1818 and 1819 United States House of Representatives elections

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1818 and 1819 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1816 / 1817 April 26, 1818 – August 12, 1819[a] 1820 / 1821 →

All 186[b] seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
94 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Henry Clay.jpg JohnSergeant.png
Leader Henry Clay John Sergeant
Party Democratic-Republican Federalist
Leader's seat Kentucky 2nd Pennsylvania 1st
Last election 145 seats 40 seats
Seats won 158[b] 28
Seat change Increase 13 Decrease 12

Speaker before election

Henry Clay
Democratic-Republican

Elected Speaker

Henry Clay
Democratic-Republican

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 16th Congress were held in the various states between April 28, 1818 (in New York) and August 12, 1819 (in North Carolina), with Alabama electing its first representatives September 20–21, 1819 during James Monroe's first term. The Congress assembled December 6, 1819.

The election occurred in a time period that featured no pressing federal issues and a feeling of national consensus to the effectiveness of the ruling party. The Federalist collapse continued, as support for the party was dismal outside New England due to a decline in an acceptance of their ideology and lingering anger over the secessionist doctrine produced at the Hartford Convention. The Democratic-Republicans used this election to increase their enormous majority.

Election summaries[edit]

Illinois was admitted in 1818, adding one seat.[1]

Alabama and Maine were admitted during the 16th Congress. One new seat was added for Alabama,[2] while Maine had split off from Massachusetts and so representatives from the former District of Maine continued in Congress representing Maine, and no general election was held for Representatives from Maine during this Congress. In the next election, 7 seats were transferred from Massachusetts to Maine.[3]

158 28
Democratic-Republican Federalist
State Type ↑ Date Total
seats
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist
Seats Change Seats Change
New York Districts April 28–30, 1818 27 21 Decrease1 6 Increase1
Louisiana At-large July 6–8, 1818 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Indiana At-large August 3, 1818 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Kentucky Districts August 3, 1818 10 10 Steady 0 Steady
Rhode Island At-large August 25, 1818 2 2 Increase2 0 Decrease2
Vermont At-large September 1, 1818 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Connecticut At-large September 21, 1818 7 7 Increase7 0 Decrease7
Delaware At-large October 5, 1818 2 1 Steady 1 Steady
Georgia At-large October 5, 1818 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland Districts October 5, 1818 9 6 Increase1 3 Decrease1
South Carolina Districts October 12–13, 1818 9 9 Steady 0 Steady
New Jersey At-large October 13, 1818 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Ohio Districts October 13, 1818 6 5 Steady 1 Steady
Pennsylvania Districts October 13, 1818 23 19 Steady 4 Steady
Massachusetts Districts November 2, 1818 20 13 Increase4 7 Decrease4
Late elections (after the March 4, 1819 beginning of the term)
Virginia Districts April 1819 23 20 Steady 3 Steady
New Hampshire At-large March 9, 1819 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Illinois At-large August 2, 1819 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Mississippi At-large August 2–3, 1819 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Tennessee Districts August 5–6, 1819 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina Districts August 12, 1819 13 10 Decrease1 3 Increase1
Alabama At-large September 20–21, 1819 1 1 Increase1 0 Steady
Total of regular elections[b] 186 158
84.9%
Increase13 28
15.1%
Decrease12
House seats
Democratic-Republican
84.9%
Federalist
15.1%

Special elections[edit]

There were special elections in 1818 and 1819 to the 15th United States Congress and 16th United States Congress.

Special elections are sorted by date then district.

15th Congress[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Illinois at-large None (District created) Illinois was admitted December 3, 1818.
New member elected in 1818.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New member seated December 4, 1818 to finish the term ending March 3, 1819.[4]
The next year, the new member lost re-election, see below.
John McLean (Democratic-Republican) 50.2%
Daniel P. Cook (Democratic-Republican) 49.8%
Connecticut at-large Uriel Holmes Federalist 1816 Incumbent resigned sometime in 1818.
New member elected before November 1818.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Successor seated November 16, 1818.[4]
Successor was not a candidate for the next term, see below.
Sylvester Gilbert (Democratic-Republican) 48.6%
Lyman Law (Federalist) 23.8%
Asa Bacon Jr. (Federalist) 15.2%
Epaphroditus Champion (Federalist) 7.0%
Lewis B. Sturges (Federalist) 1.8%
Charles Dennison (Federalist) 1.5%
Nathan Smith (Federalist) 1.1%
John Davenport Jr. (Federalist) <1%
Benjamin Talmadge (Federalist) <1%
James Gould (Federalist) <1%[5]
North Carolina 7 Vacant Member-elect Alexander McMillan died before this Congress began.
New member elected January 1, 1818.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Successor seated January 26, 1818.[4]
Successor later lost re-election, see below.
James Stewart (Democratic-Republican) 40.6%
John Culpepper (Federalist)36.9%
Atlas Jones (Federalist) 18.1%
James Gaines 3.2%[c]
Joseph Winslow (Federalist) 1.3%[6]
Alabama Territory at-large None (District created) New seat.
New member elected January 29, 1818.
Successor seated March 9, 1818.[4]
Successor later elected to the new state, see below.
John Crowell
[Data unknown/missing.]
South Carolina 6
"Edgefield district"
John C. Calhoun Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent resigned November 3, 1817 to become U.S. Secretary of War.
New member elected in January 1818.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated February 9, 1818.[4]
Successor later re-elected, see below.
Eldred Simkins (Democratic-Republican) 40.8%
William Butler (Democratic-Republican) 30.4%
Joseph Black (Democratic-Republican) 28.8%[7]
Massachusetts 20
"7th Eastern district" District of Maine
Albion K. Parris Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent resigned February 3, 1818.
New member elected March 16, 1818.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor later re-elected, see below.
Successor seated November 16, 1818.[4]
Enoch Lincoln (Democratic-Republican) 57.0%
Judah Dana 25.7%
Samuel A. Bradley (Federalist) 17.3%[8]
Pennsylvania 6 John Ross Democratic-Republican 1808 Incumbent resigned February 24, 1818 to become President Judge of Pennsylvania's 7th Judicial Circuit.
New member elected March 3, 1818.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated March 24, 1818.[4]
Successor resigned July 6, 1818, see below.
Thomas J. Rogers (Democratic-Republican) 93.0%
Samuel Sitgreaves (Federalist) 7.0%[9]
Pennsylvania 4 Jacob Spangler Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent resigned April 20, 1818.
New member elected Between April and November 1818.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 16, 1818.[4]
Successor also elected to the next term, see below.
Jacob Hostetter (Democratic-Republican) 49.7%
Samuel Bacon (Democratic-Republican) 44.7%
John Clark 5.7%[10]
Louisiana at-large Thomas B. Robertson Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent resigned April 20, 1818.
New member elected July 6–8, 1818.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated November 16, 1818.[4]
Successor elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Thomas Butler (Democratic-Republican) 45.1%
Edward Livingston 33.4%
Joseph Johnston 19.6%
Fulwar Skipwith 1.5%[11]
Pennsylvania 6 Samuel D. Ingham Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent resigned July 6, 1818.
New member elected October 13, 1818.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Successor seated November 16, 1818.[4]
Samuel Moore (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed[12]
North Carolina 11 Daniel Forney Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent resigned sometime in 1818.
New member elected November 7, 1818.
Federalist gain.
Successor seated December 2, 1818.[4]
Successor later re-elected, see below.
William Davidson (Federalist) 51.9%
John Reid (Democratic-Republican) 48.1%[13]
Virginia 19 Peterson Goodwyn Democratic-Republican 1803 Incumbent died February 21, 1818.
New member elected November 16, 1818.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated April 21, 1818.[4]
Successor later lost re-election, see below.
John Pegram (Democratic-Republican) 53.9%
James Jones (Democratic-Republican) 46.1%[14]
Georgia at-large John Forsyth Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent resigned November 23, 1818 when elected U.S. Senator.
New member elected January 4, 1819 both to finish the term and to the next term.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor seated February 18, 1819.[4]
Robert R. Reid (Democratic-Republican) 66.7%
Homer Virgil Milton (Unknown) 33.3%[15]
North Carolina 10 George Mumford Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent died December 31, 1818.
New member elected between January 1, 1819 and February 11, 1819.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Successor seated February 11, 1819.[4]
Successor was later re-elected to the next term, see below.
Charles Fisher (Democratic-Republican) 48.6%[16]
[Data unknown/missing.]

16th Congress[edit]

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Alabama at-large John Crowell Democratic-Republican 1818 (as Territorial Delegate) Alabama was admitted as a state December 14, 1819.[17]
Incumbent territorial delegate re-elected as member.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New member seated December 14, 1819.[17]
John Crowell (Democratic-Republican) 53.2%
Henry Chambers (Democratic-Republican) 46.8%[18]
Arkansas Territory at-large Vacant Arkansas Territory organized July 4, 1819.
New delegate elected in 1819.
New delegate seated December 21, 1819.[17]
James Woodson Bates 32.1%
Stephen F. Austin 26.2%
Alexander S. Walker 18.1%
Henry Cassidy 12.2%
Robert F. Slaughter 11.1%
Perly Wallis 0.3%

Alabama[edit]

See Special elections, above.

Connecticut[edit]

Connecticut elected its members September 21, 1818. The delegation changed from seven Federalists to seven Democratic-Republicans then the retirement of six incumbents and the party-change of the seventh.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
Ebenezer Huntington Federalist 1817 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
James Stevens (Democratic-Republican) 10.3%
Jonathan O. Moseley (Democratic-Republican) 9.8%
Gideon Tomlinson (Democratic-Republican) 9.5%
Elisha Phelps (Democratic-Republican) 8.7%
John Russ (Democratic-Republican) 7.5%
Henry W. Edwards (Democratic-Republican) 7.4%
Samuel A. Foot (Democratic-Republican) 7.3%
David Bolles (Democratic-Republican) 5.9%
Ralph Ingersoll (Democratic-Republican) 5.4%
Noyes Barber (Democratic-Republican) 4.2%
Christopher Manwarring (Democratic-Republican) 4.2%
Orange Merwin (Democratic-Republican) 4.1%
John T. Peters (Democratic-Republican) 4.0%
Calvin Willey (Democratic-Republican) 3.9%
Elisha Tracy (Democratic-Republican) 3.3%
Seth P. Beers (Democratic-Republican) 3.0%
Jonathan O. Moseley Federalist 1804 Incumbent changed parties and re-elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Samuel B. Sherwood Federalist 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Timothy Pitkin Federalist 1805 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Nathaniel Terry Federalist 1817 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Thomas Scott Williams Federalist 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Uriel Holmes Federalist 1816 Incumbent resigned sometime in 1818.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Successor was not elected to finish the term.

Delaware[edit]

Delaware elected its members October 5, 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Delaware at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Louis McLane Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Louis McLane (Federalist) 26.0%
Willard Hall (Democratic-Republican) 25.2%
Thomas Clayton (Federalist) 24.3%
George Read Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 23.6%
Willard Hall Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.

Georgia[edit]

Georgia elected its members October 5, 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
William Terrell Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. John Forsyth (Democratic-Republican) 16.7%
John A. Cuthbert (Democratic-Republican) 15.8%
William Terrell (Democratic-Republican) 15.8%
Joel Crawford (Democratic-Republican) 15.2%
Joel Abbot (Democratic-Republican) 14.6%
Thomas W. Cobb (Democratic-Republican) 14.6%
Richard Henry Wilde (Democratic-Republican) 7.4%
Joel Crawford Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Joel Abbot Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Zadock Cook Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Forsyth Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected but declined the seat and resigned November 23, 1818, having been elected U.S. Senator, leading to a special election.
Thomas W. Cobb Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.

Illinois[edit]

Illinois elected its member August 2, 1819, after the new congress began but before the first session convened. The incumbent had just been elected to the new seat in late 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Illinois at-large John McLean Democratic-Republican 1818[e] Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Daniel P. Cook (Democratic-Republican) 59.4%
John McLean (Democratic-Republican) 40.6%

Indiana[edit]

Indiana re-elected its member August 3, 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Indiana at-large William Hendricks Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. William Hendricks (Democratic-Republican) 90.5%
Reuben W. Nelson 9.5%

Kentucky[edit]

Kentucky elected its members August 3, 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kentucky 1 David Trimble Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. David Trimble (Democratic-Republican) 70.6%
Thomas Fletcher (Democratic-Republican) 29.4%
Kentucky 2 Henry Clay Democratic-Republican 1810
1814 (Resigned)
1814
1815 (Seat declared vacant)
1815 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. Henry Clay (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Kentucky 3 Richard M. Johnson Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Brown (Democratic-Republican) 59.0%
Benjamin Taylor (Federalist) 41.0%
Kentucky 4 Joseph Desha Democratic-Republican 1806 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas Metcalfe (Democratic-Republican) 61.9%
Joseph Desha (Democratic-Republican) 38.1%
Kentucky 5 Anthony New Democratic-Republican 1810
1814 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Alney McLean (Democratic-Republican) 54.3%
Matthew Lyon (Democratic-Republican) 45.7%
Kentucky 6 David Walker Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. David Walker (Democratic-Republican) 78.5%
Francis Johnson (Democratic-Republican) 14.0%
Benbrook[f] 7.5%
Kentucky 7 George Robertson Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. George Robertson (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Kentucky 8 Richard C. Anderson Jr. Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Richard C. Anderson Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Kentucky 9 Tunstall Quarles Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Tunstall Quarles (Democratic-Republican)[g]
Kentucky 10 Thomas Speed Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Benjamin Hardin (Democratic-Republican) 31.2%
Richard Rudd 30.9%
John Rowan (Democratic-Republican) 26.0%
John Hays 11.9%

Louisiana[edit]

Louisiana elected its member July 6–8, 1818.

Louisiana held an election for the 16th Congress at the same time that it held a special election to finish the 15th Congress. Data were only available for the special election, but the general election would presumably have had very similar results, and so the results for the special election are duplicated here.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Louisiana at-large Thomas B. Robertson Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent resigned April 20, 1818.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor elected the same day to finish the current term, see above.
Thomas Butler (Democratic-Republican) 45.1%
Edward Livingston 33.4%
Joseph Johnston 19.6%
Fulwar Skipwith 1.5%[19]

Maryland[edit]

Maryland elected its members October 5, 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Maryland 1 Philip Stuart Federalist 1810 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Raphael Neale (Federalist) 39.8%
Nicholas Stonestreet (Federalist) 38.6%
Henry G.S. Key (Federalist) 21.5%
Maryland 2 John C. Herbert Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Joseph Kent (Democratic-Republican) 56.7%
John C. Weems (Federalist) 43.3%
Maryland 3 George Peter Federalist 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Henry R. Warfield (Federalist) 59.1%
George Peter (Federalist) 40.9%
Maryland 4 Samuel Ringgold Democratic-Republican 1810
1814 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Ringgold (Democratic-Republican) 97.7%
Benjamin Galloway (Federalist) 2.1%
Maryland 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1792
1803 (Retired)
1816
Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 50.3%
Peter Little (Democratic-Republican) 49.7%
Peter Little Democratic-Republican 1810
1812 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 6 Philip Reed Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Stevenson Archer (Democratic-Republican) 56.1%
Philip Reed (Democratic-Republican) 43.9%
Maryland 7 Thomas Culbreth Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Culbreth (Democratic-Republican) 70.0%
Robert Wright (Democratic-Republican) 30.0%
Maryland 8 Thomas Bayly Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Bayly (Federalist) 98.3%
Charles Goldsborough (Federalist) 1.4%

Massachusetts[edit]

Massachusetts elected its members November 2, 1818. Massachusetts's electoral law required a majority for election, necessitating additional elections in five districts on April 5, 1819 and July 26, 1819.

This was the last election in which the District of Maine — comprising congressional districts 14 through 20 — was part of Massachusetts. The District became the State of Maine during the 16th Congress.

District[h] Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Massachusetts 1 Jonathan Mason Federalist 1817 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Jonathan Mason (Federalist) 64.5%
Andrew Ritchie (Democratic-Republican) 35.5%
Massachusetts 2 Nathaniel Silsbee Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Silsbee (Democratic-Republican) 64.2%
Timothy Pickering (Federalist) 34.5%
Thomas Stevens (Federalist) 1.3%
Massachusetts 3 Jeremiah Nelson Federalist 1804
1806 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent re-elected. Jeremiah Nelson (Federalist) 87.0%
Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 7.9%
Others 5.1%
Massachusetts 4 Timothy Fuller Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Timothy Fuller (Democratic-Republican) 63.9%
Samuel P. Fay (Federalist) 36.1%
Massachusetts 5 Elijah H. Mills Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
First ballot (November 2, 1818):
Samuel Lathrop (Federalist) 48.1%
Isaac C. Bates (Federalist) 22.7%
Thomas Shepherd (Democratic-Republican) 19.6%
Joseph Lyman (Federalist) 9.5%

Second ballot (April 5, 1819):
Samuel Lathrop (Federalist) 55.5%
Thomas Shepherd (Democratic-Republican) 27.7%
Joseph Lyman (Federalist) 16.8%
Massachusetts 6 Samuel C. Allen Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel C. Allen (Federalist) 86.2%
Elihu Lyman (Democratic-Republican) 8.0%
Others 5.8%
Massachusetts 7 Henry Shaw Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. First ballot (November 2, 1818):
Henry Shaw (Democratic-Republican) 48.8%
Henry W. Dwight (Federalist) 47.0%
Ambrose Hall 2.7%
Others 1.5%

Second ballot (April 5, 1819):
Henry Shaw (Democratic-Republican) 50.8%
Henry W. Dwight (Federalist) 45.8%
Others 3.4%[20]
Massachusetts 8 Zabdiel Sampson Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Zabdiel Sampson (Democratic-Republican) 59.6%
William Bourne (Federalist) 40.4%
Massachusetts 9 Walter Folger Jr. Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Walter Folger Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 51.3%
John Reed Jr. (Federalist) 48.7%
Massachusetts 10 Marcus Morton Democratic-Republican 1816 Re-elected Marcus Morton (Democratic-Republican) 55.0%
Francis Baylies (Federalist) 43.8%
Hodijah Baylies 1.2%
Massachusetts 11 Benjamin Adams Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Benjamin Adams (Federalist) 59.8%
Sumner Barstow (Democratic-Republican) 40.2%
Massachusetts 12 Solomon Strong Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Jonas Kendall 63.5%
Edmund Cushing (Democratic-Republican) 31.7%
Others 4.8%
Massachusetts 13 Nathaniel Ruggles Federalist 1812 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Edward Dowse (Democratic-Republican) 54.9%
Nathaniel Ruggles (Federalist) 45.1%
Massachusetts 14 John Holmes Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. John Holmes (Democratic-Republican) 93.6%
Others 6.4%
Massachusetts 15 Ezekiel Whitman Federalist 1808
1810 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent re-elected. Ezekiel Whitman (Federalist) 54.0%
Arthur Ware (Democratic-Republican) 46.0%
Massachusetts 16 Benjamin Orr Federalist 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 2, 1818):
Mark L. Hill (Democratic-Republican) 48.6%
Benjamin Orr (Federalist) 38.0%
Others 13.4%

Second ballot (April 5, 1819):
Mark L. Hill (Democratic-Republican) 52.1%[i]
Benjamin Orr (Federalist) 41.3%
Joshua Head (Federalist) 7.3%[21]

Third ballot (July 26, 1819):
Mark L. Hill (Democratic-Republican) 52.1%
Benjamin Orr (Federalist) 47.9%[22]
Massachusetts 17 John Wilson Federalist 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 2, 1818):
Martin Kinsley (Democratic-Republican) 41.3%
John Wilson (Federalist) 29.9%
Leonard Jarvis (Democratic-Republican) 24.7%
Others 4.1%

Second ballot (April 5, 1819):
Martin Kinsley (Democratic-Republican) 48.3%
John Wilson (Federalist) 29.9%
Leonard Jarvis (Democratic-Republican) 15.7%
Others 6.1%

Third ballot (July 26, 1819):
Martin Kinsley (Democratic-Republican) 61.7%
John Wilson (Federalist) 29.3%
Leonard Jarvis (Democratic-Republican) 2.4%
Others 6.7%
Massachusetts 18 Thomas Rice Federalist 1814 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 2, 1818):
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 49.7%
Peter Grant (Federalist) 41.8%
Joshua Gage (Democratic-Republican) 5.3%
Others 3.2%

Second ballot (April 5, 1819):
James Parker (Democratic-Republican) 57.3%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 34.8%
Joshua Gage (Democratic-Republican) 7.2%
Massachusetts 19 Joshua Gage Democratic-Republican 1816 Ran in the 18th district and lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joshua Cushman (Democratic-Republican) 56.1%
Thomas Rice (Federalist) 43.9%
Massachusetts 20 Enoch Lincoln Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Enoch Lincoln (Democratic-Republican) 66.6%
Samuel A. Bradley (Federalist) 33.4%

Mississippi[edit]

Mississippi elected its member August 2–3, 1819, after the new congress began but before the first session convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi at-large George Poindexter Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Christopher Rankin (Democratic-Republican) 68.9%
Cowles Mead (Democratic-Republican) 31.1%

New Hampshire[edit]

New Hampshire elected its members March 9, 1819, after the new congress began but before the first session convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Josiah Butler Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Arthur Livermore (Democratic-Republican) 11.5%
Nathaniel Upham (Democratic-Republican) 11.1%
Josiah Butler (Democratic-Republican) 11.0%
Clifton Clagett (Democratic-Republican) 10.9%
Joseph Buffum Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 10.6%
William Plumer Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 8.8%
Jeremiah Smith (Federalist) 5.9%
Levi Jackson (Federalist) 5.8%
Parker Noyes (Federalist) 5.8%
Stephen Moody (Federalist) 5.7%
Mills Olcott (Federalist) 5.6%
John Haven (Federalist) 5.2%
George Long (Independent) 2.3%
Nathaniel Upham Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Clifton Clagett Democratic-Republican 1802
1804 (Retired)
1816
Incumbent re-elected.
Salma Hale Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John F. Parrott Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Arthur Livermore Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.

New Jersey[edit]

New Jersey elected its members October 13, 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
New Jersey at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
John Linn Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Ephraim Bateman (Democratic-Republican) 16.3%
John Linn (Democratic-Republican) 16.2%
Joseph Bloomfield (Democratic-Republican) 15.4%
Bernard Smith (Democratic-Republican) 15.1%
Henry Southard (Democratic-Republican) 15.0%
John Condit (Democratic-Republican) 10.1%
Charles Kinsey (Democratic-Republican) 8.5%
Lewis Condict (Democratic-Republican) 1.8%
Charles Kinsey Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Henry Southard Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected.
Ephraim Bateman Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected.
Joseph Bloomfield Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Benjamin Bennet Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

New York[edit]

New York elected its members April 28–30, 1818, the earliest of any state.

At this time, the Democratic-Republicans in New York were divided into two factions, the "Bucktails" who were opposed to Governor Dewitt Clinton's Erie Canal project, led by Martin Van Buren, and on the other side, Clinton's supporters, known as Clintonians. In many districts, the remaining Federalists allied with the Clintonians, with candidates running on a joint ticket. Several candidates who ran under that joint ticket cannot be clearly categorized, and are marked C/F. Others who ran under the joint ticket are marked by their party with a footnote indicating that they ran under the joint ticket.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
New York 1
Plural district with 2 seats
George Townsend Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Election later disputed in favor of James Guyon Jr..[j]
Silas Wood (Federalist) 26.0%[k]
Ebenezer Sage (Democratic-Republican) 25.0%[j]
James Garretson (C/F) 23.9%
James Guyon Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 20.4%
"James Guyon" 4.7%
Tredwell Scudder Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 2
Plural district with 2 seats
William Irving Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Henry Meigs (Democratic-Republican) 35.9%[l]
Peter H. Wendover (Democratic-Republican) 35.7%
Barent Gardenier (Federalist) 28.4%[k]
Peter H. Wendover Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent re-elected.
New York 3 Caleb Tompkins Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Caleb Tompkins (Democratic-Republican) 58.3%
Benjamin Isaacs (C/F) 25.2%
Philip Van Cortlandt (Democratic-Republican) 16.5%[k]
New York 4 James Tallmadge Jr. Democratic-Republican 1817 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Randall S. Street (Federalist) 50.6%[k]
William H. Johnson (Democratic-Republican) 49.4%
New York 5 Philip J. Schuyler Federalist 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
James S. Strong (Federalist) 49.9%[k]
John I. Miller (Democratic-Republican) 31.7%
Robert Le Roy Livingston (Federalist) 18.4%[k]
New York 6 James W. Wilkin Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Walter Case (Democratic-Republican) 100%
New York 7 Josiah Hasbrouck Democratic-Republican 1802
1816
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Jacob H. De Witt (Democratic-Republican) 100%
New York 8 Dorrance Kirtland Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Robert Clark (Democratic-Republican) 55.5%
Jabez Bostwick (Federalist) 44.5%
New York 9 Rensselaer Westerlo Federalist 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Solomon Van Rensselaer (Federalist) 100%
New York 10 John P. Cushman Federalist 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John D. Dickinson (Federalist) 52.7%
William McManus (Democratic-Republican) 47.3%
New York 11 John W. Taylor Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent re-elected. John W. Taylor (Democratic-Republican) 72.8%
James Thompson (Federalist) 27.2%
New York 12
Plural district with 2 seats
John Savage Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Nathaniel Pitcher (Democratic-Republican) 37.8%
Ezra C. Gross (Democratic-Republican) 32.7%[k]
David Abel Russell (Federalist) 21.0%
Halsey Rogers (Democratic-Republican) 8.5%
John Palmer Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 13 Thomas Lawyer Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Harmanus Peek (Democratic-Republican) 55.9%
Isaac H. Tiffany (Federalist) 44.1%
New York 14 John Herkimer Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Fay (Democratic-Republican) 56.9%
John Veeder (Federalist) 43.1%
New York 15
Plural district with 2 seats
Isaac Williams Jr. Democratic-Republican 1813 (Special)
1814 (Retired)
1816
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Robert Monell (Democratic-Republican) 26.3%[k]
Joseph S. Lyman (Democratic-Republican) 25.8%[k]
Samuel Campbell (Democratic-Republican) 24.3%
Edward Pratt (Democratic-Republican) 23.6%
John R. Drake Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 16 Henry R. Storrs Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Henry R. Storrs (Federalist) 95.1%[k]
Allen Fraser (Democratic-Republican) 4.9%
New York 17 Thomas H. Hubbard Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Aaron Hackley Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 98.8%
Simeon Ford (C/F) 1.2%
New York 18 David A. Ogden Federalist 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William D. Ford (Democratic-Republican) 74.2%
Horatio Orvis (C/F) 25.8%
New York 19 James Porter Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George Hall (Democratic-Republican) 97.9%
H. O. Wattles (Federalist) 2.1%[f]
New York 20
Plural district with 2 seats
Daniel Cruger Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Jonathan Richmond (Democratic-Republican) 50.3%
Caleb Baker (Democratic-Republican) 49.7%
Oliver C. Comstock Democratic-Republican 1812 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New York 21
Plural district with 2 seats
Benjamin Ellicott Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Nathaniel Allen (Democratic-Republican) 52.4%
Albert H. Tracy (Democratic-Republican) 46.8%
John C. Spencer Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.

North Carolina[edit]

North Carolina elected its members August 12, 1819, after the new congress began but before the first session convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
North Carolina 1 Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican 1806
1813 (Lost)
1817
Incumbent re-elected. Lemuel Sawyer[g] (Democratic-Republican)
Voight[f]
North Carolina 2 Joseph H. Bryan Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Hutchins G. Burton[g] (Democratic-Republican)
North Carolina 3 Thomas H. Hall Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas H. Hall (Democratic-Republican) 78.2%
John Holland (Federalist) 21.8%
North Carolina 4 Jesse Slocumb Federalist 1817 Incumbent re-elected. Jesse Slocumb[m] (Federalist)
North Carolina 5 James Owen Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Charles Hooks (Democratic-Republican) 59.0%
Samuel Stanford (Federalist) 41.0%
North Carolina 6 Weldon N. Edwards Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Weldon N. Edwards[g] (Democratic-Republican)
North Carolina 7 James Stewart Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Culpepper (Federalist) 52.0%
James Stewart (Democratic-Republican) 48.0%
North Carolina 8 James S. Smith Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected. James S. Smith (Democratic-Republican) 54.6%
Samuel Dickens (Democratic-Republican) 45.4%
North Carolina 9 Thomas Settle Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Settle (Democratic-Republican) 98.8%[n]
William Snow (Democratic-Republican) 1.1%
North Carolina 10 Charles Fisher Democratic-Republican 1819 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Charles Fisher (Democratic-Republican) 65.1%
W. Jones (Federalist) 34.9%[f]
North Carolina 11 William Davidson Federalist 1818 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William Davidson (Federalist) 45.1%
John F. Brevard (Democratic-Republican) 37.0%
Henry W. Conner (Democratic-Republican) 17.9%
North Carolina 12 Felix Walker Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected. Felix Walker (Democratic-Republican)[o]
Joseph M.D. Carson (Democratic-Republican)
North Carolina 13 Lewis Williams Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent re-elected. Lewis Williams[g] (Democratic-Republican)

Ohio[edit]

Ohio elected its members October 13, 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Ohio 1 William Henry Harrison Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Thomas R. Ross (Democratic-Republican) 48.7%
John H. Platt 28.9%
Ethan Stone 22.4%
Ohio 2 John W. Campbell Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. John W. Campbell (Democratic-Republican) 93.0%
James Burin 7.0%
Ohio 3 Levi Barber Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Henry Brush (Democratic-Republican) 41.1%
Levi Barber (Democratic-Republican) 30.3%
Edward Tupper 28.6%
Ohio 4 Samuel Herrick Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Herrick (Democratic-Republican) 52.9%
John C. Wright (Federalist) 46.4%
Ohio 5 Philemon Beecher Federalist 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Philemon Beecher (Federalist) 51.6%
Joseph Vance (Democratic-Republican) 47.7%
Ohio 6 Peter Hitchcock Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Sloane (Democratic-Republican) 51.7%
Peter Hitchcock (Democratic-Republican) 46.2%
Benjamin Martin 2.1%

Pennsylvania[edit]

Pennsylvania elected its members October 13, 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[23]
Pennsylvania 1
Plural district with 4 seats
John Sergeant Federalist 1815 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. John Sergeant (Federalist) 14.2%
Joseph Hemphill (Federalist) 14.2%
Samuel Edwards (Federalist) 13.8%
Thomas Forrest (Federalist) 13.2%
Nicholas Biddle (Democratic-Republican) 11.7%
John Connelly (Democratic-Republican) 10.9%
George G. Leiper (Democratic-Republican) 10.7%
Jacob Somner (Democratic-Republican) 10.7%
Charles Hare (Democratic-Republican) 0.5%
Adam Seybert Democratic-Republican 1808
1814 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
William Anderson Democratic-Republican 1808
1814 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Joseph Hopkinson Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Pennsylvania 2
Plural district with 2 seats
Levi Pawling Federalist 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
William Darlington (Democratic-Republican) 27.0%
Samuel Gross (Democratic-Republican) 26.5%
Levi Pawling (Federalist) 23.4%
James Kelton (Federalist) 23.1%
Isaac Darlington Federalist 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Pennsylvania 3
Plural district with 2 seats
James M. Wallace Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Jacob Hibshman (Democratic-Republican) 26.6%
James M. Wallace (Democratic-Republican) 26.3%
James Montgomery (Federalist) 23.6%
John Whiteside (F[p]) 23.4%
John Whiteside Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 4 Jacob Spangler Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent resigned April 20, 1818.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected to finish the current term.
Jacob Hostetter (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Pennsylvania 5
Plural district with 2 seats
Andrew Boden Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. David Fullerton (Democratic-Republican) 30.3%
Andrew Boden (Democratic-Republican) 29.4%
Alexander Cobean (Federalist) 20.6%
John P. Helfenstein (Federalist) 19.8%
William Maclay Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Pennsylvania 6
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel D. Ingham Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent resigned July 6, 1818.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Successor also elected the same day to finish the current term.
Samuel Moore (Democratic-Republican) 50.6%
Thomas J. Rogers (Democratic-Republican) 49.4%
Thomas J. Rogers Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 7 Joseph Hiester Democratic-Republican 1798
1804 (Retired)
1814
Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Hiester (Democratic-Republican) 65.7%
Jonathan Hudson (Democratic-Republican) 34.3%
Pennsylvania 8 Alexander Ogle Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Robert Philson (Democratic-Republican) 59.6%
John A. Bard (Federalist) 40.4%
Pennsylvania 9 William P. Maclay Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. William P. Maclay (Democratic-Republican) 77.6%
John Brown (Democratic-Republican) 22.4%
Pennsylvania 10
Plural district with 2 seats
William Wilson Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Murray (Democratic-Republican) 50.4%
George Denison (Democratic-Republican) 49.6%
John Murray Democratic-Republican 1817 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Pennsylvania 11 David Marchand Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. David Marchand (Democratic-Republican) 52.6%
James Kelly (Federalist) 47.4%
Pennsylvania 12 Thomas Patterson Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Patterson (Democratic-Republican) 64.2%
Joseph Pentecost (Federalist) 35.8%
Pennsylvania 13 Christian Tarr Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Christian Tarr (Democratic-Republican) 78.7%[n]
Henry Heaton (Democratic-Republican) 21.3%
Pennsylvania 14 Henry Baldwin Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Henry Baldwin (Democratic-Republican) 55.1%
Samuel Douglas (Democratic-Republican) 44.9%
Pennsylvania 15 Robert Moore Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Robert Moore (Democratic-Republican) 53.3%
Thomas Wilson (Democratic-Republican) 46.7%

Rhode Island[edit]

Rhode Island elected its members August 25, 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
John L. Boss Jr. Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Samuel Eddy (Democratic-Republican) 50.3%
Nathaniel Hazard (Democratic-Republican) 49.4%
Others 0.3%
James B. Mason Federalist 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.

South Carolina[edit]

South Carolina elected its members October 12–13, 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 Henry Middleton Democratic-Republican 1814 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Charles Pinckney (Democratic-Republican) 49.0%
Daniel Elliott Huger (Democratic-Republican) 34.1%
William Crafts Jr. (Federalist) 16.9%
South Carolina 2 William Lowndes Democratic-Republican 1810 Incumbent re-elected. William Lowndes (Democratic-Republican) 100%
South Carolina 3 James Ervin Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. James Ervin (Democratic-Republican) 100%
South Carolina 4 Joseph Bellinger Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Overstreet (Democratic-Republican) 41.0%
John J. Chappell (Democratic-Republican) 35.2%
John M. Felder (Federalist) 23.8%
South Carolina 5 Starling Tucker Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected. Starling Tucker (Democratic-Republican) 50.8%
William Brown (Democratic-Republican) 28.5%
Philip E. Pearson (Democratic-Republican) 20.7%
South Carolina 6 Eldred Simkins Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Eldred Simkins (Democratic-Republican) 54.1%
Joseph Black (Democratic-Republican) 25.9%
William Butler (Democratic-Republican) 19.9%
South Carolina 7 Elias Earle Democratic-Republican 1804
1814 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent re-elected. Elias Earle (Democratic-Republican) 53.7%
John H. Harrison (Democratic-Republican) 46.3%
South Carolina 8 Wilson Nesbitt Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John McCreary (Democratic-Republican) 100%
South Carolina 9 Stephen D. Miller Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Joseph Brevard (Democratic-Republican) 91.9%[n]
James C. Postell (Federalist) 8.1%

Tennessee[edit]

Tennessee elected its members August 5–6, 1819, after the new congress began but before the first session convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 John Rhea Democratic-Republican 1803
1815 (Lost)
1817
Incumbent re-elected. John Rhea (Democratic-Republican) 46.4%
John Tipton 42.3%
John Kennedy 11.3%
Tennessee 2 William G. Blount Democratic-Republican 1815 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Cocke (Democratic-Republican) 52.5%
James P.H. Porter 47.5%
Tennessee 3 Francis Jones Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected. Francis Jones (Democratic-Republican) 61.6%
John Brown 38.4%
Tennessee 4 Samuel E. Hogg Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Robert Allen (Democratic-Republican) 61.3%
William Hadley 38.7%
Tennessee 5 Thomas Claiborne Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Newton Cannon (Democratic-Republican) 57.5%
Jarvis Trimble 42.5%
Tennessee 6 George W. L. Marr Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Henry H. Bryan (Democratic-Republican) 45.7%
Robert Mark 38.2%
James B. Reynolds (Democratic-Republican) 16.1%

Vermont[edit]

Vermont elected its members September 1, 1818.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Vermont at-large
6 seats on a general ticket
Charles Rich Democratic-Republican 1812
1814 (Lost)
1816
Incumbent re-elected. Charles Rich (Democratic-Republican) 12.5%
Mark Richards (Democratic-Republican) 12.4%
William Strong (Democratic-Republican) 12.1%
Samuel C. Crafts (Democratic-Republican) 10.1%
Ezra Meech (Democratic-Republican) 9.4%
Orsamus Cook Merrill (Democratic-Republican) 6.4%[q]
William A. Griswold (Democratic-Republican) 6.3%
Rollin C. Mallary (Democratic-Republican) 6.3%[q]
John Peck (Democratic-Republican) 6.0%
David Edmond (Federalist) 4.3%
Horace Everett (Democratic-Republican) 4.3%
Phineas White (Democratic-Republican) 4.2%
Richard Skinner (Democratic-Republican) 3.3%
Mark Richards Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Samuel C. Crafts Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Heman Allen Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent resigned April 20, 1818 to become a U.S. Marshall.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
William Hunter Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Orsamus Cook Merrill Democratic-Republican 1816 Incumbent re-elected.
Election later contested successfully by Rollin C. Mallary.[q]

Virginia[edit]

Virginia elected its members in April 1819, after the new congress began but before the first session convened.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[d]
Virginia 1 James Pindall Federalist 1817 Incumbent re-elected. James Pindall (Federalist) 77.2%
William McKinley (Democratic-Republican) 22.8%
Virginia 2 Edward Colston Federalist 1817 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Thomas Van Swearingen (Federalist) 55.7%
Edward Colston (Federalist) 44.3%
Virginia 3 Henry St. George Tucker Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Jared Williams (Democratic-Republican) 64.6%
John Smith (Democratic-Republican) 35.4%
Virginia 4 William McCoy Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. William McCoy (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Virginia 5 John Floyd Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected. John Floyd (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Virginia 6 Alexander Smyth Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected. Alexander Smyth (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Virginia 7 Ballard Smith Democratic-Republican 1815 Incumbent re-elected. Ballard Smith (Democratic-Republican)[g]
Virginia 8 Charles F. Mercer Federalist 1817 Incumbent re-elected. Charles F. Mercer (Federalist) 100%
Virginia 9 William Lee Ball Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected. William Lee Ball (Democratic-Republican) 53.4%
John P. Hungerford (Democratic-Republican) 46.6%
Virginia 10 George Strother Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected. George Strother (Democratic-Republican) 51.4%
John Shackleford (Federalist) 47.8%
Virginia 11 Philip P. Barbour Democratic-Republican 1814 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Philip P. Barbour (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Virginia 12 Robert S. Garnett Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent re-elected. Robert S. Garnett (Democratic-Republican)[g]
Virginia 13 Burwell Bassett Democratic-Republican 1805
1812 (Lost)
1815
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Severn E. Parker (Democratic-Republican)[g]
John Drury
Virginia 14 William A. Burwell Democratic-Republican 1806 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William A. Burwell (Democratic-Republican)[g]
Virginia 15 William J. Lewis Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
George Tucker (Democratic-Republican) 72.2%
John Kerr (Democratic-Republican) 27.8%
Virginia 16 Archibald Austin Democratic-Republican 1817 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Randolph (Democratic-Republican) 72.9%
Archibald Austin (Democratic-Republican) 27.1%
Virginia 17 James Pleasants Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. James Pleasants (Democratic-Republican)[g]
Virginia 18 Thomas M. Nelson Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Mark Alexander (Democratic-Republican) 54.7%
Theo Field (Democratic-Republican) 25.9%
James Wyche (Democratic-Republican) 17.8%
Virginia 19 John Pegram Democratic-Republican 1818 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
James Jones (Democratic-Republican) 70.6%
John Pegram (Democratic-Republican) 29.4%
Virginia 20 James Johnson Democratic-Republican 1813 Incumbent re-elected. James Johnson (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Virginia 21 Thomas Newton Jr. Democratic-Republican 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Newton Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 100%
Virginia 22 Hugh Nelson Democratic-Republican 1811 Incumbent re-elected. Hugh Nelson (Democratic-Republican)[g]
Virginia 23 John Tyler Democratic-Republican 1816 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. John Tyler (Democratic-Republican)[g]

Non-voting delegates[edit]

There were four territories with the right to send non-voting delegates to at least part of the 16th Congress, two of which, Michigan Territory and Arkansas Territory were new to this Congress.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Alabama Territory at-large Vacant No delegate election as Alabama Territory was admitted to the Union at the start of the 1st Session of the 16th Congress.
Arkansas Territory at-large None (District created) See Special elections, above.
Michigan Territory at-large None (District created) New seat.
New delegate elected.
William Woodbridge[g]
Missouri Territory at-large John Scott 1816
1817 (Vacated)
1817 (Special)
Incumbent re-elected. John Scott 62.2%
Samuel Hammond 37.7%

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Excludes states admitted after the start of the 16th Congress
  2. ^ a b c Includes late elections
  3. ^ Party affiliation not given in source
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed.
  5. ^ Late election to the 15th Congress
  6. ^ a b c d Full name unknown
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Numbers of votes missing or incomplete in source.[citation needed]
  8. ^ District numbers differed between source used and elsewhere on Wikipedia; district numbers used elsewhere on Wikipedia used here
  9. ^ Electoral data presumably incomplete in source
  10. ^ a b In New York's 1st district, an election dispute arose. Initial returns showed the winners to be Silas Wood and Ebenezer Sage. This election was contested, however, on the grounds that there were 396 votes for "James Guyon" which, when added to the total number of votes reported for James Guyon Jr., would place Guyon in second place, above Sage. Sage never appeared to take his seat, and Guyon was awarded the seat January 14, 1820.[17]
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Ran under Clintonian/Federalist joint ticket.
  12. ^ Election contested.
  13. ^ The official certificate of vote in the General Assembly Session Records states that Slocumb won by 1,476 votes. No other returns are known to exist for this race.[citation needed]
  14. ^ a b c Based on incomplete data.
  15. ^ The Raleigh Register reported September 3, 1819 that Walker won the race by 587 votes.
  16. ^ Changed parties
  17. ^ a b c Initial returns showed Rollin C. Mallary in 8th place with 6,879 votes and Orsamus Cook Merrill in 6th place with 6,955 votes, but after challenging the results, the House Committee on Elections declared Mallary the winner of the last seat with 6,961 votes, a 6-vote lead over Merrill.[citation needed] Mallary was seated January 13, 1820.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stat. 430
  2. ^ Stat. 492
  3. ^ Stat. 555
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Fifteenth Congress March 4, 1817, to March 3, 1819". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved November 2, 2018 – via History.house.gov.
  5. ^ "Connecticut 1818 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ "North Carolina 1818 U.S. House of Representatives, District 7, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  7. ^ "South Carolina 1818 U.S. House of Representatives, District 6, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  8. ^ "Massachusetts 1818 U.S. House of Representatives, Eastern District #7, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  9. ^ "Pennsylvania 1818 U.S. House of Representatives, District 6, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  10. ^ "Pennsylvania 1818 U.S. House of Representatives, District 4, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  11. ^ "Louisiana 1818 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  12. ^ "Pennsylvania 1818 U.S. House of Representatives, District 6, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  13. ^ "North Carolina 1818 U.S. House of Representatives, District 11, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  14. ^ "Virginia 1818 U.S. House of Representatives, District 19, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  15. ^ "Georgia 1819 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  16. ^ "North Carolina 1819 U.S. House of Representatives, District 10, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Sixteenth Congress March 4, 1819, to March 3, 1821". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 23, 2019 – via History.house.gov.
  18. ^ "Alabama 1819 U.S. House of Representatives". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  19. ^ "Louisiana 1818 U.S. House of Representatives, Special". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  20. ^ "Massachusetts 1819 U.S. House of Representatives, Berkshire District, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  21. ^ "Massachusetts 1819 U.S. House of Representatives, Eastern District #3, Ballot 2". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  22. ^ "Massachusetts 1819 U.S. House of Representatives, Eastern District #3, Ballot 3". Tufts Digital Collations and Archives. A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787–1825. Tufts University. Retrieved January 28, 2019.
  23. ^ Cox, Harold (January 31, 2007). "U. S. Congressional Election 13 October 1818" (PDF). The Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.

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