (2005). An Index to Waghorn. Bodyline.
- ACS (1981). A Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 – 1863. Nottingham: ACS.
- Altham, H. S. (1962). A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914). George Allen & Unwin.
- Birley, Derek (1999). A Social History of English Cricket. Aurum.
- Bowen, Rowland (1970). Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development. Eyre & Spottiswoode.
- Samuel Britcher, A list of all the principal Matches of Cricket that have been played (1790 to 1805), annual series
- Buckley, G. B. (1937). Fresh Light on pre-Victorian Cricket. Cotterell.
- McCann, Tim (2004). Sussex Cricket in the Eighteenth Century. Sussex Record Society.
- Major, John (2007). More Than A Game. HarperCollins.
- Underdown, David (2000). Start of Play. Allen Lane.
- Classification of cricket matches from 1697 to 1825
- CricketArchive – 1790 first-class matches list
- CricketArchive – 1790 other matches list