1801 in the United States
|1801 in the United States|
The Star Spangled Banner, 15 stars, 15 stripes (1795–1818)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1789–1849)|
- President: John Adams (F-Massachusetts) (until March 4), Thomas Jefferson (DR-Virginia) (starting March 4)
- Vice President: Thomas Jefferson (DR-Virginia) (until March 4), Aaron Burr (DR-New York) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Theodore Sedgwick (F-Massachusetts) (until March 4), Nathaniel Macon (DR-North Carolina) (starting December 7)
- Congress: 6th (until March 4), 7th (starting March 4)
- January 31 – John Marshall is appointed Chief Justice of the United States.
- February – Contingent election of 1801: An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr is resolved, when Jefferson is elected President of the United States and Burr Vice President by the United States House of Representatives.
- February 27 – Washington, DC is placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Congress.
- March 4 – Thomas Jefferson succeeds John Adams as the President of the United States of America.
- May 10 – The First Barbary War begins as the pasha of Tripoli declares war on the United States by having the flagpole on the consulate chopped down.
- July – Eli Whitney demonstrates before Congress the advantages of the system of interchangeable parts in the manufacture of firearms.
- August 1 – Action of 1 August 1801 (First Barbary War): United States Navy schooner USS Enterprise (1799) captures the 14-gun Tripolitan corsair polacca Tripoli off the north African coast in a single-ship action.
- November 16 – The first edition of New York Evening Post is printed.
- First Barbary War (1801–1805)
March 4: Thomas Jefferson becomes President
- January 20 – Thomas Hickman Williams, United States Senator from Mississippi from 1838 till 1839. (died 1851)
- March 27 – Alexander Barrow, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1841 till 1846. (died 1846)
- May 16 – William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State from 1861 to 1869 (died 1872)
- June 1 – Brigham Young, leader in the Latter Day Saint movement (died 1877)
- July 5 – David Farragut, flag officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War (died 1870)
- August 10 – Robert Woodward Barnwell, United States Senator from South Carolina from 1862 till 1865. (died 1882)
- August 31 – Pierre Soule, United States Senator from Louisiana in 1847 and from 1849 till 1853. (died 1870)
- September 10 – Garrett Davis, United States Senator from Kentucky from 1861 till 1872. (died 1872)
- November 4 – Ambrose Hundley Sevier, United States Senator from Arkansas from 1836 till 1848. (died 1848)
- Date Unknown – Solomon W. Downs, United States Senator from Louisiana from 1847 till 1853. (died 1854)
- January 9 – Margaretta Faugères, playwright, poet and political activist (born 1771)
- February 6 – Annis Boudinot Stockton, poet and sponsor of literary salons (born 1736 )
- February 23 – Elizabeth Graeme Fergusson, poet and sponsor of literary salons (born 1737)
- March 14 – Margarita "Peggy" Schuyler, youngest child of Philip Schuyler (born 1758)
- June 4 – Frederick Muhlenberg, first Speaker of the House of Representatives (born 1750)
- June 14 – Benedict Arnold, Revolutionary hero and traitor (born 1741)
- November 4 – William Shippen, physician and Continental Congressman (born 1712)
- November 23 – Philip Hamilton, first son of Alexander Hamilton and Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton, (fatally shot by George Eacker in a duel at age 19) (born 1782)
- A. P. C. Griffin. Issues of the District of Columbia Press in 1800, 1801, 1802. Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C., Vol. 4, (1901), pp. 32–74
- John Marshall on the Judiciary, the Republicans, and Jefferson, March 4, 1801. The American Historical Review, Vol. 53, No. 3 (April, 1948), pp. 518–520
- Dorothy MacKay Quynn. Dangers of Subversion in an American Education: A French View, 1801. The Catholic Historical Review, Vol. 39, No. 1 (April, 1953), pp. 28–35
- Bennard B. Perlman. Baltimore Mansion, 1801-03. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 14, No. 1 (March, 1955), pp. 26–28.
- Carroll W. Pursell, Jr. E. I. du Pont, Don Pedro, and the Introduction of Merino Sheep into the United States, 1801: A Document. Agricultural History, Vol. 33, No. 2 (April, 1959), pp. 86–88
- Donald R. Hickey. The United States Army versus Long Hair: The Trials of Colonel Thomas Butler, 1801-1805. The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 101, No. 4 (October, 1977), pp. 462–474
- Albert E. Van Dusen. "Eli Whitney". Laptop Encyclopedia of Connecticut History. CTHeritage.org, 2003. Retrieved December 24, 2011.
- John W. Wagner. New York City Concert Life, 1801-5. American Music, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer, 1984), pp. 53–69
- Media related to 1801 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons