1806 in literature
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This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1806.
- Noah Webster publishes his first English dictionary, A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language, recording distinctive American spellings.
- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe completes a preliminary version of his Faust.
- Sir Roger Newdigate founds the Newdigate Prize for English Poetry at the University of Oxford. The first winner is John Wilson ("Christopher North").
- Nólsoyar Páll completes his anti-Danish Fuglakvæði (Ballad of the Birds), one of the first significant works in the Faroese language.
- December 29 – Thomas Dibdin's pantomime Harlequin and Mother Goose; or, The Golden Egg opens at the Covent Garden Theatre in London starring Joseph Grimaldi. It runs for 111 performances.
- Harriet Butler – Vensenshon
- Sophie Ristaud Cottin – Elisabeth, ou les Exilés de Sibérie
- Catherine Cuthbertson – Santo Sebastiano
- Charlotte Dacre – Zofloya
- Maria Edgeworth – Leonora
- Rachel Hunter -Lady Maclairn, the Victim of Villany
- Francis Lathom – The Mysterious Freebooter
- Matthew Gregory Lewis – Feudal Tyrants
- Sydney Owenson – The Wild Irish Girl
- Louisa Stanhope – Montbrasil Abbey
Children and young people
- Elizabeth Dawbarn – Young Person's Assistant in Reading the Old Testament
- Ann Taylor and Jane Taylor – Rhymes for the Nursery
- Richard Cumberland – Hint to Husbands
- Heinrich von Kleist – The Broken Jug (Der zerbrochne Krug, written)
- Leandro Fernández de Moratín – The Maidens' Consent (El sí de las niñas, first performed)
- J. C. Adelung – Mithridates, a History of Language and Dialects
- Johann Gottlieb Fichte – Bericht über die Wissenschaftslehre
- James Madison – An Examination of the British Doctrine which Subjects to Capture a Neutral Trade not Open in Time of Peace
- Maria Eliza Rundell (as A Lady) – A New System of Domestic Cookery
- Jane West – Letters to a Young Lady
- February 1 – Jane Williams (Ysgafell), Welsh poet, folklorist and historian (died 1885)
- March 6 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet (died 1861)
- March 26 – James Hogg, Scottish editor and publisher (died 1888)
- April 17 – William Gilmore Simms, American author (died 1870)
- May 20 – John Stuart Mill, English political economist and philosopher (died 1873)
- July 20 – John Sterling, Scottish essayist and poet (died 1844)
- July 22 – Johann Kaspar Zeuss, German historian and philologist (died 1856)
- August 31 – Charles Lever, Irish novelist (died 1872)
- November 11 – Georgiana Chatterton, English novelist and travel writer (died 1876)
- February 12 – Gabriel-Henri Gaillard, French historian (born 1726)
- February 19 – Elizabeth Carter, English poet, writer and translator (born 1717)
- February 24 – Collin d'Harleville, French dramatist (born 1755)
- March 3 – Heinrich Christian Boie, German poet and editor (born 1744)
- April 4 – Carlo Gozzi, Venetian dramatist (born 1720)
- May 6 – Ann Yearsley, English poet, writer and library proprietor (died 1753)
- October 19 – Henry Kirke White, English poet (born 1785)
- October 28 – Charlotte Turner Smith, English poet and novelist (born 1749)
- November 23 – Sir Roger Newdigate, English antiquary, politician and literary patron (born 1719)
- "children's literature - Historical sketches of the major literatures". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- "Elizabeth Carter - British author". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 January 2017.