17th parallel north
The 17th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 17 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean.
The parallel is particularly significant in the history of Vietnam (see below).
Around the world
Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 17° north passes through:
Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes Mali Niger Chad Sudan Eritrea Red Sea Saudi Arabia Farasan Islands Red Sea Saudi Arabia Yemen Saudi Arabia Yemen Oman Indian Ocean Arabian Sea Oman Indian Ocean Arabian Sea India Maharashtra
Indian Ocean Bay of Bengal Myanmar (Burma) Indian Ocean Gulf of Martaban Myanmar (Burma) Thailand Laos Vietnam South China Sea Passing through the disputed Paracel Islands Philippines Island of Luzon Pacific Ocean Philippine Sea
Passing between the islands of Guguan and Sarigan, Northern Mariana Islands
into an unnamed part of the Ocean
Mexico Guatemala Belize Caribbean Sea Passing just south of the island of Nevis, Saint Kitts and Nevis
Passing just north of the island of Redonda, Antigua and Barbuda
Antigua and Barbuda Island of Antigua Atlantic Ocean Cape Verde Santo Antão island Atlantic Ocean Mauritania Mali
The Seventeenth parallel (Vietnamese: vĩ tuyến 17) was the provisional military demarcation line between North and South Vietnam established by the Geneva Accords of 1954. The demarcation line did not exactly coincide with the 17th parallel but ran south of it, approximately along the Bến Hải River in Quảng Trị Province to the village of Bo Ho Su and from there due west to the Laos–Vietnam border.
In 1976 the demarcation line was made irrelevant as Vietnam was unified following the defeat of American forces and the surrender of the South Vietnamese government.