1823 in the United States
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|1823 in the United States|
24 stars (1822–36)
|Timeline of United States history|
|History of the United States (1789–1849)|
Events from the year 1823 in the United States.
- President: James Monroe (DR-Virginia)
- Vice President: Daniel D. Tompkins (DR-New York)
- Chief Justice: John Marshall (Virginia)
- Speaker of the House of Representatives: Philip Pendleton Barbour (DR-Virginia) (until March 4), Henry Clay (DR-Kentucky) (starting December 1)
- Congress: 17th (until March 4), 18th (starting March 4)
- February 3 – Jackson Male Academy, precursor of Union University, opens in Tennessee.
- November 15 – Lone Horn succeeds (probably) his father, and becomes chief of the Minneconjou Sioux; he will be chief until his death on October 16, 1875.
- December 2 – Monroe Doctrine: US President James Monroe delivers a speech to the U.S. Congress, announcing a new policy of forbidding European interference in the Americas and establishing American neutrality in future European conflicts.
- December 23 – A Visit From St. Nicholas, attributed to Clement Clarke Moore, is first published.
- United States jurisprudence first affirms the enduring rights of indigenous landholders. (See tribal sovereignty.)
- Orford Parish of East Hartford, Connecticut separates and is incorporated as the Town of Manchester by a special act of the Connecticut General Assembly.
- Middlebury College, Vermont, becomes the first US institution of higher education to grant a bachelor's degree to an African American, graduating Alexander Twilight.
- January 28 – Philip Spencer, founder of Chi Psi Fraternity and midshipman aboard the USS Somers (died 1842)
- March 23 – Schuyler Colfax, the 17th Vice President of the United States from 1869 till 1873. (died 1885)
- May 10 – John Sherman, 32nd United States Secretary of the Treasury, 35th United States Secretary of State (died 1900)
- July 1 – Charles B. Farwell, United States Senator from Illinois from 1887 till 1891. (died 1903)
- July 9 (date uncertain) – Phineas Gage, improbable head injury survivor (died 1860)
- July 24 – Arthur I. Boreman, United States Senator from West Virginia from 1869 to 1875. (died 1896)
- August 4 – Oliver P. Morton, United States Senator from Indiana from 1867 to 1877. (died 1877)
- August 15 – Orris S. Ferry, United States Senator from Connecticut from 1867 till 1875. (died 1875)
- September 14 – Benjamin Harvey Hill, United States Senator from Georgia from 1877 till 1882. (died 1882)
- November 18 – Charles H. Bell, United States Senator from New Hampshire in 1879. (died 1893)
- November 23 – Eliza Hendricks, Second Lady of the United States (died 1903)
- January 21 – Gideon Olin, politician (born 1743)
- April 23 – John Williams Walker, U.S. Senator from Alabama from 1819 to 1822 (born 1783)
- September 28 – Charlotte Melmoth, tragic actress (born 1749 in Great Britain)
- October 8 – Martin D. Hardin, U.S. Senator from Kentucky from 1816 to 1817 (born 1780)
- Media related to 1823 in the United States at Wikimedia Commons
- "Alexander Twilight". Old Stone House Museum. Orleans County Historical Society. Retrieved 2017-10-14.