1791 in the United States
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|1791 in the United States|
|Years:||1788 1789 1790 – 1791 – 1792 1793 1794|
13 stars, the Betsy Ross version (1777–95)
Events from the year 1791 in the United States.
- President: George Washington (no political party-Virginia)
- Vice President: John Adams (F-Massachusetts)
- Chief Justice: John Jay (New York)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Frederick Muhlenberg (Pro-Admin.-Pennsylvania) (until March 4), Jonathan Trumbull, Jr. (Pro-Admin.-Connecticut) (starting October 24)
- Congress: 1st (until March 4), 2nd (starting March 4)
- March 4 – Vermont is admitted as the 14th U.S. state (see History of Vermont).
- March 9 – Pierre Charles L'Enfant arrives in Georgetown and begins designing the federal capital city.
- March 30 – District of Columbia is established.
- August 26 – John Fitch is granted a patent for the steamboat in the United States.
- September 9 – Washington, D.C. is officially named.
- September 25 – Mission Santa Cruz is founded by Father Fermín Francisco de Lasuén, becoming the 12th mission in the California mission chain.
- October 9 – Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad is founded by Father Fermín Francisco de Lasuén, becoming the 13th mission in the California mission chain.
- December 15 – Ratification by the states of the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution is completed, creating the United States Bill of Rights. Two additional amendments remain pending, and one of these is finally ratified in 1992, becoming the Twenty-seventh Amendment.
- The first American ship reaches Japan.
- An ordinance is written barring the game of baseball within 80 yards of the Meeting House in Pittsfield, Massachusetts (first known reference to the game of baseball in North America).
- Northwest Indian War (1785–1795)
- February 4 – John McClean, United States Senator from Illinois from 1824 till 1825 and from 1829 till 1830. (died 1830)
- April 23 – James Buchanan, 15th President of the United States from 1857 till 1861. (died 1868)
- July 18 – Isaac D. Barnard, United States Senator from 1827 till 1831. (died 1834)
- October 24 – Joseph R. Underwood, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1847 till 1853. (died 1876)
- November 27 – Truman Smith, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1849 till 1854. (died 1884)
- April 24 – Benjamin Harrison V Signer of Declaration of Independence, father of President William Henry Harrison, great-grandfather of President Benjamin Harrison (born 1726)
- John Roth Prussian clergyman (born 1726 in Prussia)
- Lists of Foreigners Who Arrived at Philadelphia, 1791-1792. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 24, No. 2 (1900), pp. 187–194.
- Bernard C. Steiner. A Frenchman's Impressions of Maryland and Virginia in 1791. The Sewanee Review, Vol. 12, No. 1 (January, 1904), pp. 52–72.
- Journal of John Mair, 1791. The American Historical Review, Vol. 12, No. 1 (October, 1906), pp. 77–94.
- Journal of William Loughton Smith, 1790-1791. Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Third Series, Vol. 51, (October, 1917 - June, 1918).
- Joseph W. Barnwell. Washington's Southern Tour, 1791, by Archibald Henderson. The South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, Vol. 26, No. 1 (January, 1925), pp. 59–64.
- Samuel C. Williams. The Southwest Territory to the Aid of the Northwest Territory, 1791. Indiana Magazine of History, Vol. 37, No. 2 (JUNE, 1941), pp. 152–157.
- J. Paul Selsam. France and Pennsylvania: an exchange of greetings in 1791. Pennsylvania History, Vol. 14, No. 1 (January 1947), pp. 13–22.
- Richard K. Murdoch. Documents Pertaining to the Georgia-Florida Frontier, 1791-1793. The Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol. 38, No. 4 (April, 1960), pp. 319–338.
- S. W. Jackman. A Young Englishman Reports on the New Nation: Edward Thornton to James Bland Burges, 1791-1793. The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 18, No. 1 (January, 1961), pp. 85–121.
- Harold Kirker. The New Theater, Philadelphia, 1791-1792. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 22, No. 1 (March, 1963), pp. 36–37.
- Silvio A. Bedini. Benjamin Banneker and the Survey of the District of Columbia, 1791. Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C., Vol. 69/70, The 47th separately bound book (1969/1970), pp. 7–30.
- Jack D. L. Holmes, J. Leitch Wright Jr. Luis Bertucat and William Augustus Bowles: West Florida Adversaries in 1791. The Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol. 49, No. 1 (July, 1970), pp. 49–62.
- Betty Wood. White Women, Black Slaves and the Law in Early National Georgia: The Sunbury Petition of 1791. The Historical Journal, Vol. 35, No. 3 (September, 1992), pp. 611–622.
- Leroy V. Eid. American Indian Military Leadership: St. Clair's 1791 Defeat. The Journal of Military History, Vol. 57, No. 1 (January, 1993), pp. 71–88.
- Tim H. Blessing. The Lewistown riots, 1791-1793: a micro-analytic approach. Pennsylvania History, Vol. 71, No. 3 (Summer 2004), pp. 285–321
- Media related to 1791 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons