1790 in the United States
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|1790 in the United States|
13 stars, the Betsy Ross version (1777–95)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1789–1849)|
Events from the year 1790 in the United States.
- President: George Washington (no political party-Virginia)
- Vice President: John Adams (F-Massachusetts)
- Chief Justice: John Jay (New York)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Frederick Muhlenberg (Pro-Admin.-Pennsylvania)
- Congress: 1st
- January 8 – President of the U.S. George Washington gives the first State of the Union address, in New York City.
- February 1 – In New York City the Supreme Court of the United States convenes for the first time.
- February 11 – Two Quaker delegates petition the United States Congress for the abolition of slavery.
- March 1 – The first United States census is authorized.
- March 21 – Thomas Jefferson reports to President George Washington in New York City as the new United States Secretary of State.
- April 10 – The United States patent system is established.
- May 26 – Southwest Ordinance creates a Southwest Territory.
- May 29 – Rhode Island ratifies the United States Constitution and becomes the last of the 13 original states to do so (see History of Rhode Island).
- June 20 – Compromise of 1790: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Alexander Hamilton come to an agreement: Madison agrees to not be "strenuous" in opposition for the assumption of state debts by the federal government; Hamilton agrees to support the capital site being above the Potomac.
- July 10 – The House of Representatives votes one where to locate the national capital.
- July 16 – The signing of the Residence Act establishes a site along the Potomac River as the District of Columbia, the capital district of the United States.
- July 31 – Inventor Samuel Hopkins becomes the first to be issued a U.S. patent (for an improved method of making potash).
- August 2 – The first United States Census is taken.
- August 4 – A newly passed U.S. tariff act creates the United States Revenue Cutter Service, the forerunner of the Coast Guard.
- The first United States federal budget bill is introduced by Alexander Hamilton.
- 5.1% of Americans are living in centers of 2,500 or more people.
- Northwest Indian War (1785–1795)
- January 6 – Arnold Naudain, United States Senator from Delaware from 1830 till 1836. (died 1872)
- January 17 – Powhatan Ellis, United States Senator from Mississippi from 1825 till 1826 and from 1827 till 1832. (died 1863)
- March 29 – John Tyler, tenth President of the United States from 1841 till 1845, tenth Vice President of the United States from March till April 1841. (died 1862)
- June 1 – Chester Ashley, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1844 till 1848. (died 1848)
- October 1 – Henry H. Chambers, United States Senator from Alabama from 1825 till 1826. (died 1826)
- April 17–Benjamin Franklin, Publisher, inventor, congressman, ambassador, abolitionist and American icon. (born 1706)
- Charles E. Little (1900), "America: 1790", Cyclopedia of Classified Dates, New York: Funk & Wagnalls
- Charles Evans (1914). "1790". American Bibliography. 8. Chicago: Columbia Press. pp. 1–111.
- Media related to 1790 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons