17th Parachute Engineer Regiment
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|17th Parachute Engineer Regiment
17e Régiment du Génie Parachutiste
|Active||March 1, 1944|
|Nickname(s)||French: « Le couteau suisse » de la brigade parachutiste / « Les démineurs de l'espoir »
English: « The Swiss Dagger » of the Parachute Brigade / « Demining Specialists of Hope »
|Colors||Red and Black|
|Mascot(s)||Royal Eagle « Bac-Kan »
then Bald eagle « Malizia »
|Insignia of the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment|
The 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment (French: 17e Régiment de Génie Parachutiste, 17e RGP) is heir to the traditions of the 17th Colonial Engineer Regiment (French: 17e Régiment Colonial du Génie, 17eRGC) which illustrated itself during World War II. It is the only airborne engineer unit of the French Army forming the engineering component of the 11th Parachute Brigade and secures all the specific airborne engineering missions relative to para assaulting at the level of deep reconnaissance as well as operations relative to para demining and handling explosives. The regiment has been present non-stop since 1975 on all theatres of operations (Lebanon, Tchad, New Caledonia, French Guiana, Pakistan, Kurdistan, Kuwait, Cambodia, Somalia, Rwanda, Gabon, Mozambique, ex-Yugoslavia, Albania, Kosovo, Afghanistan, Mali and others). For its various combat operational deployments, the 17e RGP was cited 3 times at the orders of the armed forces, 2 times at the orders of the armed forces corps, and three of its combat companies cited at the orders of the armed forces ( 2nd combat company) in addition to armed forces corps (1st and 3rd combat companies).
- 1 History since 1870
- 2 Creation and different nominations since 1944
- 3 Organization
- 4 Mascot
- 5 Traditions
- 6 Battalion and Regimental Commanders since 1963
- 7 See also
- 8 17e RGP (external site)
- 9 References
History since 1870
- 1870 - 1871 : creation of the 17th company, 2nd Engineer Regiment: took part in the defense of Paris, Saint-Denis, Mont-Valérien, Bourgets combats, battles of Champigny and Buzenval, founders of bridges at Marne.
- 1876 : creation of an engineer battalion and intervention in Algeria.
- 1881 : 1st combat company of the 17th participated to an expedition in Tunisia.
- 1912 : 4 combat companies participated to an expedition in Morocco.
- 1914 - 1918 : 23 combat companies of the 17th Engineer Battalion battled in Ardennes Belge, Marne, Champgane, Artois, Verdun, Aisne, Flandres, Oise, Woëvre.
- 1916 - 1920 : 4 combat companies of the 17th intervened in Morocco, attached to the Moroccan Division.
- 1923 : creation of the 17th Engineer Regiment, the 1st battalion of the regiment was stationed at Strasbourg, the second was dispatched to the French Army of the Rhin at Biebrich in Germany.
- 1928 : the 17th Engineer Regiment became the 1st Engineer Regiment.
- 1940 : 2 combat engineer companies of the 17th battled in l'Oise. Creation of the 17th Battalion at Castersarrasin (Tarn and Garonne) which became the 5th Engineer Battalion.
- 1944 - 1945 : creation of the 17th Colonial Engineer Battalion in Morocco. The Battalion was detached to Corsica and battled at Toulon ( battle campaigns of France and Germany) at the corps of the 1st Army (Rhin and Danube).
- 1946 - 1949 : creation of the 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion attached to the 25th Airborne Division.
- 1947 : a combat section of paratrooper Pioneers intervened in Indochina at the corps of the 61st Colonial Engineer Battalion.
- 1948 : a combat section of the paratrooper pioneers intervened in Indochina at the corps of the 71st Colonial Engineer Battalion
- 1948 - 1953 : 3 successive combat sections of paratrooper pioneers of the 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion (17e B.G.A.P) intervened in Indochina.
- 1950 : volunteer engagement of the 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion to the United Nations French formed battalion participating in the Korean War.
- 1953 : regrouping of the combat sections of the paratrooper pioneers of Indochina from 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion for the creation of the 17th Parachute Engineer Company which would intervene in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu part of Operation Castor.
- 1954 : creation of the 3rd combat company of Vietnamese Airborne Engineers in Indochina commanded and formed by the cadres of the 17th Parachute Engineer Company.
- 1953 - 1962 : the 1st combat company of the 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion intervened in Algeria and became in 1955 the 60th Airborne Engineer Company attached to the 10th Parachute Division. The combat company intervened in Egypt in 1956 and in 1961 at Bizerte (Tunisia).
- 1956 - 1962 : the 75th Airborne Engineer Company issued from the 3rd combat company of the 17th Airborne Battalion Regiment was attached to the 25th Parachute Division. The company became in 1961 the 61st Airborne Engineer Regiment and intervened in Bizerte.
- 1958 : creation of the center of instruction of Airborne Engineers '17' at Castersarrasin.
- 1961 - 1962 : creation, conception and placing in effect the first Commando Instruction Center (C.E.C) at Fort de Charlemont of Givet in the department of Ardennes by the 61st Airborne Engineer Company and the 1st Commando Parachute Group. The main section of the 61st Airborne became the Commando Instruction Center of the 11th Light Intervention Division (11e D.L.I). This Division replaced the 10th Parachute Division and 25th Parachute Division.
- 1963 : creation of the 17th Airportable Engineer Regiment (17e R.G.A.P) at Castelsarrasin from the paratrooper pioneers of the engineer Center of Instruction and from the two combat companies back from Algeria.
- 1971 : the regiment was dissolved, the 1st and 2nd combat companies of the airportable engineer regiment were attached respectively to the 1st Parachute Hussar Regiment, 1eRHP and the 35th Parachute Artillery Regiment, 35eRAP becoming inter-arm units. At the corps of these two regiments, the two airborne engineer companies maintained their missions and traditions of "Génie Parachutiste".
- 1974: recreation of the 17th Airportable Engineer Regiment at Montauban (Tarn and Garonne).
- 1978: the 17th became the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment (17e R.G.P).
- 1982 - 1984 : the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment took part extensively and heavily in both the Multinational Force in Lebanon within the 31st Brigade and the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon placed in ground operations since 1978.
- 1990 - 1991 : the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment took part in the Gulf War part of the Opération Daguet.
- 2001: the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment spearheaded combat, combat support, peacekeeping, multipurposed operations through the War on Terror and has been seen taking part in all exterior theatres of operations of the French Armed Forces on all five continents.
Creation and different nominations since 1944
- Created on March 1, 1944 at Port Lyautey in Morocco under the designation of the 17th Colonial Engineer Regiment (French: 17e Régiment Colonial du Génie, 17eRGC). Dissolved on November 16, 1945.
- Created on August 1, 1946 in Algeria, from the 91st Engineer Battalion handling the airborne engineer missions of the 25th Parachute Division, under the designation of 17th Engineer Battalion. Combat companies 17/9 stationed at Hussein Dey, the 17/1 at Bougie, the 17/2 at Marocco, the 17/3 at Mont-de-Marsan. Dissolved with the division in July 1948, a combat engineer Group designated (17) was integrated at the center of specialized airborne troops until February 1949.
- The airborne engineer group (17) was redesignated 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion on February 15, 1949 and was based in metropole at Castelsarras in (Tarn-and-Garonne) and successive designations of 17th Airborne Engineer Battalion, Center of Instruction of Airborne Engineer (17), 17th Airborne Engineer Regiment. Dissolved on June 30, 1971, two combat companies of the Airborne Engineer troops integrated the corps of 2 inter-arm paratrooper regiments in Tarbes and Auch, mainly the 35th Parachute Artillery Regiment and the 1st Parachute Hussard Regiment.
- Reconstituted at Montauban on July 1, 1974 under the designation of the 17th Airborne Engineer Regiment from the companies of parachute engineers forming the inter-arm regiments, based in garrison Doumer. In 1978, the airborne engineer regiment was designated as the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment.
The Regiment of volunteer paratroopers, the 17th Parachute Engineer Regiment is articulated in 6 combat companies and 1 detachment:
- 1 Command and logistic company (CCL)
- 1 Combat support company (CA) known as la verte et amarante, regrouping means of terrain organization
- 3 combat companies with the 4th on its way:
- 1st combat company
- 2nd combat company
- 3rd combat company
- intervention reserve unit: 5th combat company
- 1 combat detachment
The mascot of the regiment was initially the Golden eagle named "Bac Kan"  in reference to the first mission participation of the Airborne engineers in Indochina during the airborne operation "Lea" on October 1947.
Except for the Legionnaires of the 1er REG, 2e REG, 2e REP that conserve the Green Beret; the remainder of the French army metropolitan and marine paratroopers forming the 11th Parachute Brigade wear the Red Beret.
Circled Winged Armed Dextrochere of French Army Metropolitan Paratroopers
The Archangel Saint Michael, patron of the French paratroopers is celebrated on September 29.
The prière du Para (Prayer of the Paratrooper) was written by André Zirnheld in 1938.
Just like the paratrooper Brevet of the French Army; the Insignia of French Paratroopers was created in 1946. The French Army Insignia of metropolitan Paratroopers represents a closed <<winged armed dextrochere>>, meaning a "right winged arm" armed with a sword pointing upwards. The Insignia makes reference to the Patron of Paratroopers. In fact, the Insignia represents <<the right Arm of Saint Michael>>, the Archangel which according to Liturgy is the <<Armed Arm of God>>. This Insignia is the symbol of righteous combat and fidelity to superior missions. The French Army Insignia of Marine Infantry Paratroopers is backgrounded by a Marine Anchor.
- Croix de Guerre 1939-1945 with 1 star of vermeil (to quote the order by the Army OG 1148 of September 15, 1945),
- Croix de la Valeur militaire with:
- 2 palms ( for service in Lebanon at the corps of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon in 1980 and 1982)
- 1 palm ( for service in Afghanistan at the corps of the International Security Assistance Force on May 21, 2012
- 1 star of vermeil ( for service in Mali at the corps of Operation Serval on September 2014 )
- Fourragère with colors of la Croix de la Valeur militaire on April 16, 2012; the first unit to be decorated with such honors 
- French Medal of Honor for Courage and Commitment - échelon bronze, 1952, for search and rescue operations during Natural disaster in the South-West of France.
The Fanions of the 1st,2nd and 3rd combat companies are decorated with :
- Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures with 1 palm for the '2nd' combat company.
- Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures with 1 vermeil star for the '1st' combat company.
- Croix de guerre des théâtres d'opérations extérieures with 1 vermeil star for the '3rd' combat company.
Battalion and Regimental Commanders since 1963
17e RGP (external site)
-  National Support Association for French and Foreign Soldiers in Operations
- Terre information magazine numéro 183, avril 2007, p.51.
- Site de la 11e BP