1815 in New Zealand

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1815 in New Zealand
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The first Christian mission is established at Rangihoua. The Hansen family, the first non-missionary family also settles there. Samuel Marsden explores the Hauraki Gulf and travels to within sight of Tauranga Harbour. The first book in Māori is published in Sydney. The first European is born in New Zealand.

Visits by sealing ships begin to decline; they are now sealing almost exclusively at the Macquarie and Campbell Islands and travel either via the east coast of New Zealand (calling at the Bay of Islands en route for refreshments) or via the southern fjords/Foveaux Strait/Stewart Island (stopping for refreshments in either/both directions).[1]


Regal and viceregal[edit]


  • 9[2] or 13 January[3]Samuel Marsden, with a number of Māori including Te Morenga (as interpreter), Ruatara and Tui, leaves the Bay of Islands on the Active, commanded by Thomas Hansen Snr, to prospect the coast as far as Thames.[4][5][6]
  • 16 January – The Active anchors off Whakatiwai pā on the Firth of Thames coast. Marsden meets Ngāti Paoa chief Te Haupa.[2]
  • 17 January – The Active anchors off Orere Point.[2]
  • 19 January – Returning northward the Active calls into Whangarei, apparently only the second ever European vessel to do so, after the Venus in 1806.[2]
  • 20 January – At Pataua, just north of Whangarei, the passengers and crew of the Active meet Moehanga who had gone to England in 1805.[2]
  • 22 January - The Active returns to the Bay of Islands and anchors at Rangihoua Bay.[1]
  • 28 January - The Active anchors at the mouth of the Kawakawa river to collect timber.[1]
  • 15 February – The Active completes loading of flax and timber to take back to Port Jackson[3]
  • 21 February – Thomas Holloway King is the first European born in New Zealand.[7][8] (see also 1816, 1817 & 1818)
  • 24 February – Having completed the purchase of 200 acres for the mission site at Rangihoua, Marsden leaves for Port Jackson accompanied by chiefs Te Morenga and Te Pehi(Tupe).[3][5]
  • 3 March – Ngāpuhi chief Ruatara dies. His protection of the mission at Rangihoua passes to his uncle Hongi Hika. Ruatara’s plans to trade in wheat (see 1814) die with him.[9][10][11]
  • 17 May - Te Morenga and Tupe return from Port Jackson on the Active.[12]
  • 25 December – Thomas Hansen Jnr marries Elizabeth Tollis in Sydney.[13] (see also 1816 & 1817)
  • Thomas Kendall has the first book printed in Māori, A korao no New Zealand; or, the New Zealander's first book; being an attempt to compose some lessons for the instruction of the natives, published in Sydney.[14] (see also 1820)
  • Sealers from the Governor Bligh under captain John Grono are the first Europeans to land in Canterbury at Banks Peninsula.[15][16]
  • William Tucker returns to Otago Harbour, possibly on the Governor Bligh, and takes up residence at Whareakeake where he lives with a Māori woman. (see also 1817)
  • Te Rauparaha returns from his 5-year stay with Ngāti Maru in the Hauraki Gulf. During his stay he has received his first musket.[17]
  • Despite the incident of 1813 or 1814, when the Matilda under Captain Fowler returns to Otago Harbour in desperate need of fresh food and water, its crew are welcomed and assisted by local Māori without incident.[1]
  • The schooner The Brothers arrives in Port Jackson with a small cargo of Kauri gum, the first known export of minerals from New Zealand.[18]




See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Salmond, Anne. Between Worlds. 1997. Penguin Books (NZ) Ltd. ISBN 0-670-87787-5.
  2. ^ a b c d e NZETC: Maori Wars of the Nineteenth Century, 1815
  3. ^ a b c Dictionary of New Zealand Biography: Samuel Marsden
  4. ^ At this time "Thames" actually refers to all the east coast south from Cape Rodney to Firth of Thames and the west coast of Coromandel Peninsula. See Maori Wars of the Nineteenth Century, 1815a
  5. ^ a b New Zealand Encuclopaedia 1966: Te Morenga Biography
  6. ^ A Manukau Timeline
  7. ^ Hansen-King Family Tree
  8. ^ Early European Visits to NZ
  9. ^ New Zealand Encyclopaedia 1966: Ruatara Biography
  10. ^ New Zealand Encyclopaedia 1966: Hongi Hika Biography
  11. ^ Dictionary of New Zealand Biography: Ruatara
  12. ^ NZETC: Maori Wars of the Nineteenth Century, 1815a
  13. ^ Ancestry.com: Thomas Hansen Biography
  14. ^ Dictionary of New Zealand Biography: Thomas Kendall
  15. ^ Early Europeans in New Zealand
  16. ^ Early Christchurch
  17. ^ Dictionary of New Zealand Biography: Te Rauparaha
  18. ^ Dunmore, Patricia (ed.) (1977). The Dunmore Book of New Zealand Records. p. 21. ISBN 0-908564-08-2. 
  19. ^ a b c d Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
  20. ^ Cyclopedia Company Limited (1905). "Ex-Mayors". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Otago & Southland Provincial Districts. Christchurch: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 29 June 2012. 
  21. ^ Geoffrey Dutton, (1967) The hero as murderer : the life of Edward John Eyre, Australian explorer and Governor of Jamaica 1815-1901 Sydney : Collins ; Melbourne : Cheshire, (paperback reprint: Penguin, 1977).
  22. ^ Bilkey, Joy M. (22 June 2007). "Seuffert, Anton 1814/1815? - 1887". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. 
  23. ^ Winder, Virginia (27 May 2003). "Pacifist of Parihaka - Te Whiti o Rongomai". 
  24. ^ Ballara, Angela. (22 June 2007). "Ruatara ? - 1815". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography.