17th/21st Lancers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
17th/21st Lancers
17-21stLmotto.jpg
"Death or Glory" the Motto (cap badge) of the 17th/21st Lancers
Active 1922–1993
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Cavalry of the Line/Royal Armoured Corps
Role Light Cavalry
Size 550 men
Nickname(s) The Death or Glory Boys
Motto(s) Death or Glory
March The White Lancers
Commanders
Colonel-in-Chief Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy

The 17th/21st Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army. It was formed in England by the amalgamation of the 17th Lancers and the 21st Lancers in 1922 and, after service in the Second World War, it amalgamated with the 16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers to form the Queen's Royal Lancers in 1993.

History[edit]

Valentine tanks of the 17th/21st Lancers near Brandon in Suffolk, 12 September 1941
Sergeant A G Williams of 17th/21st Lancers in the turret of his Sherman tank in the San Angelo area of Italy, April 1944

Second World War[edit]

The regiment was formed in England by the amalgamation of the 17th Lancers and the 21st Lancers on 27 June 1922.[1] The regiment was deployed to Meerut in India in 1936 and it was mechanised in 1938.[2]

On the outbreak of the Second World War, the regiment transferred back to the United Kingdom and became part of the 1st Motor Machine Gun Brigade defending south-east England.[2] On 12 October 1940, the 1st Motor Machine Gun Brigade became the 26th Armoured Brigade.[3] On 9 November 1940, the brigade joined the 6th Armoured Division, with which it served for the rest of the war.[4] Some personnel from the regiment were detached in December to form the cadre of the 24th Lancers.[1]

In November 1942, the division was deployed to Tunisia for Operation Torch. Now equipped with Valentine Mk III and Crusader Mk III tanks, the regiment saw action for some time, including taking heavy losses defending Thala in the Battle of Kasserine Pass in February 1943 during which fourteen tanks were put out of action.[2] After this, the regiment was withdrawn and refitted with M4A2 Sherman tanks. In April, an attempt to take the Fondouk Pass during which thirty-two tanks were put out of action.[2] The 6th Armoured Division deployed to Italy in March 1944, and fought to breach the Gustav Line.[2] The regiment advanced to the Gothic Line, and spent the winter there—at points, serving as infantry rather than as an armoured unit, due to the static nature of the trench warfare there.[2] After the final breakthrough in 1945, the regiment ended the war in Austria.[2]

Post-war[edit]

In October 1946, the regiment was posted to Greece on internal security duties.[5] In October 1947, it deployed to the Suez Canal Zone and re-equipped as an armoured car regiment; it then moved to Palestine in 1948.[2] The regiment returned home to Catterick Garrison later that year as RAC Training Regiment and then joined 20th Armoured Brigade and moved to York Barracks at Munster in December 1951.[5] It transferred to 4th Guards Brigade Group and moved to Barker Barracks in Paderborn in August 1957.[5] After briefly returning home in December 1959, it moved to Hong Kong in March 1960 from where it deployed units to Aden in October 1961.[5]

The regiment joined 20th Armoured Brigade Group and moved to Athlone Barracks at Sennelager in December 1962.[5] After that it moved to Lisanelly Camp in Omagh in March 1968 from where it deployed a squadron to Libya in 1970.[5] It then transferred to 4th Armoured Brigade and moved to Northampton Barracks in Wolfenbüttel in November 1972 from where it deployed units to Northern Ireland at the height of the Troubles.[5] It transferred to 11th Armoured Brigade and moved to Wessex Barracks in Bad Fallingbostel in October 1974 from where it again deployed units to Northern Ireland.[5] It returned home re-locating to Bovington Camp as RAC Centre Regiment in December 1977 and then went back to West Germany to join 4th Infantry Brigade becoming based at Swinton Barracks in Munster in November 1980.[5] A squadron was sent to Northern Ireland to undertake guarding duties at the Maze Prison in December 1982.[5]

The regiment returned to the United Kingdom in 1987 from where it deployed two squadrons to the Persian Gulf in September 1990 for the Gulf War.[2] In 1993, with the reductions in forces after the end of the Cold War, the regiment was amalgamated with the 16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers to form the Queen's Royal Lancers.[1]

Alliances[edit]

The regiment's alliances included:[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "17th/21st Lancers". regiments.org. Archived from the original on 20 January 2008. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "History of the 17th/21st Lancers". Queen's Royal Lancers. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. 
  3. ^ "26 Armoured Brigade - History". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "26 Armoured Brigade - Superiors". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "17th/21st Lancers". British Army units 1945 on. Retrieved 10 September 2016. 
Preceded by
17th Lancers
21st Lancers
17th/21st Lancers
1922–1993
Succeeded by
Queen's Royal Lancers