1818 in the United Kingdom
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- Monarch – George III
- Regent – George, Prince Regent
- Prime Minister – Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool (Tory)
- Parliament – 5th (until 10 June), 6th (starting 4 August)
- 6 January – Treaty of Mundosir annexes Indore and the Rajput states to Britain.
- 16 April – Court of King's Bench decides the case of Ashford v Thornton, upholding the right of the defendant, on a private appeal from an acquittal for murder, to trial by battle. Four days later, the plaintiff declines to fight.
- 11 May – the Old Vic is founded as the Royal Coburg Theatre in South London by James King, Daniel Dunn and John T. Serres.
- 23 July – the Crown agrees sale of its rights in the royal forest of Exmoor. Thomas Dyke Acland secures a herd of Exmoor ponies, the nucleus of the modern breed.
- 25 September – in London, Dr James Blundell carries out the first blood transfusion using human blood.
- 20 October – a convention between the United States and the United Kingdom establishes the northern boundary as the forty-ninth parallel from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains, also creating the Northwest Angle.
- Church Building Act makes available £1 million for the construction of new Anglican "Commissioners' churches" to serve the expanding urban population.
- Besses o' th' Barn brass band is formed at Whitefield in the Manchester cotton district.
- First Chubb detector lock produced.
- Jane Austen's novels Northanger Abbey and Persuasion (posthumous; actually issued in December 1817).
- John Evelyn's Diary (posthumous).
- John Keats' poem Endymion (4 vols.)
- Thomas Love Peacock's novel Nightmare Abbey (anonymous).
- Walter Scott's novel The Heart of Midlothian (as by 'Jedediah Cleishbotham').
- Thomas Bowdler's expurgated The Family Shakspeare, 2nd edn.
- Mary Shelley's novel Frankenstein (anonymous).
- Percy Bysshe Shelley's poems Ozymandias (published as by 'Glirastes' in The Examiner 11 January) and The Revolt of Islam (actually issued in December 1817).
- Mary Martha Sherwood's children's novel The History of the Fairchild Family (vol. 1; anonymous).
- 18 January – George Palmer, biscuit manufacturer (died 1897)
- 21 February – George Wilson, chemist (died 1859)
- 22 March – John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (died 1846)
- 11 June – Alexander Bain, philosopher and educationalist (died 1903)
- 21 June – Sir Richard Wallace, art collector (died 1890)
- 30 July – Emily Brontë, novelist (died 1848)
- 24 December – James Prescott Joule, physicist (died 1889)
- Full Date Unknown – Emperor Norton, eccentric (died 1880 in the United States)
- 22 August – Warren Hastings, Governor-General of India (b. 1732)
- 17 November – Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen consort of the United Kingdom, wife of George III (b. 1744)
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 249–250. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- Hall, Sir John (1926). Trial of Abraham Thornton. Edinburgh: William Hodge & Co. Ltd.
- Megarry, Sir Robert (2005). A New Miscellany-at-Law: Yet Another Diversion for Lawyers and Others. Oxford: Hart. ISBN 1-58477-631-5. Retrieved 2010-08-27.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "Besses o' th' Barn Band". Besses o' th' Barn Band. Retrieved 2011-08-17.
- Baren, Maurice (1997). How Household Names Began. London: Michael O'Mara Books. pp. 43–5. ISBN 1-85479-257-1.
- "Icons, a portrait of England 1800–1820". Archived from the original on 17 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-11.