1799 in Canada
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Events from the year 1799 in Canada.
- David Thompson marries Charlotte Small
- North West Company establishes a fur post at Rocky Mountain House, Alberta. The nearby Hudson's Bay Company fur post which is also established at this time is called Acton House.
- Alexander Mackenzie resigns from North West Company
- George Vancouver's Journeys to the North Pacific Ocean published in London
- Handsome Lake, a Seneca chief, founds the Longhouse religion
- Russian-American Fur Company chartered; launches aggressive policy in Aleutians and on Northwest Coast.
- American competition for West Indies trade kills Liverpool, Nova Scotia's merchant fleet.
- Alexander Baranov establishes Russian post known today as Old Sitka; trade charter grants exclusive trading rights to the Russian American Company.
- Vermont answers Indian chiefs, in Canada, that their claims were extinguished by treaties of 1763 and 1783 between France, Great Britain and the United States.
- September 8 - Sir William Young, Premier of Nova Scotia (d.1887)
- October 30 - Ignace Bourget, bishop of the Diocese of Montreal (d.1885)