1805 in the United States
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|1805 in the United States|
The Star Spangled Banner, 15 stars, 15 stripes (1795–1818)
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|History of the United States (1789–1849)|
Events from the year 1805 in the United States.
- President: Thomas Jefferson (DR-Virginia)
- Vice President: Aaron Burr (DR-New York) (until March 4), George Clinton (DR-New York) (starting March 4)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Nathaniel Macon (DR-North Carolina)
- Congress: 8th (until March 4), 9th (starting March 4)
- January 11 – Michigan Territory is created.
- February 11 – Jean Baptiste Charbonneau, son of Sacagawea is born with Meriwether Lewis aiding in the baby's delivery.
- February 15 – Harmony Society formally established in the U.S. at Harmony, Pennsylvania.
- March 1 – Justice Samuel Chase is acquitted of impeachment charges by the U.S. Senate.
- March 3 – Louisiana Territory is created.
- March 4 – Thomas Jefferson is sworn in for a second term as President of the United States.
- April 7 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition departs Fort Mandan for the Pacific Ocean
- April 27 – Battle of Derne: United States Marines and Berbers attack the Tripolitan city of Derna (The "Shores of Tripoli").
- June 4 – The First Barbary War ends between Tripoli and the United States of America.
- June 11 – Detroit burns to the ground; most of the city is destroyed.
- June 13 – Lewis and Clark Expedition: Scouting ahead of the expedition, Meriwether Lewis and four companions sight the Great Falls of the Missouri River, confirming they are heading in the right direction.
- June 30 – Michigan Territory is effective.
- July 4 – Louisiana Territory is effective.
- October 18 – Lewis and Clark Expedition spot Mount Hood.
- November 7 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition arrives at the Pacific Ocean.
- February 11 – Jean Baptiste Charbonneau, son of Sacagawea, American explorer, guide, fur trapper, trader, and Military Scout. (died 1866)
- June 14 – Robert Anderson, United States Army officer during the American Civil War (died 1871 in France)
- July 10 – Jacob M. Howard, United States Senator from Michigan from 1862 till 1871. (died 1871)
- October 9 – William M. Gwin, United States Senator from California from 1850 till 1855 and from 1857 till 1861. (died 1885)
- December 23 – Joseph Smith, Jr., American religious leader and founder of Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint movement. (died 1844)
- John Lathrop. Effects of Lightning on the House of Capt. Daniel Merry, and Several Other Houses in the Vicinity, on the Evening of the 11th of May 1805. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 1 (1809), pp. 86–91
- William Lattimore to his Constituents, 1805. The American Historical Review, Vol. 29, No. 3 (April, 1924), pp. 506–510
- W. H. G. Armytage. A Sheffield Quaker in Philadelphia 1804-1806. Pennsylvania History, Vol. 17, No. 3 (1950), pp. 192–205
- Rollo G. Silver. Belcher & Armstrong Set up Shop: 1805. Studies in Bibliography, Vol. 4, (1951/1952), pp. 201–204
- Dorothy Wollon, Margaret Kinard. Sir Augustus J. Foster and "The Wild Natives of the Woods," 1805-1807. The William and Mary Quarterly, Third Series, Vol. 9, No. 2 (April, 1952), pp. 191–214
- Jerry W. Knudson. The Jeffersonian Assault on the Federalist Judiciary, 1802–1805; Political Forces and Press Reaction. The American Journal of Legal History, Vol. 14, No. 1 (January, 1970), pp. 55–75
- Charles Merrill Mount. Gilbert Stuart in Washington: With a Catalogue of His Portraits Painted between December 1803 and July 1805. Records of the Columbia Historical Society, Washington, D.C., Vol. 71/72, The 48th separately bound book (1971/1972), pp. 81–127
- John W. Wagner. New York City Concert Life, 1801-5. American Music, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Summer, 1984), pp. 53–69
- Linda K. Kerber. The Paradox of Women's Citizenship in the Early Republic: The Case of Martin vs. Massachusetts, 1805. The American Historical Review, Vol. 97, No. 2 (April, 1992), pp. 349–378
- Trey Berry. The Expedition of William Dunbar and George Hunter along the Ouachita River, 1804-1805. The Arkansas Historical Quarterly, Vol. 62, No. 4, The Louisiana Purchase: Empires, Nations, Communities (Winter, 2003), pp. 386–403
- John Craig Hammond. "They Are Very Much Interested in Obtaining an Unlimited Slavery": Rethinking the Expansion of Slavery in the Louisiana Purchase Territories, 1803-1805. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 23, No. 3 (Autumn, 2003), pp. 353–380
- Media related to 1805 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons