1797 in the United States
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Events from the year 1797 in the United States.
- President: George Washington (no political party-Virginia) (until March 4), John Adams (F-Massachusetts) (starting March 4)
- Vice President: John Adams (F-Massachusetts) (until March 4), Thomas Jefferson (DR-Virginia) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: Oliver Ellsworth (Connecticut)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Jonathan Dayton (F-New Jersey)
- Congress: 4th (until March 4), 5th (starting March 4)
- January 3 – The Treaty of Tripoli (a peace treaty between the United States and Tripoli) is signed at Algiers (see also 1796 in the United States).
- February 22 – The last invasion of Britain: An American colonel named William Tate leads French forces in a landing near Fishguard in Wales.
- March 4 – John Adams is sworn in as the second President of the United States.
- April 17 – Sir Ralph Abercromby unsuccessfully invades San Juan, Puerto Rico in what will be one of the largest British attacks on Spanish territories in the western hemisphere, and one of the worst defeats of the English navy for years to come.
- May 10 – The first ship of the United States Navy, the frigate USS United States (1797), is commissioned.
- October 21 – In Boston Harbor, the 44-gun United States Navy frigate USS Constitution is launched to fight Barbary pirates off the coast of Tripoli.
- The XYZ Affair inflames tensions between France and the United States.
- February 28 – John Henderson, United States Senator from Mississippi from 1839 till 1845. (died 1857)
- May 24 – James Morehead, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1841 to 1847. (died 1854)
- John Lathrop. An Account of the Deleterious Effects of Mephitic Air, or Marsb Miasmata, Experienced by Three Men, July 27, 1797. In a Well, on the Boston Pier. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 2 (1804), pp. 81–84.
- Notes of Travel of William Henry, John Heckewelder, John Rothrock, and Christian Clewell, to Gnadenhuetten on the Muskingum, in the Early Summer of 1797. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 10, No. 2 (July, 1886), pp. 125–157
- Charles E. Peterson. Virginia Penitentiary, 1797. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 12, No. 4 (December, 1953), pp. 27–28.
- Herman R. Friis, Ralph E. Ehrenberg. Nicholas King and His Wharfing Plans of the City of Washington, 1797. Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C., Vol. 66/68, The 46th separately bound book (1966/1968), pp. 34–46.
- William K. Bottorff, Roy C. Flannagan, Frances Baylor Hill. The Diary of Frances Baylor Hill of "Hillsborough" King and Queen County Virginia (1797). Early American Literature Newsletter, Vol. 2, No. 3, (Winter, 1967), pp. 3–53.
- David J. Brandenburg, Millicent H. Brandenburg. The Duc De La Rochefoucauld-Liancourt's Visit to the Federal City in 1797: A New Translation. Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C., Vol. 49, The 49th separately bound book (1973/1974), pp. 35–60.
- William Stinchcombe. Talleyrand and the American Negotiations of 1797-1798. The Journal of American History, Vol. 62, No. 3 (December, 1975), pp. 575–590.
- Lee W. Formwalt. An English Immigrant Views American Society: Benjamin Henry Latrobe's Virginia Years, 1796-1798. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 85, No. 4 (October, 1977), pp. 387–410.
- John L. Brittain and Henry Middleton Rutledge. Henry Middleton Rutledge to His Father, November 1, 1797. The South Carolina Historical Magazine, Vol. 83, No. 3 (July, 1982), pp. 235–240.
- Arthur Scherr. "Vox Populi" versus the Patriot President: Benjamin Franklin Bache's Philadelphia Aurora and John Adams (1797). Pennsylvania History, Vol. 62, No.4 (Fall 1995), pp. 503–531.
- Richard S. Chew. Certain Victims of an International Contagion: The Panic of 1797 and the Hard Times of the Late 1790s in Baltimore. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 25, No. 4 (Winter, 2005), pp. 565–613.
- Media related to 1797 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons