1806 in the United Kingdom
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Events from the year 1806 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
- Monarch - George III
- Prime Minister - William Pitt the Younger (Tory) (until 23 January), Lord Grenville (coalition) (starting 23 January)
- 8 January - Cape Colony becomes a British colony.
- 9 January - Burial of Lord Nelson in St Paul's Cathedral.
- 10 January - Dutch in Cape Town surrender to the British.
- 19 January - The British occupy the Cape of Good Hope.
- 6 February - Action of 6 February 1806: Royal Navy victory off Santo Domingo.
- 11 February - Ministry of All the Talents formed by Lord Grenville after the death of Pitt.
- 20 March - Construction begins of Dartmoor Prison, to house prisoners of war.
- 4 July - Battle of Maida between Britain and France in Calabria.
- 7 July - Start of the first Gentlemen v Players cricket match (discontinued in 1963).
- 10 July - Vellore Mutiny: the first instance of a mutiny by the Indian sepoys against the British East India Company.
- 7 October - Carbon paper patented by Ralph Wedgwood.
- 29 October to 17 December - A General election sees Grenville continue as Prime Minister
- November - Napoleon declares a Continental Blockade against the British.
- undated - Henry Dundas is impeached, on the initiative of Samuel Whitbread, for the misappropriation of public money at the Admiralty but is acquitted. This will be the last impeachment trial ever held in the House of Lords.
- Rhymes for the Nursery by sisters Jane and Ann Taylor published in London, including Jane's "The Star" ("Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star").
- 1 February - Jane Williams, writer (died 1885)
- 6 March - Elizabeth Barrett Browning, poet (died 1861)
- 9 April - Isambard Kingdom Brunel, engineer (died 1859)
- 21 April - George Cornewall Lewis, statesman (died 1863)
- 20 May - John Stuart Mill, philosopher (died 1873)
- 23 January - William Pitt the Younger, Prime Minister (born 1759)
- 19 February - Elizabeth Carter, writer (born 1717)
- 20 February - Lachlan McIntosh, Scottish-born American military and political leader (born 1725)
- 17 March - David Dale, philanthropist (born 1739)
- 23 March - George Pinto composer (born 1785)
- 24 May - John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, field marshal (born 1723)
- 10 July - George Stubbs, painter (born 1724)
- 22 October - Thomas Sheraton, furniture designer (born 1751)
- 23 November - Roger Newdigate, politician (born 1719)
- 29 December - Charles Lennox, 3rd Duke of Richmond, politician (born 1735)
- Unknown date
- Mungo Park, explorer (born 1771)
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 241–242. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Opie, Iona; Peter (1997). The Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. pp. 397–8. ISBN 0-19-860088-7.
- Cryer, Max (2009). Love Me Tender: the Stories Behind the World's Best-loved Songs. London: Frances Lincoln. pp. 83–5. ISBN 978-0-7112-2911-2.
- "The Star". Representative Poetry Online. University of Toronto. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-08.