1794 in France
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|See also:||Other events of 1794|
History of France • Timeline • Years
- 4 February - The French Republic abolishes slavery.
- 15 February - Modern arrangement of Flag of France adopted.
- 26 February - Ventôse Decrees, proposed to confiscate the property of exiles and opponents of the Revolution, and redistribute it to the needy.
- 3 March - Ventôse Decrees.
- 5 April - Execution of Georges Danton.
- 30 April - War of the Pyrenees: Second Battle of Boulou, French victory against Spain and Portugal.
- 18 May - Battle of Tourcoing, French victory over Austrian and British forces.
- 22 May - Battle of Tournay, Coalition forces (Austrian, British, and Hanoverian troops) defeat the French.
- 1 June - Glorious First of June, French naval battle with the British; both sides claim victory.
- 10 June - Law of 22 Prairial enacted, also known as the loi de la Grande Terreur.
- 26 June - Battle of Fleurus, French victory against Austria.
- 13 July - Battle of Trippstadt, French defeat Austrian, Prussian and Saxony forces.
- 27 July - Thermidorian Reaction begins against the excesses of the Reign of Terror. Robespierre and leaders of the Paris city government arrested.
- 28 July - Robespierre, Saint-Just, Georges Couthon, and others, including members of the Paris Commune are guillotined.
- 15 September - Battle of Boxtel.
- 2 October - Battle of Aldenhoven, French defeat Austrian forces.
- 17 November-20 November - War of the Pyrenees: Battle of San-Lorenzo de la Muga, French defeat Spanish forces.
- 22 November - Siege of Luxembourg. French siege of Austrian forces begins (ends in French victory June 1795).
- Undated - Hospitals pass to ownership of the state.
January to March
- 10 January - Jean Philibert Damiron, philosopher (died 1862).
- 13 January - Prosper Garnot, surgeon and naturalist (died 1838).
- 17 January - Jacques Amand Eudes-Deslongchamps, naturalist and palaeontologist (died 1867).
- 25 January
- 2 February - Étienne Arnal, actor (died 1872).
- 9 February - Jacques-François Ancelot, dramatist (died 1854).
- 5 March - Jacques Babinet, physicist, mathematician, and astronomer (died 1872).
- 19 March - Pierre-Médard Diard, naturalist and explorer (died 1863).
- 20 March - René-Primevère Lesson, surgeon and naturalist (died 1849).
April to June
- 4 April - Sabin Berthelot, naturalist and ethnologist (died 1880).
- 12 April - Germinal Pierre Dandelin, mathematician, soldier, and professor of[engineering (died 1847).
- 15 April - Jean Pierre Flourens, physiologist (died 1867).
- 26 April - Jean-Pierre Falret, psychiatrist (died 1870).
- 17 May - Frédéric Monod, Protestant pastor (died 1863).
- 29 May - Antoine Bussy, chemist (died 1882).
- 23 June - Louis Petitot, sculptor (died 1862).
July to December
- 29 July - Auguste Regnaud de Saint-Jean d'Angély, Marshal of France (died 1870).
- 9 August - Achille Valenciennes, zoologist (died 1865).
- 29 August - Léon Cogniet, painter (died 1880).
- 10 September - François Benoist, composer and organist (died 1878).
- 24 September - Jeanne Villepreux-Power, marine biologist (died 1871).
- September - Auguste Simon Paris, notary and entomologist (died 1869).
- 22 October - Armand-Benjamin Caillau, Roman Catholic priest, a missionary and writer (died 1850).
- 6 November - Aimable Pélissier, Marshal of France (died 1864).
- 31 December - Pierre Adolphe Piorry, physician (died 1879).
Full date unknown
- Louis Adolphe le Doulcet, comte de Pontécoulant, soldier and musicologist (died 1882).
- Jean Baptiste Douville, traveller and writer (died 1837).
- Brutus de Villeroi, submarine engineer (died 1874).
January to March
- 28 January - Henri de la Rochejaquelein, youngest general of the Royalist Vendéan insurrection (born 1772).
- 24 March - Jacques Hébert, editor of radical newspaper Le Père Duchesne, executed (born 1757).
- 28 March - Marquis de Condorcet, philosopher, mathematician and political scientist (born 1743).
April to June
- 5 April - executions
- Georges Danton, leading figure early in the French Revolution (born 1759).
- Camille Desmoulins, journalist and leading figure in the French Revolution (born 1760).
- Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles, Revolutionary politician (born 1759).
- Fabre d'Églantine, actor, dramatist and Revolutionary politician (born 1750).
- François Joseph Westermann, General and Revolutionary politician (born 1751).
- 13 April - executions
- 23 April - Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, statesman and Minister, executed (born 1721).
- 8 May - Antoine Lavoisier, nobleman and chemist, executed (born 1743).
- 17 June - Marguerite-Élie Guadet, Royalist politician, executed (born 1753).
- 18 June - François Buzot, revolutionary politician (born 1760).
- 27 June - executions
July to December
- 23 July - Alexandre, vicomte de Beauharnais, General and politician, executed (born 1760).
- 25 July - André Chénier, poet, executed (born 1762).
- 28 July - executions
- 25 September - Paul Rabaut, Huguenot pastor (born 1718).
- 3 November - François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, Cardinal and statesman (born 1715).
- 16 December - Jean-Baptiste Carrier, revolutionary politician, executed (born 1756).