Any reference to New Zealand in a legal rather than geographic sense prior to 1840 is complex and unclear. When the British colony of New South Wales was founded in 1788 it nominally included New Zealand as far as 43°39'S (approximately halfway down the South Island).
27 February – Samuel Marsden arrives on his third visit to New Zealand, on the HMS Dromedary. He unsuccessfully attempts to dissuade Thomas Kendall from his impending visit to England. The Dromedary spends 5 month getting timber in Whangaroa Harbour.
2 March – Kendall, Hongi Hika and Hongi’s nephew Waikato from Rangihoua sail for England in the whaler New Zealander. Kendall confers with Professor Samuel Lee at Cambridge on the publication of Grammar and Vocabulary of the New Zealand Language. The book is published at the end of the year. The well known painting of Kendall with the 2 chiefs is painted by James Barry. Hongi’s main purpose in this trip is to obtain muskets, at which he is eventually successful.
27 August – Captain R.A. Cruise of the 84th Regiment visits Tamaki Makaurau on the colonial schooner Prince Regent.
9 November – Marsden again visits Tamaki Makaurau, this time with Butler. They visit Tamaki River and cross the isthmus to Manukau Harbour and visit Onehunga and the Manukau Heads but cannot exit the harbour because of the bar at the entrance.