17th/21st Lancers

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17th/21st Lancers
17-21stLmotto.jpg
"Death or Glory" the Motto (cap badge) of the 17th/21st Lancers
Active 1922–1993
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Cavalry of the Line/Royal Armoured Corps
Role Light Cavalry
Size 550 men
Nickname(s) The Death or Glory Boys
Motto(s) Death or Glory
March The White Lancers

The 17th/21st Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army from 1922 to 1993.

It was formed in 1922 in England by the amalgamation of the 17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge's Own) and the 21st Lancers (Empress of India's). From 1930 to 1939, it was deployed overseas; first in Egypt for two years, and then in India for seven. In 1938, the regiment was mechanised.

On the outbreak of war, the regiment immediately transferred back to the UK. When it arrived, it had no equipment apart from rifles and revolvers. Although it was designated as a Heavy Armoured Regiment, it never received the equipment; initial training was with a few Medium tanks and some lorries. It was designated as a Divisional Cavalry Regiment in 1940, but given machine guns and vehicles to make it a Motor Machine-Gun Regiment. In this form, it was part of the 1st Motor Machine Gun Brigade (with the 16th/5th Lancers, 2nd Lothians and Border Horse) under XII Corps defending south-east England. On 12 October 1940, the 1st Motor Machine Gun Brigade became the 26th Armoured Brigade.[1] On 9 November 1940, the brigade joined the 6th Armoured Division, with which it served for the rest of the war.[2] Some personnel from the regiment were detached in December to form the cadre of the 24th Lancers.

In November 1942, the division was deployed to Tunisia after Operation Torch. Now equipped with Valentine Mk III and Crusader Mk III tanks, the regiment saw action for some time, including taking heavy losses defending Thala in the Battle of the Kasserine Pass in February 1943 during which all but twelve tanks were put out of action. After this, the regiment was withdrawn and refitted with M4A2 Sherman tanks. In April, an attempt to take the Fondouk Pass put most of the regiment out of action again.

The 6th Armoured Division deployed to Italy in March 1944, and fought to breach the Gustav Line. The regiment advanced to the Gothic Line, and spent the winter there—at points, serving as infantry rather than as an armoured unit, due to the static nature of the trench warfare there. After the final breakthrough in 1945, the regiment ended the war in Austria.

In 1946, the regiment was posted to Greece on internal security duties. In 1947, it deployed to the Suez Canal Zone and re-equipped as an armoured car regiment; it then moved to Palestine in 1948.

During the Cold War period, the regiment spent about half its time as an armoured unit in the British Army of the Rhine; it was also deployed to various overseas locations, including Hong Kong. The regiment also undertook deployments to Northern Ireland, both as an armoured car unit and as dismounted infantry. In the mid-1980s, following a depot tour at the RAC Centre Bovington, some of the wives, badged and serving with the WRAC, were permitted to continue their service within the QMs Department in Germany.

In 1993, with the reductions in forces after the end of the Cold War, the regiment was amalgamated with the 16th/5th Lancers to form the Queen's Royal Lancers.

Alliances[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "26 Armoured Brigade - History". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "26 Armoured Brigade - Superiors". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
Preceded by
17th Lancers
21st Lancers
17th/21st Lancers
1922–1993
Succeeded by
Queen's Royal Lancers