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This article is about the year 1822. For the book by Laurentino Gomes, see 1822 (book).
|Centuries:||18th century – 19th century – 20th century|
|Decades:||1790s 1800s 1810s – 1820s – 1830s 1840s 1850s|
|Years:||1819 1820 1821 – 1822 – 1823 1824 1825|
|1822 in topic:|
|Archaeology – Architecture – Art – Literature – Music|
|Australia – Brazil - Canada – Denmark - France – Germany – Mexico – Norway - Philippines - Portugal– South Africa – Spain - Sweden - United Kingdom – United States|
|Rail Transport – Science – Sports|
|Lists of leaders|
|Colonial Governors – State leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2575|
|British Regnal year||2 Geo. 4 – 3 Geo. 4|
|Chinese calendar||辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
4518 or 4458
— to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
4519 or 4459
|- Vikram Samvat||1878–1879|
|- Shaka Samvat||1744–1745|
|- Kali Yuga||4923–4924|
|Japanese calendar||Bunsei 5
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 12 days|
|Minguo calendar||90 before ROC
|Thai solar calendar||2364–2365|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1822.|
- January 7 – History of Liberia: The first group of freed slaves from the United States arrive in modern-day Liberia, founding Monrovia on April 25.
- February 6 – Chinese junk Tek Sing sinks in the South China Sea with the loss of around 1600 people on board.
- February 9 – The invading Haitian forces led by Jean-Pierre Boyer arrive in Santo Domingo to overthrow the newly founded Dominican Republic.
- March 31 – Greek War of Independence: Start of Chios Massacre, during which 20,000 Greeks on the island of Chios are slaughtered by Ottoman troops and 23,000 exiled.
- May 24 – Battle of Pichincha: Simón Bolívar secures the independence of Quito.
- May 25 – Execution of Christos Palaskas and Alexis Noutsos by Odysseas Androutsos' forces.
- May 26 – 116 people die in the Grue Church fire, the biggest fire disaster in Norway's history.
- June 6 – Alexis St. Martin accidentally shot in the stomach, which leads the way to William Beaumont's studies on digestion.
- July 3 – Charles Babbage publishes a proposal for a "difference engine", a forerunner of the modern computer for calculating logarithms and trigonometric functions. Construction of an operational version will proceed under British Government sponsorship 1823–32 but it will never be completed.
- July 8 – The Chippewas turn over a huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
- July 13 – Greek War of Independence: Greeks defeat Ottoman forces at Thermopylae.
- July 26 – Guayaquil Conference: José de San Martín arrives in Guayaquil, Ecuador, to meet with Simón Bolívar.
- July 27 – Guayaquil Conference: Simón Bolívar and General]José de San Martín meet in Guayaquil, which Bolívar later annexes.
- July 31 – The last public whipping is carried out in Edinburgh.
- August 12 – St David's College (the modern-day University of Wales, Lampeter) is founded in Wales by Thomas Burgess, Bishop of St David's.
- August 15–29 – Visit of King George IV to Scotland.
- August 22 – The English ship Orion lands at Yerba Buena, now named San Francisco, under the command of William A. Richardson.
- September 7 – Brazilian independence: Brazil declares its independence from Portugal.
- September 8–13 – Battle of Nauplia: In a series of naval engagements the Ottoman Fleet fails to break through the Greek Fleet under Admiral Andreas Vokos Miaoulis
- September 11 – Galileo Galilei's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems (1632) is permitted by the Roman Catholic Church to be published.
- September 16
- September 22 – Portugal approves its first Constitution.
- September 27 – Jean-François Champollion announces his success in deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs using the Rosetta Stone in a letter to the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres in Paris (based on the work of Thomas Young).
- October 12 – Pedro I of Brazil is declared the constitutional Emperor of Brazil.
- October 31 – Emperor Agustín de Iturbide of the First Mexican Empire dissolves the country's Congress of the Union and replaces it with a military junta.
- October–December – Congress of Verona: Russia, Austria and Prussia approve French intervention in Spain.
- November 9 – Action of 9 November 1822: USS Alligator (1820) engages three pirate schooners off Cuba as part of the West Indies anti-piracy operations of the United States.
- November 13
- November 19 – An earthquake near Valparaíso in Chile kills around 200, causes a tsunami and raises the coastal area.
- December 1 – Pedro I is crowned as first Emperor of Brazil.
- The Rocky Mountain Fur Company ("Ashley's Hundred") leave from St. Louis, Missouri, setting off a major increase in fur trade.
- Coffee is no longer banned in Sweden.
- January 2 – Rudolf Clausius, German physicist (d. 1888)
- January 6 – Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist (d. 1890)
- January 9 – Carol Benesch, Silesian and Romanian architect (d. 1896)
- January 12 – Étienne Lenoir, Belgian engineer (d. 1900)
- January 25 – Charles Reed Bishop, preeminent businessman and philanthropist in Hawaii (d. 1915)
- January 28 – Alexander Mackenzie, 2nd Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1892)
- February 4 – Edward Fitzgerald Beale, American Navy Lieutenant and explorer (d. 1893)
- February 16 – Sir Francis Galton, English explorer and biologist (d. 1911)
- March 4 – Jules Antoine Lissajous, French mathematician (d. 1880)
- April 3 – Edward Everett Hale, American writer (d. 1909)
- April 26 – Frederick Law Olmsted, American landscape architect (d. 1903)
- April 27 – Ulysses S. Grant, 18th President of the United States (d. 1885)
- May 20 – Frédéric Passy, French economist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1912)
- May 26 – Edmond de Goncourt, French writer (d. 1896)
- May 11 – Henry Baker Tristram, English clergyman, and ornithologist. (d. 1906)
- June 10 – John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (d. 1890)
- July 18 – Princess Augusta of Cambridge (d. 1916)
- July 20 – Gregor Mendel, Czech geneticist (d. 1884)
- July 21 – Alexander H. Jones, Congressional Representative from North Carolina. (d. 1901)
- July 25 – Andrew Bryson, American admiral (d. 1892)
- October 4 – Rutherford B. Hayes, 19th President of the United States (d. 1893)
- October 6 – Benjamin F. Isherwood, American admiral and United States Navy Engineer-in-Chief (d. 1915)
- December 10 – César Franck, Belgian composer and organist (d. 1890)
- December 24 – Matthew Arnold, English poet (d. 1888)
- December 27 – Louis Pasteur, French microbiologist and chemist (d. 1895)
- January 10 – Bathilde d'Orléans, French princess (b. 1750)
- January 24 – Ali Pasha, ruler of European Turkey (b. 1741)
- February 10 – Prince Albert of Saxony, Duke of Teschen (b. 1738)
- February 24 – Thomas Coutts, banker (b. 1735)
- February 27 – Sir John Borlase Warren, 1st Baronet, admiral (b. 1753)
- April 14 – Edmund Butcher, minister (b. 1757)
- April 20 – Allegra Byron, illegitimate daughter of Lord Byron (b. 1817)
- May 27 – Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. 1772)
- June 25 – E. T. A. Hoffmann, German Romantic author (b. 1776)
- July 8 – Percy Bysshe Shelley, English poet (b. 1792)
- August 4 – Kristjan Jaak Peterson, Estonian poet (b. 1801)
- August 12 – Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, British foreign secretary (suicide) (b. 1769)
- August 25 – William Herschel, German-born astronomer (b. 1738)
- October 26 – Mahmud Dramali Pasha, Ottoman vizier (b. c. 1780)
- October 31 – Jared Ingersoll, U.S. presidential candidate (b. 1749)
- Dadrian, Vahakn N. (1999). Warrant for Genocide: Key Elements of Turko-Armenian Conflict. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers. p. 153. ISBN 1560003898.
- Hyman, Anthony (1982). Charles Babbage: pioneer of the computer. Oxford University Press. p. 51ff. ISBN 0-19-858170-X.
- Prebble, John (1988). The King's Jaunt: George IV in Scotland, August 1822 'One and Twenty Daft Days'. London: Collins. ISBN 0-00-215404-8.